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Associations between dietary inflammatory index and inflammatory markers in the Asklepios Study

  • Nitin Shivappa (a1) (a2), James R. Hébert (a1) (a2), Ernst R. Rietzschel (a3), Marc L. De Buyzere (a3), Michel Langlois (a4), Evi Debruyne (a4), Ascensión Marcos (a5) and Inge Huybrechts (a6) (a7)...

Abstract

Previous research has shown that nutrients and certain food items influence inflammation. However, little is known about the associations between diet, as a whole, and inflammatory markers. In the present study, we examined the ability of a FFQ-derived dietary inflammatory index (DII) to predict inflammation. Data from a Belgian cross-sectional study of 2524 generally healthy subjects (age 35–55 years) were used. The DII is a population-based, literature-derived dietary index that was developed to predict inflammation and inflammation-related chronic diseases. The DII was calculated from FFQ-derived dietary information and tested against inflammatory markers, namely C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6, homocysteine and fibrinogen. Analyses were performed using multivariable logistic regression, adjusting for energy, age, sex, BMI, smoking status, education level, use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, blood pressure, use of oral contraceptives, anti-hypertensive therapy, lipid-lowering drugs and physical activity. Multivariable analyses showed significant positive associations between the DII and the inflammatory markers IL-6 (>1·6 pg/ml) (OR 1·19, 95 % CI 1·04, 1·36) and homocysteine (>15 μmol/l) (OR 1·56, 95 % CI 1·25, 1·94). No significant associations were observed between the DII and the inflammatory markers CRP and fibrinogen. These results reinforce the fact that diet, as a whole, plays an important role in modifying inflammation.

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Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Professor Dr J. R. Hébert, fax +1 803 576 5624, email jhebert@sc.edu

References

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Associations between dietary inflammatory index and inflammatory markers in the Asklepios Study

  • Nitin Shivappa (a1) (a2), James R. Hébert (a1) (a2), Ernst R. Rietzschel (a3), Marc L. De Buyzere (a3), Michel Langlois (a4), Evi Debruyne (a4), Ascensión Marcos (a5) and Inge Huybrechts (a6) (a7)...

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