Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-8bljj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-18T12:26:27.107Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Population incidence and the control of maize stalk-borers Chilo partellus (Swinh.), C. orichalcociliellus Strand and Sesamia calamistis Hmps, in Coast Province, Kenya

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2011

C. M. Warui
Coast Agricultural Research Station P.O. Box 16, Kikambala, Mombasa, Kenya
J. N. Kuria
Coast Agricultural Research Station P.O. Box 16, Kikambala, Mombasa, Kenya
Get access


Three years work at Mtwapa Research Station summarises the fluctuation of Chilo spp. and Sesamia spp. Chilo partellus has been been shown to be just as important as C. orichalcociliellus nearer the coast, but Sesamia calamistis becomes important towards the second growing season.

The loss caused by these borers to maize plants in the field has been estimated to be high when no chemical treatment is applied, but such a loss varies with the intensity of infestation. Control of the borers by cultural methods relies on planting maize at the onset of rains. Selected chemical treatment at the appropriate time reduces the loss by about 20%.

Research Articles
Copyright © ICIPE 1983

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Adeyemi, S. A. O. (1969) The survival of stem-borer population in maize stubbles Bull. Ent. Soc. Nigeria 2, 1522.Google Scholar
Anderson, T. J. (1929) Control of maize stalk-borers; Bull. Dep. Agric. Kenya. 7, 5 pp.Google Scholar
Coaker, T. H. (1956) An experiment on maize stalk-borer control on maize. E. Afr. agric. J. 21, 220221.Google Scholar
Duerden, J. C. (1953) Stemborer of cereal crops at Kongwa, Tanganyika, 1950–52. E. Afr. agric. J. 5, 104119.Google Scholar
Gupta, B. M., Shinde, V. K. R. and Sharma, S. K. (1980) Chemical control of Chilo partellus in fodder sorghum. Entomon Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 3537.Google Scholar
Hargreaves, H. (1939) Notes on some pests of maize and millets in Uganda. E. Afr. agr. For. J. 5, 104109.Google Scholar
Ingram, W. R. (1958) The lepidopterous stalk-borers associated with Graminae in Uganda. Bull. ent. Res. 49, 367383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jotwani, M. G. (1979) Increasing sorghum production by chemical control of insect pests Div. Ent. Ind. Agric. Res. Inst. 134, 5657.Google Scholar
Jotwani, M. G., Strivastava, K. P., Kundu, G. G., Kishore, P. and Sukhani, T. R. (1978) Management of stem-borers Chilo partellus Swinhoe infesting sorghum through the use of resistant varieties and chemical control. J. ent. Res. 22, 203205.Google Scholar
Khan, M. R. and Khan, B. M. (1969) Biology and control of maize stem-borer C. partellus in Peshmar. Sci. Ind. 1969. 6, 2430.Google Scholar
Kishore, P. and Jotwani, M. G. (1977) Efficacy of leaf whorl placement of insecticidal dust against Chilo partellus Swinhoe Ent. Newsletter 7, 30.Google Scholar
Kundu, G. G., Kushwaha, K. S. and Sharma, J. S. (1978) Feasibility of integrated control against insect pests of sorghum. Indian J. Ent. 39, 294297.Google Scholar
Mathez, F. C. (1972) Chilo partellus Swinh.; C. orichalcociliellus Strand (Lepidoptera; Crambidae) and Sesamia calamistis Hmps. (Lepidoptera Noctuidae) on maize in the Coast Province, Kenya. Mitt, schweiz ent. Ges. 45, 267289.Google Scholar
Mohyuddin, A. I. and Attique, M. R. (1978) An assessment of loss caused by Chilo partellus to maize in Pakistan. PANS 24, 111113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Noor, A. and Pareek, B. H. (1978) Relative effect of some insecticidal treatment on control of the maize stemborer. Ent. 1978. 3, 193196.Google Scholar
Nye, I. W. B. (1960) The insect pests of graminaceous crops in East Africa. Colon Res. Stud. 31, 48 pp.Google Scholar
Sandhu, G. S. and Chahal, N. S. (1980) Comparison of different chemical methods for the control of C. partellus on maize. Ind. J. Ent. 43, 408413.Google Scholar
Sarup, P., Pamear, V. P. S., Marwaha, K. K. and Siddiqui, K. H. (1978) Management of maize pests with particular reference to the stalk-borer Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) under resource constraint. J. ent. Res. 2, 514.Google Scholar
Scheltez, P. (1978) Ecological and Physiological Aspects of Aestivation—Diapause in the Larvae of Two Pyralid Stalk-Borers of Maize in Kenya. Landbourwhogeschool, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 110 pp.Google Scholar
Sharma, V. K. (1976) Studies on the feasibility of integrated control for maize stalk-borer, C. partellus (Swinhoe). Entomologists Newsletter Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 1718.Google Scholar
Srivastava, K. P. and Jotwani, M. G. (1979) Persistence and residues of carbofuran, disulfaton and endosulfan used for the control of major pests of sorghum crop. J. ent. Res. 3, 148156.Google Scholar
Sukhani, T. R. and Jotwani, M. G. (1977) A new approach for the control of sorghum stem-borer Chilo partellus Swinhoe. Ent. Newsletter 7.9/10, 4344.Google Scholar
Usua, E. J. (1973) Induction of diapause in the maize stalkborer, Busseola fusca. Entomological Exp. at Applicata. 16, 332–328.Google Scholar
Venugopal, M. S., Mani, M. and Balasubramanim, M. (1979) Comparative toxicity of certain granular insecticides to stem-borer Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) infesting sorghum. Ind. J. Pl. Prof. 5, 148152.Google Scholar
Wheatley, P. E. (1961) The insect pests of agriculture in the Coast Province of Kenya. Maize and sorghum E. Afr. Agric. for. Jour. 27, 105107.Google Scholar