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Electric Field Induced Carbon Nanostructures for Electronics and High Surface Areaapplications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

Chao Hsun Lin
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan Photoetching Lab., Materials Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 310, Taiwan
Shu Hsing Lee
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan Photoetching Lab., Materials Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 310, Taiwan
Chih Ming Hsu
Affiliation:
Photoetching Lab., Materials Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 310, Taiwan
Ming Her Tsai
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
Cheng Tzu Kuo
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
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Abstract

Strong influence of the applied or self-induced (i.e. self-biasing) electric field on the alignment, orientation and structures was found in the carbon nano-structure deposition process. This study applied microwave-plasma electron-cyclotron-resonance CVD (ECR-CVD) technique for carbon nano-structure deposition. The deposited structures and properties were characterized with SEM and field emission I–V measurements. The result shows that a negative dc bias applied on the substrate is a necessary condition. In this condition, all carbon nanostructures were well aligned and perpendicular to the substrate surfaces and independent to the plasma/gas flowing directions. Interestingly, when applied an additional electric field near the substrate surface by a guiding metal plate, the CNT growth direction could be manipulated from perpendicular to nearly parallel to the substrate surface. Moreover, a rattan-like CNT would form when prolonging the deposition time or increasing the plasma carbon concentration. These novel nanostructures are expected to have high potential in energy storage, field emission display, nanoelectronics and gas sensing applications accordingly.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003

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