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Although implanted cardiac devices improve patients’ physical health, long-term psychosocial effects especially in the paediatric population are still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychosocial effects of cardiac devices in a paediatric population.
Pediatric Quality of Life Questionnaire (PedsQoL) was used to evaluate life quality, Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale was used to evaluate resilience and Brief Symptom Inventory was used to evaluate psychiatric symptoms in a paediatric population with cardiac devices.
Seventy-one patients were enrolled in the study. Fifty of them (70.5%) had a cardiac pacemaker and 21 of them (29.5%) had implantable cardioverter defibrillator. When compared to the control group both implantable cardioverter defibrillator and pacemaker using patients had lower quality of life (79.5 ± 12.4 versus 86.7 ± 12.1, p = 0.001) but no difference was observed in resilience and psychological pathologies. Age, gender, family size, and education level had no effect on quality of life. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator bearing patients had higher levels of anxiety than pacemaker patients (0.58 versus 0.30 p = 0.045), and implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients who had received shock in the last year had higher levels of somatisation than the group that did not receive device shock (0.17 versus 0.44 p = 0.022).
In conclusion study showed that cardiac devices have negative effects on the psychosocial health of children. Cardiologist working with these patients should be aware of these pathologies and monitor not only physical health but also psychosocial health too.
Regular evaluation of physical capacity takes a crucial part in long-term follow-up in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study aims to examine the accuracy of self-estimated exercise capacity compared to objective assessments by cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with CHD of various complexity.
We conducted a single centre, cross-sectional study with retrospective analysis on 382 patients aged 8–68 years with various CHD who completed cardiopulmonary exercise tests. Peak oxygen uptake was measured. Additionally, questionnaires covering self-estimation of exercise capacity were completed. Peak oxygen uptake was compared to patient’s self-estimated exercise capacity with focus on differences between complex and non-complex defects.
Peak oxygen uptake was 25.5 ± 7.9 ml/minute/kg, corresponding to 75.1 ± 18.8% of age- and sex-specific reference values. Higher values of peak oxygen uptake were seen in patients with higher subjective rating of exercise capacity. However, oxygen uptake in patients rating their exercise capacity as good (mean oxygen uptake 78.5 ± 1.6%) or very good (mean oxygen uptake 84.8 ± 4.8%) was on average still reduced compared to normal. In patients with non-complex cardiac defects, we saw a significant correlation between peak oxygen uptake and self-estimated exercise capacity (spearman-rho −0.30, p < 0.001), whereas in patients with complex cardiac defects, no correlation was found (spearman-rho −0.11, p < 0.255).
The mismatch between self-estimated and objectively assessed exercise capacity is most prominent in patients with complex CHD.
Registration number at Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin Ethics Committee: EA2/106/14.
We present a case of an 18-year-old male with large anterior muscular ventricular septal defect. Assessment by echocardiography showed that the defect has completely closed by the growth of muscle bundles that formed a pouch-like structure on the right ventricular side. This unusual mechanism of closure has been reported in one prior case report. In our report, we present images obtained by three-dimensional echocardiography.
Patients with a significant left-to-right shunt at ventricular level may become inoperable at an early age due to irreversible pulmonary vascular disease. On the other hand, even suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension due to mitral stenosis remains treatable. We report a 24-year-old patient with large ventricular septal defect, severe mitral stenosis and cyanosis who improved after surgical correction of both the lesions. This emphasises the importance of additional post-capillary pulmonary hypertension in Eisenmenger syndrome.
Transcatheter closure of a multi-hole perimembranous ventricular septal defect with an aneurysm is challenging. Specific ventricular septal defect closure devices have been developed, but some occluders are reportedly used in an off-label manner. This report describes a child who had a multi-hole perimembranous ventricular septal defect with an aneurysm and underwent successful transcatheter closure using two different occluders: the Occlutech Duct Occluder (Occlutech, Helsingborg, Sweden) and the Amplatzer Duct Occluder II (St. Jude Medical, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America). Transcatheter closure of a multi-hole perimembranous ventricular septal defect with an aneurysm using these two different devices can be performed safely by an experienced interventionist in selected patients.
This is the first attempt to use a temporary occluder to close a giant perimembranous ventricular septal defect (32 mm), which obtains clinical evidence of good haemodynamics in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension. This may provide an alternative assessment to guide cardiac surgeons in determining a definitive treatment.
Left aortic arch with right descending aorta is a rare congenital anomaly. We describe the clinical presentation of this unusual anomaly associated with cardiorespiratory compromise from severe aortic obstruction and left main bronchus compression. The anatomical peculiarities, embryological basis, and surgical solutions are presented.