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Radiocarbon and Varve Chronologies of Annually Laminated Lake Sediments of Gościαz Lake, Central Poland

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Tomasz Goslar
Affiliation:
Radiocarbon Laboratory, Institute of Physics, Silesian Technical University, Krzywoustego 2, PL-44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Anna Pazdur
Affiliation:
Radiocarbon Laboratory, Institute of Physics, Silesian Technical University, Krzywoustego 2, PL-44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Mieczysław F Pazdur
Affiliation:
Radiocarbon Laboratory, Institute of Physics, Silesian Technical University, Krzywoustego 2, PL-44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Adam Walanus
Affiliation:
Radiocarbon Laboratory, Institute of Physics, Silesian Technical University, Krzywoustego 2, PL-44-100 Gliwice, Poland
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Abstract

A sequence of annually laminated sediments of the Gościαz Lake spans ca 13,000 yr and is actually the longest known continuous sequence in the world. 14C age measurements were performed on organic and carbonate fractions of bulk samples of laminated sediments from core GO. Accurate measurements of varve thickness performed on the lower part of cores G1 and G2 were used to establish a floating varve chronology covering ca 10,000 yr. Matching of cores GO, G1 and G2 permits comparison of 14C dates with varve chronology. Good agreement of calibrated 14C dates with the varve time scale suggests annual lamination of the sediment. Analysis of periodicities in varve thickness indicates solar 11-and 22-yr cycles, as well as a 200-yr cycle over a good part of the investigated sequence. Results of 14C measurements of carbonate fractions are used to study changes in the water depth of the lake during its history.

Type
IV. Applications
Copyright
Copyright © The American Journal of Science 

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