In this, the third, part we present a complete asymptotic analysis of the distribution of velocity and electric potential in an electrically conducting liquid between two circular electrodes of finite diameter, 2b, when a current is passed between them. The electrodes are set opposite to each other in insulating planes, a distance 2a apart, and a magnetic field is applied perpendicular to these planes.
The asymptotic solution is obtained under the restriction that the Hartmann number M satisfies both the conditions M [Gt ] 1 and M½l [Gt ] 1, where l = b/a. It enables us to calculate the distribution of velocity and electrical potential throughout the flow field, and provides an expansion for the resistance R between the electrodes in descending powers of M½l, which is correct provided terms of order M−1 and (lM½)−3 are neglected. Comparison of the theoretical results with experiment shows good agreement in the measurements of R and in the direct probe measurements of electrical potential within the fluid. This is one of the first experiments in which direct probe measurements of an MHD flow, as well as external measurements, have provided such a satisfactory confirmation of the theory. Direct measurements of the velocity, by means of a Pitot tube as in part 2, or by means of a hot-film anemometer undertaken by Malcolm (1968), agree less well with the theory.