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Injury Assessment of Individuals Wounded in the Lushan Earthquake and the Emergency Department Workload: A Corresponding Correlation Study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 September 2020

Shiyuan Tang
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Fen Ni
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Qingdao Municipal Hospital Group, Qingdao, Shandong, China
Hai Hu
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Xiaojiong Du
Affiliation:
Vascular Surgery Department, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Shuheng Zhu
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Cheng Du University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Haoyuan Wang
Affiliation:
Clinical School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Zhendong Niu
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Yarong He
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Yu Cao*
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
*
Correspondence and reprint requests to Prof Yu Cao, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan610041, China (email: ddtt7441@163.com).

Abstract

Objective:

In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between the trauma score of individuals wounded in the Lushan earthquake and emergency workload for treatment. We further created a trauma score-emergency workload calculation model.

Methods:

We included data from patients wounded in the Lushan earthquake and treated at West China Hospital, Sichuan University. We calculated scores per the following models separately: Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Prehospital Index (PHI), Circulation Respiration Abdominal Movement Speech (CRAMS), Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (TISS-28), and Nursing Activities Score (NAS). We assessed the association between values for CRAMS, PHI, and RTS and those for TISS-28 and NAS. Subsequently, we built a trauma score-emergency workload calculation model to quantitative workload estimation.

Results:

Significant correlations were observed for all pairs of trauma scoring models with emergency workload scoring models. TISS-28 score was significantly associated with PHI score and RTS; however, no significant correlation was observed between the TISS-28 score and CRAMS score.

Conclusions:

CRAMS, PHI, and RTS were consistent in evaluating the injury condition of wounded individuals; TISS-28 and NAS scores were consistent in evaluating the required treatment workload. Dynamic changes in emergency workload in unit time were closely associated with wounded patient visits.

Type
Brief Report
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.

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