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This paper concerns the study of some bifurcation properties for the following class of Choquard-type equations:
(P)
$$\left\{ {\begin{array}{*{20}{l}}
{ - \Delta u = \lambda f(x)\left[ {u + \left( {{I_\alpha }*f( \cdot )H(u)} \right)h(u)} \right],{\rm{ in }} \ {{\mathbb{R}}^3},}\\
{{{\lim }_{|x| \to \infty }}u(x) = 0,\quad u(x) > 0,\quad x \in {{\mathbb{R}}^3},\quad u \in {D^{1,2}}({{\mathbb{R}}^3}),}
\end{array}} \right.$$
where
${I_\alpha }(x) = 1/|x{|^\alpha },\,\alpha \in (0,3),\,\lambda > 0,\,f:{{\mathbb{R}}^3} \to {\mathbb{R}}$
is a positive continuous function and h :
${\mathbb{R}} \to {\mathbb{R}}$
is a bounded Hölder continuous function. The main tools used are Leray–Schauder degree theory and a global bifurcation result due to Rabinowitz.
By using methods of subordinacy theory, we study packing continuity properties of spectral measures of discrete one-dimensional Schrödinger operators acting on the whole line. Then we apply these methods to Sturmian operators with rotation numbers of quasibounded density to show that they have purely
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}$
-packing continuous spectrum. A dimensional stability result is also mentioned.
We study a class of Schrödinger lattice systems with sublinear nonlinearities and perturbed terms. We get an interesting result that the systems do not have nontrivial homoclinic solutions if the perturbed terms are removed, but the systems have ground state homoclinic solutions if the perturbed terms are added. Besides, we also study the continuity of the homoclinic solutions in the perturbation terms at zero. To the best of our knowledge, there is no published result focusing on the perturbed Schrödinger lattice systems.
We consider a family of nonlinear rational recurrences of odd order which was introduced by Heideman and Hogan, and recently rediscovered in the theory of Laurent phenomenon algebras (a generalization of cluster algebras). All of these recurrences have the Laurent property, implying that for a particular choice of initial data (all initial values set to 1) they generate an integer sequence. For these particular sequences, Heideman and Hogan gave a direct proof of integrality by showing that the terms of the sequence also satisfy a linear recurrence relation with constant coefficients. Here we present an analogous result for the general solution of each of these recurrences.
where
$\mathbf{dt}=dt_{1}\,dt_{2}\cdots \,dt_{n}$
or
$\mathbf{dt}=d_{q}t_{1}\,d_{q}t_{2}\cdots d_{q}t_{n}$
is the discrete measure in
$q$
-analysis. The sharp bounds for the multivariate Hausdorff operator on spaces
$L^{p}$
with power weights are calculated, where
$p\in \mathbb{R}\backslash \{0\}$
.
The Toda equation and its variants are studied in the filed of integrable systems. One particularly generalized time discretisation of the Toda equation is known as the discrete hungry Toda (dhToda) equation, which has two main variants referred to as the dhTodaI equation and dhTodaII equation. The dhToda equations have both been shown to be applicable to the computation of eigenvalues of totally nonnegative (TN) matrices, which are matrices without negative minors. The dhTodaI equation has been investigated with respect to the properties of integrable systems, but the dhTodaII equation has not. Explicit solutions using determinants and matrix representations called Lax pairs are often considered as symbolic properties of discrete integrable systems. In this paper, we clarify the determinant solution and Lax pair of the dhTodaII equation by focusing on an infinite sequence. We show that the resulting determinant solution firmly covers the general solution to the dhTodaII equation, and provide an asymptotic analysis of the general solution as discrete-time variable goes to infinity.
In this paper we present a simple (fixed point) method that yields various results concerning approximate solutions of some difference equations. The results are motivated by the notion of Ulam stability.
In this paper we establish new optimal bounds for the derivative of some discrete maximal functions, in both the centred and uncentred versions. In particular, we solve a question originally posed by Bober et al. [‘On a discrete version of Tanaka’s theorem for maximal functions’, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc.140 (2012), 1669–1680].
The aim of this work is to prove the existence of a positive almost periodic solution to a multifinite time delayed nonlinear differential equation that describes the so-called hematopoiesis model. The approach uses the Hilbert projective metric in a cone. With some additional assumptions, we construct a fixed point theorem to prove the desired existence and uniqueness of the solution.
An efficient high order numerical method is presented to solve the mobile-immobile advection-dispersion model with the Coimbra time variable-order fractional derivative, which is used to simulate solute transport in watershed catchments and rivers. On establishing an efficient recursive algorithm based on the properties of Jacobi polynomials to approximate the Coimbra variable-order fractional derivative operator, we use spectral collocation method with both temporal and spatial discretisation to solve the time variable-order fractional mobile-immobile advection-dispersion model. Numerical examples then illustrate the effectiveness and high order convergence of our approach.
We identify a close relation between stable distributions and the limiting homomorphisms central to the theory of regular variation. In so doing some simplifications are achieved in the direct analysis of these laws in Pitman and Pitman (2016); stable distributions are themselves linked to homomorphy.
A 𝔻-semiclassical weight is one which satisfies a particular linear, first-order homogeneous equation in a divided-difference operator 𝔻. It is known that the system of polynomials, orthogonal with respect to this weight, and the associated functions satisfy a linear, first-order homogeneous matrix equation in the divided-difference operator termed the spectral equation. Attached to the spectral equation is a structure which constitutes a number of relations such as those arising from compatibility with the three-term recurrence relation. Here this structure is elucidated in the general case of quadratic lattices. The simplest examples of the 𝔻-semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems are precisely those in the Askey table of hypergeometric and basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials. However within the 𝔻-semiclassical class it is entirely natural to define a generalization of the Askey table weights which involve a deformation with respect to new deformation variables. We completely construct the analogous structures arising from such deformations and their relations with the other elements of the theory. As an example we treat the first nontrivial deformation of the Askey–Wilson orthogonal polynomial system defined by the q-quadratic divided-difference operator, the Askey–Wilson operator, and derive the coupled first-order divided-difference equations characterizing its evolution in the deformation variable. We show that this system is a member of a sequence of classical solutions to the q-Painlevé system.
In this note, we prove a uniqueness theorem for finite-order meromorphic solutions to a class of difference equations of Malmquist type. Such solutions
$f$
are uniquely determined by their poles and the zeros of
$f-e_{j}$
(counting multiplicities) for two finite complex numbers
$e_{1}\neq e_{2}$
.
Conservation laws provide important constraints on the solutions of partial differential equations (PDEs), therefore it is important to preserve them when discretizing such equations. In this paper, a new systematic method for discretizing a PDE, so as to preserve the local form of multiple conservation laws, is presented. The technique, which uses symbolic computation, is applied to the Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) equation to find novel explicit and implicit schemes that have finite difference analogues of its first and second conservation laws and its first and third conservation laws. The resulting schemes are numerically compared with a multisymplectic scheme.
We study the space of linear difference equations with periodic coefficients and (anti)periodic solutions. We show that this space is isomorphic to the space of tame frieze patterns and closely related to the moduli space of configurations of points in the projective space. We define the notion of a combinatorial Gale transform, which is a duality between periodic difference equations of different orders. We describe periodic rational maps generalizing the classical Gauss map.
The primary aim of this paper is to (provide tools to) compute Galois groups of classical irregular q-difference equations. We are particularly interested in quantizations of certain differential equations that arise frequently in the mathematical and physical literature, namely confluent generalized q-hypergeometric equations and q-Kloosterman equations.
In 1971, Griffiths used a generating function to define polynomials in d variables orthogonal with respect to the multinomial distribution. The polynomials possess a duality between the discrete variables and the degree indices. In 2004, Mizukawa and Tanaka related these polynomials to character algebras and the Gelfand hypergeometric series. Using this approach, they clarified the duality and obtained a new proof of the orthogonality. In the present paper, we interpret these polynomials within the context of the Lie algebra . Our approach yields yet another proof of the orthogonality. It also shows that the polynomials satisfy d independent recurrence relations each involving d2+d+1 terms. This, combined with the duality, establishes their bispectrality. We illustrate our results with several explicit examples.