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Social Support from Developmental Contexts and Adolescent Substance Use and Well-Being: A Comparative Study of Spain and Portugal

  • Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias (a1), Inês Camacho (a2), Francisco Rivera (a1), Carmen Moreno (a1) and Margarida Gaspar de Matos (a2)...

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the contribution of social support from family, friend and school (teacher and classmate) contexts in substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) and well-being (life satisfaction and health-related quality of life). Participants were 5,784 Portuguese and 22,610 Spanish adolescents aged 11 to 16 years, from the 2014 edition of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Portugal and Spain. Results showed that for a higher life satisfaction, family (p < .001, partial η2 = .032), teacher (p < .001, partial η2 = .018) and classmate (p < .001, partial η2 = .031) support were important in Portugal, and family (p < .001, partial η2 = .056) and friend (p < .001, partial η2 = .015) support in Spain. Similarly, for a better health-related quality of life, all the social support variables were relevant in Portugal (family: p < .001, partial η2 = .063; teacher: p < .001, partial η2 = .032; classmate: p < .001, partial η2 = .054; friend: p < .001, partial η2 = .034) and in Spain (family: p < .001, partial η2 = .054; teacher: p < .001, partial η2 = .014; classmate: p < .001, partial η2 = .018; friend: p < .001, partial η2 = .040). In contrast, only family support (p < .001, partial η2 = .014) was relevant in Portugal for tobacco use. Therefore, social support was more relevant for adolescent well-being than for adolescent substance use, and the most relevant source of support was family support, in both Spain and Portugal.

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Corresponding author

*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Calle Camilo José Cela, s/n. 41018. Sevilla (Spain). Phone: +34–955420544. E-mail: amjimigl@us.es

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The HBSC study in Portugal was supported by the Direção-Geral da Saúde-Ministério da Saúde. The HBSC study in Spain was supported by the Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad; Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias’ work was supported by the V Plan Propio de Investigación de la Universidad de Sevilla 2014, under the action “II.5B Contrato de acceso al Sistema Español de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación para el Desarrollo del Programa Propio de I+D+i de la Universidad de Sevilla” and by the Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte “Programa Estatal de Promoción del Talento y su Empleabilidad en I+D+i, Subprograma Estatal de Movilidad, del Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016” (Referencia: JC2015-00399).

How to cite this article:

Jiménez-Iglesias, A., Camacho, I., Rivera, F., Moreno, C., & Matos, M. G. (2017). Social support from developmental contexts and adolescent substance use and well-being: A comparative study of Spain and Portugal. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20. e64. Doi:10.1017/sjp.2017.62

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References

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Keywords

Social Support from Developmental Contexts and Adolescent Substance Use and Well-Being: A Comparative Study of Spain and Portugal

  • Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias (a1), Inês Camacho (a2), Francisco Rivera (a1), Carmen Moreno (a1) and Margarida Gaspar de Matos (a2)...

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