Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-r5zm4 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-14T00:39:14.420Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Processing and electrochemical properties of CNT reinforced carbon nanofibers prepared by pressurized gyration

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 November 2018

Hang Zhao
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Xiaowen Wu*
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Jia Liu
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Zhaohui Huang
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Yan-gai Liu*
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Minghao Fang
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Xin Min
Affiliation:
Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
*
a)Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: xwwu@cugb.edu.cn
Get access

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were added to carbon nanofibers (CNFs) as additives to improve their electrochemical properties. In the present work, CNFs were prepared by using pressurized gyration with polyacrylonitrile as the precursor. The microstructure and electrochemical properties of samples were investigated by scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical workstation, respectively. The results showed that the network structure formed in the fiber, and the fiber diameter decreased with the increase of working pressure. The integral area of cyclic voltammetry curve reached the maximum and the charge/discharge time of constant current charge/discharge curve reached the longest in the case of the CNT concentration is 0.50 wt% and working pressure is 0.2 MPa. At the same time, it exhibited the best electrochemical performance with a specific capacitance of 79 F/g at a current density of 100 mA/g. Compared with the specific capacitance of pure CNFs, the specific capacitance of CNFs with the concentration of CNTs 0.50 wt% increased by about 40%.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Xiong, C., Li, X., Hou, T., and Yang, B.: Stability and spinnability of modified melamine-formaldehyde resin solution for centrifugal spinning. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 135, 46072 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, J., Zhang, Z., Lu, B., Mei, S., Xu, Q., and Liu, F.: Research on parametric model for polycaprolactone nanofiber produced by centrifugal spinning. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 40, 186 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banerjee, P.C., Lobo, D.E., Williams, T., Shaibani, M., Hill, M.R., and Majumder, M.: Graphitic carbon nanofiber growth from catalytic-metal organic frameworks & their electrochemical double layer properties. J. Mater. Chem. A 5, 25338 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loordhuswamy, A.M., Krishnaswamy, V.R., Korrapati, P.S., Thinakaran, S., and Rengaswami, G.D.V.: Fabrication of highly aligned fibrous scaffolds for tissue regeneration by centrifugal spinning technology. Mater. Sci. Eng., C 42, 799 (2014).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hammami, M.A., Krifa, M., and Harzallah, O.: Centrifugal force spinning of PA6 nanofibers—Processability and morphology of solution-spun fibers. J. Text. Inst. 105, 637 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mahalingam, S. and Edirisinghe, M.: Forming of polymer nanofibers by a pressurised gyration process. Macromol. Rapid Commun. 34, 1134 (2013).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhmayev, Y., Divvela, M.J., Ruo, A-C., Huang, T., and Joo, Y.L.: The jetting behavior of viscoelastic Boger fluids during centrifugal spinning. Phys. Fluids 27, 4140 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wu, X., Mahalingam, S., Amir, A., Porwal, H., Reece, M.J., Naglieri, V., Colombo, P., and Edirisinghe, M.: Novel preparation, microstructure, and properties of polyacrylonitrile-based carbon nanofiber–graphene nanoplatelet materials. ACS Omega 1, 202 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xu, W., Xia, L., Zhou, X-h., Xi, P., Cheng, B-w., and Liang, Y-x.: Hollow carbon microfibres fabricated using coaxial centrifugal spinning. Micro Nano Lett. 11, 74 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heseltine, P.L., Ahmed, J., and Edirisinghe, M.: Developments in pressurized gyration for the mass production of polymeric fibers. Macromol. Mater. Eng. 303, 1800218 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, G., Du, X., Zhang, M., Zhou, C., Chen, J., and Liu, F.: Fabrication of zirconia fibers by a sol–gel combined rotational centrifugal spinning technique. Trans. Indian Ceram. Soc. 73, 228 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, J., Tang, S., Syed, J.A., Su, D., and Meng, X.: High-performance asymmetric supercapacitors based on reduced graphene oxide/polyaniline composite electrodes with sandwich-like structure. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 34, 1103 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, F., Zhou, J., Wang, S., Wang, B., Shen, C., Wang, L., Hu, Q., Huang, Q., and Zhou, A.: Preparation of high-purity V2C MXene and electrochemical properties as Li-ion batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc. 164, A709 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Z., Wei, C., Gong, Y., Lv, J., Xu, Z., Hu, J., and Du, L.: Preparation and electrochemical performances of cellulose nanofiber/graphene nanosheet/polyaniline composite film via in situ polymerization. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 12, 6662 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deng, K., Liu, X., Li, C., and Huang, H.: Sensitive electrochemical sensing platform for microRNAs detection based on shortened multi-walled carbon nanotubes with high-loaded thionin. Biosens. Bioelectron. 117, 168 (2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ohata, Y., Yun, J., Miyamae, R., Kim, T., Kim, J., Seo, M-H., Kitajo, A., Miyawaki, J., Okada, S., and Yoon, S-H.: TiO2-entrained tubular carbon nanofiber and its electrochemical properties in the rechargeable Na-ion battery system. Appl. Therm. Eng. 72, 309 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Agyemang, F.O., Tomboc, G.M., Kwofie, S., and Kim, H.: Electrospun carbon nanofiber-carbon nanotubes coated polyaniline composites with improved electrochemical properties for supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 259, 1110 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ra, E.J., An, K.H., Kim, K.K., Jeong, S.Y., and Lee, Y.H.: Anisotropic electrical conductivity of MWCNT/PAN nanofiber paper. Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 188 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kshetri, T., Tran Duy, T., Singh, S.B., Kim, N.H., and Lee, J.H.: Hierarchical material of carbon nanotubes grown on carbon nanofibers for high performance electrochemical capacitor. Chem. Eng. J. 345, 39 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhou, Y., Jin, P., Zhou, Y., and Zhu, Y.: High-performance symmetric supercapacitors based on carbon nanotube/graphite nanofiber nanocomposites. Sci. Rep. 8, 9005 (2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
An, G-H., Ahn, H-J., and Hong, W-K.: Electrochemical properties for high surface area and improved electrical conductivity of platinum-embedded porous carbon nanofibers. J. Power Sources 274, 536 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karim-Nezhad, G., Sarkary, A., Khorablou, Z., and Dorraji, P.S.: Synergistic effect of ZnO nanoparticles and carbon nanotube and polymeric film on electrochemical oxidation of acyclovir. Iran. J. Pharm. Res. 17, 52 (2018).Google ScholarPubMed
Gholivand, M-B., Akbari, A., and Norouzi, L.: Development of a novel hollow fiber-pencil graphite modified electrochemical sensor for the ultra-trace analysis of glyphosate. Sens. Actuators, B 272, 415 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mosleh, M., Ghoreishi, S.M., Masoum, S., and Khoobi, A.: Determination of quercetin in the presence of tannic acid in soft drinks based on carbon nanotubes modified electrode using chemometric approaches. Sens. Actuators, B 272, 605 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, X., Yang, H., Guo, J., Zhao, S., Gong, S., Du, X., and Zhang, F.: Nitrogen-doped hollow porous carbon nanospheres coated with MnO2 nanosheets as excellent sulfur hosts for Li–S batteries. Nanotechnology 28, 475401 (2017).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hu, F., Zhang, W., Zhang, J., Zhang, Q., Sheng, T., and Gu, Y.: An electrochemical biosensor for sensitive detection of microRNAs based on target-recycled non-enzymatic amplification. Sens. Actuators, B 271, 15 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, H., Min, X., Wu, X., Wang, H., Liu, J., Zhang, Z., Huang, Z., Liu, Y-g., and Fang, M.: Microstructure and electrochemical properties of polyacrylonitrile-based carbon micro- and nanofibers fabricated by centrifugal spinning. Chem. Phys. Lett. 684, 14 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhi, X. and Zhou, H.: Optimizing the preparation conditions of polypyrrole electrodes for enhanced electrochemical capacitive performances. Chem. Pap. 72, 2513 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, Q., Zhu, Y.Q., and Eichhorn, S.J.: Structural supercapacitors using a solid resin electrolyte with carbonized electrospun cellulose/carbon nanotube electrodes. J. Mater. Sci. 53, 14598 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, D., Shao, Y., Kong, X., Jiang, M., and Lei, X.: Hierarchical carbon-decorated Fe3O4 on hollow CuO nanotube array: Fabrication and used as negative material for ultrahigh-energy density hybrid supercapacitor. Chem. Eng. J. 349, 491 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, L., Xu, C., Yang, L., Zhou, M., He, B., Chen, Z., Li, Z., Shi, M., Hou, Z., and Kuang, Y.: Nitrogen-doped holey carbon nanotubes: Dual polysulfides trapping effect towards enhanced lithium-sulfur battery performance. Appl. Surf. Sci. 454, 284 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, Y., Lu, Q., Huang, Z., Sun, S., Yu, B., Evariste, U., Jiang, G., and Yao, J.: Electrodeposition of Ni–Co–S nanosheet arrays on N-doped porous carbon nanofibers for flexible asymmetric supercapacitors. J. Alloys Compd. 762, 301 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jiao, Z., Wu, Q., and Qiu, J.: Preparation and electrochemical performance of hollow activated carbon fiber - carbon nanotubes three-dimensional self-supported electrode for supercapacitor. Mater. Des. 154, 239 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yin, H., Yu, X-X., Yu, Y-W., Cao, M-L., Zhao, H., Li, C., and Zhu, M-Q.: Tellurium nanotubes grown on carbon fiber cloth as cathode for flexible all-solid-state lithium-tellurium batteries. Electrochim. Acta 282, 870 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, L., Xu, X., Cui, F., Qiu, Q., Chen, X., and Xu, J.: Au nanoparticles-ZnO composite nanotubes using natural silk fibroin fiber as template for electrochemical non-enzymatic sensing of hydrogen peroxide. Anal. Biochem. 554, 1 (2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hajalilou, A., Etemadifar, R., Abbasi-Chianeh, V., and Abouzari-Lotf, E.: Electrophoretically-deposited nano-Fe3O4@carbon 3D structure on carbon fiber as high-performance supercapacitors. J. Electron. Mater. 47, 4807 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lei, R., Ni, H., Chen, R., Gu, H., and Zhang, B.: Electrochemical analysis of ascorbic acid and uric acid on defect-engineered carbon nanotube networks with increased exposure of graphitic edge planes. Electrochem. Commun. 93, 20 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ibanez, D., Gomez, E., Valles, E., Colina, A., and Heras, A.: Spectroelectrochemical monitoring of contaminants during the electrochemical filtration process using free-standing carbon nanotube filters. Electrochim. Acta 280, 17 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Patil, B., Ahn, S., Yu, S., Song, H., Jeong, Y., Kim, J.H., and Ahn, H.: Electrochemical performance of a coaxial fiber-shaped asymmetric supercapacitor based on nanostructured MnO2/CNT-web paper and Fe2O3/carbon fiber electrodes. Carbon 134, 366 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stoller, M.D. and Ruoff, R.S.: Best practice methods for determining an electrode material’s performance for ultracapacitors. Energy Environ. Sci. 3, 1294 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar