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Effects of Relative Deprivation on Intention to Rebel: A Multiple Mediation Model

  • Xiang-Yu Chen (a1), Xin-Qiang Wang (a1), Jian-Ping Liu (a1), Sheng-Hong Dong (a1), Jun-Cheng Zhu (a1) and Jun-Yu Huo (a1)...


This study examined the mediating effects of future social expectations and interpersonal distrust on the relationship between individual relative deprivation and intention to rebel. Data were gathered from 807 people from multiple occupational backgrounds in a municipality in southwest China. Structural equation modelling showed that individual relative deprivation predicted intention to rebel directly and also that it predicted intention to rebel indirectly via negative future social expectations, interpersonal distrust, and a chain mediating effect of negative future social expectations and interpersonal distrust. These results highlight the importance of the associations between future social expectations and interpersonal distrust with intention to rebel in people who report relative deprivation. The findings also indicate that prevention and intervention programs related to relative deprivation and intention to rebel in China are worthy of further research.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Xin-Qiang Wang, School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, No 99, Ziyang Road, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, 330022, China. Email:


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These authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.



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