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Reviewing biodiversity and epidemiological aspects of anisakid nematodes from the North-east Atlantic Ocean

  • S. Mattiucci (a1), P. Cipriani (a1) (a2), M. Paoletti (a2), A. Levsen (a3) and G. Nascetti (a2)...

Abstract

This review provides an inventory of the biodiversity of the anisakid species identified so far from fish and marine mammals of the NE Atlantic Ocean. The paper reviews and discusses various taxonomical and epidemiological aspects related to biodiversity assessment, with emphasis on: (1) taxa recognized as ‘biological species’ based on molecular/genetic markers; (2) current molecular/genetic approaches to identify the species at different developmental stages; (3) ecological data related to the actual geographical distribution and definitive host preferences of the species; (4) their distribution in various, commercially important fish species in northern European waters; (5) their possible occurrence in farmed fish; and, finally, (6) an update of their zoonotic potential as causative agents of anisakidosis in humans.

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