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The GHz-Peaked-Spectrum (GPS) radio sources are powerful (L radio ≈ 1045 erg sec–1) and compact (10–100 mas, 10–1000 parsecs) sources characterized by a simple convex spectrum which peaks near 1 GHz (O'Dea et al. 1991 and references therein).
Optical and radio observations lead to the conclusion that GPS sources are formed when the radio source is confined to the narrow line region (or an even smaller scale) by a dense and clumpy medium. This could lead to 2 different evolutionary scenarios: as first suggested by Phillips and Mutel (1982) GPS radio sources could be classical double radio sources at the very first stage of their life, or alternatively they will never become as large as the classical doubles since the dense and turbulent environment is able to confine and trap the radio emitting region on the scale of the NLR (Baum et al. 1990).