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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: June 2017

Chapter 9 - Non-Neoplastic Diseases of Salivary Glands

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1.Tucker, AS. Salivary gland development. Semin Cell Dev Biol 2007; 18: 237244.
2.Gruber, W. Congenital mangel beider glandulae submaxillaries bei einem wohlgebildeten, erwachsenen [congenital lack of both submandibular glands in adults]. Arch Pathol Anat 1885; 109: 911.
3.Myers, MA, Youngberg, RA, Bauman, JM. Congenital absence of the major salivary glands and impaired lacrimal secretions in a child: case report. J Am Dent Assoc 1994; 125: 210212.
4.Matsuda, C, Matsui, Y, Ohno, K, and Michi, K. Salivary gland aplasia with cleft lip and palate. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Radiol Endod 1999; 87: 394599.
5.Milunsky, JM, Zhao, G, Maher, TA, et al. LADD syndrome is caused by FGF10 mutations. Clin Genet 2006; 69: 349354.
6.Ferriera, AP, Gomez, RS, Castro, WH, et al. Congenital absence of lacrimal puncta and salivary glands: report of Brazilian family and review. Am J Med Genet 2000; 94: 3236.
7.Kwon, SY, Jung, EJ, Kim, SH, Kin, TK. A case of major salivary gland agenesis. Acta Otolarygol 2006; 126: 219222.
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26.Edwards, PC, Bhuiya, T, Kahn, LB, et al. Salivary heterotopia of the parathyroid gland: a report of two cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Radiol Endod 2005; 99(5): 590593.
27.Corell, RW, Jensen, JL, Rhyne, RR. Lingual cortical mandibular defects: a radiographic incidence study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1980; 50(3): 287291.
28.Shimizu, M, Osa, N, Okamura, K, et al. CT analysis of the Stafne’s bone defects of the mandible. Dermatomaxillofac Radiol 2006; 35(2): 95102.
29.Chen, CH, Hsu, SS, Lai, PH, et al. Intrasellar symptomatic salivary gland rest. J Chin Med Assoc 2007; 70(5): 215217.
30.Curry, B, Taylor, CW, Fisher, AW. Salivary gland heterotopia: a unique cerebellopontine angle tumor. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1982; 106(1): 3538.
31.Feigin, GA, Robinson, B, Marchevsky, A. Mixed tumor of the mediastinum. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1986; 110(1): 8081.
32.Downs Kelley, E, Hoschar, AP, Prayson, RA. Salivary gland heterotopia in the rectum. Ann Diag Pathol 2003; 7(2): 124126.
33.Marwah, S, Berman, ML. Ectopic salivary gland in the vulva (choristoma): a report of a case and review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol 1980; 56(3): 389391.
34.Dikman, SH, Toker, C. Seromucinous gland ectopia within the prostate stroma. J Urol 1973; 109(5): 852854.
35.Correll, RW, Jensen, JL, Rhyne, RR. Lingual cortical mandibular defects: a radiographic incidence study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1980; 50(3): 287291.
36.Stafne, EC. Bone cavities situated near the angle of the mandible. J Am Dent Assoc 1942; 29: 19691972.
37.Choukas, NC, Toto, PD. Etiology of static bone defects of the mandible. J Oral Surg Anesth Hosp Dent Serv 1960; 18: 1620.
38.Bouquot, JE, Gnepp, DR, Dardick, I, et al. Jawbone examples of choristomas, hamartomas, embryonic rests, and inflammatory entrapment: another histogenetic source of for intraosseous adenocarcinoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000; 90(2): 205217.
39.Taylor, GD, Martin, HF. Salivary gland tissue in middle ear. A rare tumor. Arch Otolaryngol 1961; 73: 651653.
40.Ookouchi, Y, Honda, N, Gyo, K. Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear of a child: a case report. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2003; 128(1): 160162.
41.Hanson, JR, Anson, BJ, Strickland, EM. Branchial sources of the auditory ossicles in man. II. Observation of embryonic stages from 7 mm to 28 mm. (CR length). Arch Otolaryngol 1962; 76: 200215.
42.Saeger, KL, Gruskin, P, Carberry, JN. Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1982; 106(1): 3940.
43.Saeed, YM, Bassis, ML. Mixed tumor of the middle ear. A case report. Arch Otolaryngol 1971; 93(4): 433434.
44.Haemel, A, Gnepp, DR, Carlsten, J, et al. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the neck. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008; 58(2): 251256.
45.Youngs, LA, Scofield, HH. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the lower neck. Arch Pathology 1967; 83(6): 550556.
46.Davis, BP. Pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis with emphasis on salivary gland involvement. J Dent Res 1987; 66: 667671.
47.Mandel, ID, Kutcher, A, Denning, CR, et al. Salivary studies in cystic fibrosis. Am J Dis Child 1967; 113(4): 431438.
48.Tandler, B. Salivary gland changes in disease. J Dent Res 1987; 66(2): 398406.
49.Gnepp, DR. Sebacous carcinoma. In: Barnes, L, Eveson, JW, Reichart, P, Sidransky, D, eds. World Health Organization Classifications of Tumours: Pathology and Genetics of Head and Neck Tumors. Lyon: IARC Press, 2005: 231.
50.Gnepp, DR, Brannon, R. Sebaceous neoplasms of salivary gland origin. Report of 21 cases. Cancer 1984; 53: 21552170.
51.Saleh, HA, Ram, B, Harmse, JL, et al. Lipomatosis of the minor salivary glands. J Laryngal Otol 1998; 112: 895897.
52.Krolls, SO, Trodahl, JN, Boyers, RC. Salivary gland lesions in children. A survey of 430 cases. Cancer 1972; 30: 459469.
53.Walts, AE, Perzik, SL. Lipomatous lesions of the parotid area. Arch Otolaryngol 1976;102: 230232.
54.Seifert, G. Lipomatous cystic pancreas fibrosis and lipomatous pancreas atrophy in childhood. Beitr Pathol Anat 1959; 121: 6480.
55.Chikui, T, Yonetsu, K, Yoshiura, K, et al. Imaging findings of lipomas in the oropharyngeal region with CT, US and MRI. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1997; 84: 8895.
56.Smith, SR, Shneider, BL, Magid, M, et al. Minor salivary gland biopsy in neonatal hemochromatosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2004; 130(6): 760763.
57.Vaiopoulos, G, Konstantopolous, K, Kittas, C, et al. Histological and functional changes in salivary glands in thalassemia major. Haematologia (Budap) 1995; 27(1): 3338.
58.Ward-Booth, P, Ferguson, MM, Macdonald, DG. Salivary gland involvement in hemochromatosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1981; 51(5): 487748.
59.Kyle, RA, Greipp, PR. Amyloidosis (AL). Clinical and laboratory features in 229 cases. Mayo Clin Proc 1983; 58(10): 665683.
60.Browning, MJ, Banks, RA, Tribe, CR, et al. Ten years experience of an amyloid clinic – a clinicopathological survey. Q J Med 1985; 54(215): 213227.
61.Andersson Gare, B. Juvenile arthritis: who gets it and when? A review of current data on incidence and prevalence. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1999; 17: 367374.
62.Delgado, WA, Mosqueda, A. A highly sensitive method for diagnosis of secondary amyloidosis by labial salivary gland biopsy. J Oral Pathol Med 1989; 18(5): 310314.
63.Hachulla, E, Janin, A, Flipo, RM, et al. Labial salivary gland biopsy is a reliable test for the diagnosis of primary and secondary amyloidosis. A Prospective clinical and immunologic study in 59 patients. Atheritis Rheum 1993; 36(5): 691697.
64.Oliveira, DT, Consolaro, A, Freitas, FJ. Histopathological spectrum of 112 cases of mucocele. Braz Dent J 1993; 4: 2936.
65.Yamasoba, T, Tayama, N, Syogi, M, et al. Clinicostatistical study of lower lip mucoceles. Head Neck 1990; 12: 316320.
66.Harrison, JD. Salivary mucoceles. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1975; 39: 268278.
67.Jimbu, Y, Kusama, M, Itoh, H, et al. Mucocele of the glands of Blandin-Nuhn: clinical and histopathologic analysis of 26 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003; 95: 467470.
68.Baurmash, HD. Mucoceles and ranulas. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 61: 369378.
69.Eversole, LR. Oral sialocysts. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987; 113(1): 5156.
70.Eveson, JW. Superficial mucoceles. Pitfall in clinical and microscopic diagnosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1988; 6(3): 318322.
71.Barmash, HD. Mucoceles and Ranulas. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 61: 369378.
72.Bernier, JL, Bashkar, SN. Lymphoepithelial lesions of salivary glands; histogenesis and classification based on 186 cases. Cancer 1958; 11: 11561179.
73.Stewarts, S, Levy, R, Karpel, J and Stoopack, J. Lymphoepithelial (branchial) cyst of the parotid gland. J Oral Surg 1974; 32: 100106.
74.Chaudhry, AP, Yamane, GM, Scharlock, SE, et al. A clinicopathological study of intraoral lymphoepithelial cysts. J Oral Med 1984; 39: 7984.
75.Schiodt, M. HIV associated salivary gland disease: a review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1992; 73: 164167.
76.Terry, JH, Loree, TR, Thomas, MD, Marti, JR. Major salivary gland lymphoepithelial lesions and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Surg 1991; 162: 324329.
77.Chaves, IN, Carvalho, FS, Pereira, KM, et al. Salivary duct cyst in the upper lip. Case report and review of the literature. Indian J Microbio 2013; 56: 163165.
78.Chi, AC, Lambert, PR, Richardson, MS. Oral mucoceles: a clinicopathologic review of 1824 cases, including unusual variants. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2011; 69: 10861093.
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21.Brannon, RB, Houston, GD, Wampler, HW. Gingival salivary gland choristoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1986; 61(2): 185188.
22.Braun, GA, Lowry, LD, Meyers, A. Bilateral choristomas of the external auditory canals. Arch Otolaryngol 1978; 104(8): 467470.
23.Youngs, LA, Schofield, HH. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the lower neck. Arch Pathol 1967; 83(6): 550556.
24.Warnock, GR, Jensen, JL, Kratochvil, FJ. Developmental diseases. In: Ellis, GL, Auclair, PL, Gnepp, DR, eds. Surgical Pathology of the Salivary Glands. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1991: 1014.
25.Cameselle-Teijeiro, J, Varela-Duran, J. Intrathyroid salivary gland type tissue in multinodular goiter. Virchow Arch 1994; 425(3): 331334.
26.Edwards, PC, Bhuiya, T, Kahn, LB, et al. Salivary heterotopia of the parathyroid gland: a report of two cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Radiol Endod 2005; 99(5): 590593.
27.Corell, RW, Jensen, JL, Rhyne, RR. Lingual cortical mandibular defects: a radiographic incidence study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1980; 50(3): 287291.
28.Shimizu, M, Osa, N, Okamura, K, et al. CT analysis of the Stafne’s bone defects of the mandible. Dermatomaxillofac Radiol 2006; 35(2): 95102.
29.Chen, CH, Hsu, SS, Lai, PH, et al. Intrasellar symptomatic salivary gland rest. J Chin Med Assoc 2007; 70(5): 215217.
30.Curry, B, Taylor, CW, Fisher, AW. Salivary gland heterotopia: a unique cerebellopontine angle tumor. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1982; 106(1): 3538.
31.Feigin, GA, Robinson, B, Marchevsky, A. Mixed tumor of the mediastinum. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1986; 110(1): 8081.
32.Downs Kelley, E, Hoschar, AP, Prayson, RA. Salivary gland heterotopia in the rectum. Ann Diag Pathol 2003; 7(2): 124126.
33.Marwah, S, Berman, ML. Ectopic salivary gland in the vulva (choristoma): a report of a case and review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol 1980; 56(3): 389391.
34.Dikman, SH, Toker, C. Seromucinous gland ectopia within the prostate stroma. J Urol 1973; 109(5): 852854.
35.Correll, RW, Jensen, JL, Rhyne, RR. Lingual cortical mandibular defects: a radiographic incidence study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1980; 50(3): 287291.
36.Stafne, EC. Bone cavities situated near the angle of the mandible. J Am Dent Assoc 1942; 29: 19691972.
37.Choukas, NC, Toto, PD. Etiology of static bone defects of the mandible. J Oral Surg Anesth Hosp Dent Serv 1960; 18: 1620.
38.Bouquot, JE, Gnepp, DR, Dardick, I, et al. Jawbone examples of choristomas, hamartomas, embryonic rests, and inflammatory entrapment: another histogenetic source of for intraosseous adenocarcinoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000; 90(2): 205217.
39.Taylor, GD, Martin, HF. Salivary gland tissue in middle ear. A rare tumor. Arch Otolaryngol 1961; 73: 651653.
40.Ookouchi, Y, Honda, N, Gyo, K. Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear of a child: a case report. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2003; 128(1): 160162.
41.Hanson, JR, Anson, BJ, Strickland, EM. Branchial sources of the auditory ossicles in man. II. Observation of embryonic stages from 7 mm to 28 mm. (CR length). Arch Otolaryngol 1962; 76: 200215.
42.Saeger, KL, Gruskin, P, Carberry, JN. Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1982; 106(1): 3940.
43.Saeed, YM, Bassis, ML. Mixed tumor of the middle ear. A case report. Arch Otolaryngol 1971; 93(4): 433434.
44.Haemel, A, Gnepp, DR, Carlsten, J, et al. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the neck. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008; 58(2): 251256.
45.Youngs, LA, Scofield, HH. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the lower neck. Arch Pathology 1967; 83(6): 550556.
46.Davis, BP. Pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis with emphasis on salivary gland involvement. J Dent Res 1987; 66: 667671.
47.Mandel, ID, Kutcher, A, Denning, CR, et al. Salivary studies in cystic fibrosis. Am J Dis Child 1967; 113(4): 431438.
48.Tandler, B. Salivary gland changes in disease. J Dent Res 1987; 66(2): 398406.
49.Gnepp, DR. Sebacous carcinoma. In: Barnes, L, Eveson, JW, Reichart, P, Sidransky, D, eds. World Health Organization Classifications of Tumours: Pathology and Genetics of Head and Neck Tumors. Lyon: IARC Press, 2005: 231.
50.Gnepp, DR, Brannon, R. Sebaceous neoplasms of salivary gland origin. Report of 21 cases. Cancer 1984; 53: 21552170.
51.Saleh, HA, Ram, B, Harmse, JL, et al. Lipomatosis of the minor salivary glands. J Laryngal Otol 1998; 112: 895897.
52.Krolls, SO, Trodahl, JN, Boyers, RC. Salivary gland lesions in children. A survey of 430 cases. Cancer 1972; 30: 459469.
53.Walts, AE, Perzik, SL. Lipomatous lesions of the parotid area. Arch Otolaryngol 1976;102: 230232.
54.Seifert, G. Lipomatous cystic pancreas fibrosis and lipomatous pancreas atrophy in childhood. Beitr Pathol Anat 1959; 121: 6480.
55.Chikui, T, Yonetsu, K, Yoshiura, K, et al. Imaging findings of lipomas in the oropharyngeal region with CT, US and MRI. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1997; 84: 8895.
56.Smith, SR, Shneider, BL, Magid, M, et al. Minor salivary gland biopsy in neonatal hemochromatosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2004; 130(6): 760763.
57.Vaiopoulos, G, Konstantopolous, K, Kittas, C, et al. Histological and functional changes in salivary glands in thalassemia major. Haematologia (Budap) 1995; 27(1): 3338.
58.Ward-Booth, P, Ferguson, MM, Macdonald, DG. Salivary gland involvement in hemochromatosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1981; 51(5): 487748.
59.Kyle, RA, Greipp, PR. Amyloidosis (AL). Clinical and laboratory features in 229 cases. Mayo Clin Proc 1983; 58(10): 665683.
60.Browning, MJ, Banks, RA, Tribe, CR, et al. Ten years experience of an amyloid clinic – a clinicopathological survey. Q J Med 1985; 54(215): 213227.
61.Andersson Gare, B. Juvenile arthritis: who gets it and when? A review of current data on incidence and prevalence. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1999; 17: 367374.
62.Delgado, WA, Mosqueda, A. A highly sensitive method for diagnosis of secondary amyloidosis by labial salivary gland biopsy. J Oral Pathol Med 1989; 18(5): 310314.
63.Hachulla, E, Janin, A, Flipo, RM, et al. Labial salivary gland biopsy is a reliable test for the diagnosis of primary and secondary amyloidosis. A Prospective clinical and immunologic study in 59 patients. Atheritis Rheum 1993; 36(5): 691697.
64.Oliveira, DT, Consolaro, A, Freitas, FJ. Histopathological spectrum of 112 cases of mucocele. Braz Dent J 1993; 4: 2936.
65.Yamasoba, T, Tayama, N, Syogi, M, et al. Clinicostatistical study of lower lip mucoceles. Head Neck 1990; 12: 316320.
66.Harrison, JD. Salivary mucoceles. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1975; 39: 268278.
67.Jimbu, Y, Kusama, M, Itoh, H, et al. Mucocele of the glands of Blandin-Nuhn: clinical and histopathologic analysis of 26 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003; 95: 467470.
68.Baurmash, HD. Mucoceles and ranulas. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 61: 369378.
69.Eversole, LR. Oral sialocysts. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987; 113(1): 5156.
70.Eveson, JW. Superficial mucoceles. Pitfall in clinical and microscopic diagnosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1988; 6(3): 318322.
71.Barmash, HD. Mucoceles and Ranulas. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 61: 369378.
72.Bernier, JL, Bashkar, SN. Lymphoepithelial lesions of salivary glands; histogenesis and classification based on 186 cases. Cancer 1958; 11: 11561179.
73.Stewarts, S, Levy, R, Karpel, J and Stoopack, J. Lymphoepithelial (branchial) cyst of the parotid gland. J Oral Surg 1974; 32: 100106.
74.Chaudhry, AP, Yamane, GM, Scharlock, SE, et al. A clinicopathological study of intraoral lymphoepithelial cysts. J Oral Med 1984; 39: 7984.
75.Schiodt, M. HIV associated salivary gland disease: a review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1992; 73: 164167.
76.Terry, JH, Loree, TR, Thomas, MD, Marti, JR. Major salivary gland lymphoepithelial lesions and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Surg 1991; 162: 324329.
77.Chaves, IN, Carvalho, FS, Pereira, KM, et al. Salivary duct cyst in the upper lip. Case report and review of the literature. Indian J Microbio 2013; 56: 163165.
78.Chi, AC, Lambert, PR, Richardson, MS. Oral mucoceles: a clinicopathologic review of 1824 cases, including unusual variants. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2011; 69: 10861093.
79.Ovideas, LJ, Kasperbauer, JL, Lewis, JE, et al. Pediatric parotid mass. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000; 126: 177184.
80.Kaban, LB, Mulliken, JB, Murray, JE. Sialadenitis in childhood. Am J Surg 1978; 135: 570576.
81.Morgan, DW, Pearman, K, Raffat, F, et al. Salivary disease in childhood. Ear Nose Throat J 1989; 68(2): 155159.
82.McQuone, SJ. Acute viral and bacterial infections of the salivary glands. Otolayngo Clin North Am 1999; 32(5): 793811.
83.Peel, RL. Diseases of the salivary gland. In: Barnes, L, ed. Surgical Pathology of the Head and Neck. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc., 2001: 633785.
84.Reuter, J, Hausamen, JE. Sialolithiasis der glandula submandibularis im kindesalter. Klin Padiatr 1976; 188: 285288.
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86.Blatt, I. Chronic and recurrent inflammations about the salivary glands with reference to children. Laryngoscope 1966; 76: 917921.
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105.Kojima, M, Nakamura, S, Itoh, H. Sclerosing variant of follicular lymphoma arising from the submandibular glands and resembling Kuttner tumor: a report of 3 patients. Int J Surg Pathol 2003; 11: 303307.
106.Ochoa, ER, Harris, NL, Pilch, BZ. Marginal B-cell lymphoma of the salivary glands arising in chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner tumor). Am J Surg Pathol 2001; 25: 15461550.
107.Culver, EL, Hunt, A, Crewe, E, et al. Immunoglobulin G4 related chronic sclerosing sialadenitis. J Laryngolotol 2015; 129: 226231.
79.Ovideas, LJ, Kasperbauer, JL, Lewis, JE, et al. Pediatric parotid mass. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000; 126: 177184.
80.Kaban, LB, Mulliken, JB, Murray, JE. Sialadenitis in childhood. Am J Surg 1978; 135: 570576.
81.Morgan, DW, Pearman, K, Raffat, F, et al. Salivary disease in childhood. Ear Nose Throat J 1989; 68(2): 155159.
82.McQuone, SJ. Acute viral and bacterial infections of the salivary glands. Otolayngo Clin North Am 1999; 32(5): 793811.
83.Peel, RL. Diseases of the salivary gland. In: Barnes, L, ed. Surgical Pathology of the Head and Neck. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc., 2001: 633785.
84.Reuter, J, Hausamen, JE. Sialolithiasis der glandula submandibularis im kindesalter. Klin Padiatr 1976; 188: 285288.
85.Zenk, J, Constantinidis, J, Kydles, S, et al. Klinische und diagnostische befund bei der sialolthiasis. HNO 1999; 47: 963969.
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110.Hviid, A, Rubin, S, Muhlemann, K. Mumps. Lancet 2008; 371: 931944.
111.Morimoto, T. Otolaryngolological infections in children and vaccines. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 2012 Mar; 115: 206208.
112.Hendriksz, T, Malouf, P, Foy, JE; Vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, and herpes zoster: immunization guidelines for adults. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2011; 111(10 Suppl 6): S10–12.
113.Xiao, H, Wei, Y, Tan, M, et al. Epidemic parotitis being accompanied by acute pancreatitis and sensorineural hearing loss: case report and literature review. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2007; 21: 548549.
114.Ayadi, L, Khabir, A, Boudawara, T, et al. Cellular hemangioma of the parotid gland associated with an infection by cytomegalovirus. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 2003; 104: 290293.
115.Yoshida, M, Ueda, S, Harano, H, et al. Chronic myelocytic leukemia associated with cytomegalovirus induced sialoadenitis after unrelated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation]. Rinsho Ketsueki 1996; 37: 4652.
116.Boppana, SB, Ross, SA, Novak, Z, et al. Dried blood spot real-time polymerase chain reaction assays to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus infection. JAMA 2010; 303: 13751382.
117.Variend, S, O’Neill, D, Arnold, P. The possible significance of cytomegaloviral parotitis in infant and early childhood deaths. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1997; 121: 12721276.
118.Melnick, M, Sedghizadeh, PP, Allen, CM, Jaskoll, T. Human cytomegalovirus and mucoepidermoid carcinoma of salivary glands: cell-specific localization of active viral and oncogenic signaling proteins is confirmatory of a causal relationship. Exp Mol Pathol 2012; 92: 118125.
119.Dave, S, Pernas, F, Roy, S. The benign lymphoepithelial cyst and a classification system for lymphocytic parotid gland enlargement in pediatric HIV population. Laryngoscope 2007; 117: 106113.
120.Morris, MR, Moore, DW, Shearer, GL. Bilateral multiple benign lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987; 97: 8790.
121.Morales-Aguirre, JJ, Patino-nino, AP, Mendoza-Azpiri, M, et al. Parotid cysts in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2005; 131: 353355.
122.Shugar, JM, Som, PM, Jacobson, Al, et al. Multicentric parotid cysts and cervical adenopathy in AIDS patients. A newly recognized entity: CT and MR manifestations. Laryngoscope 1988; 98: 772775.
123.Echavez, MI, Lee, KC, Sooy, CD. Tetracycline sclerosis for Treatment of benign lymphoepithelial cyst of the parotid gland in patients infected with human immunodefiency virus. Laryngoscope 1994; 104: 14991502.
124.Lustig, LR, Lee, KC, Murr, A, et al. Doxycycline sclerosis of benign lymphoepithelial cysts in patients infected with HIV. Laryngoscope 1988; 108: 11991205.
125.Abrams, AM, Melrose, RJ, Howell, FV. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. A disease simulating malignancy. Cancer 1973; 32: 130135.
126.Penner, CR, Thompson, LD. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. Ear Nose Throat J 2003; 82: 483494.
127.Brannon, RB, Fowler, CB, Hartman, KS. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. A clinicopathologic study of sixty nine cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1991; 72: 317325.
128.Ylikontiola, L, Siponen, M, Sandor, G. Sialometaplasia of the soft palate in a 2 year old girl. JCDA May 2007; 73: 333336.
129.Sandmeier, D, Bouzourene, H. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: a potential diagnostic pitfall. Histopathology 2002; 40: 200201.
130.Imbrey, TA, Edwards, PA. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: literature review and case reports. J Am Dent Assoc 1996; 127: 10871092.
131.Rizkalla, H, Toner, M. Necrotizing sialometaplasia versus invasive carcinoma of the head and neck: the use of myoepithelial markers and keratin subtype as an adjunct to diagnosis. Histopathology 2007; 51: 184189.
132.Werning, J, Waterhouse, J, Mooney, J. Subacute necrotizing sialadenitis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1990; 70: 756759.
133.Suresh, L, Aguire, A. Subacute necrotizing sialadenitis: a clinicopathologic study. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral radiol Endod 2007; 104: 385390.
134.Fowler, C, Brannon, R. Subacute necrotizing sialadenitis: report of 7 cases and a review of the literature. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000; 89: 600609.
135.Von Volkman, R. Einege Falle von Cheilitis Glandularis Apostematosa (Myxadenitis labialis). Virchow’s Arch Path Anat 1870; 50: 142144.
136.Andrade, E, Sorbal, A, Santos, M, Camarago, I. Cheilitis glandularis and actinic cheilitis: differential diagnosis – report of three unusual cases. Dermatology Online Journal 2009; 15: 5.
137.Yacobi, R, Brown, DA. Cheilitis glandularis: a pediatric case report. J Am Dent Assoc 1989; 118: 317318.
138.Doku, HC, Shklar, G, McCarthy, PL. Cheilitis glandularis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1965; 20: 563571.
139.Leao, JC, Ferriera, AMC, Martins, S, et al. Cheilitis glandularis: an unusual presentation in patient with HIV infection. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003; 95: 142144.
140.Winchester, L, Scully, C, Prime, SS, et al. Cheilitis glandularis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1986; 62: 654656.
141.Carrington, PR, Horn, TD. Cheilitis glandularis: a clinical marker for both malignancy and /or severe inflammatory disease of the oral cavity. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006; 54: 336337.
142.Stoopler, ET, Carrasco, L, Stanton, DC. Cheilitis glandularis: an unusual histopathologic presentation. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003; 95: 312317.
143.Bovenschen, HJ. Novel treatment for chelitis glandularis. Acta Derm Venerol 2009; 89: 99100.
144.Stephens, LC, King, GK, Peters, LJ, et al. Acute and late radiation injury in rhesus monkey parotid glands. Evidence of interphase cell death. Am J Pathol 1986; 124: 469478.
145.Bansal, M, Mohanti, BK, Shah, N, et al. Head and neck cancer. Radiation related morbidities and their impact on quality of life in head and neck cancer patients receiving radical radiotherapy. Qual Life Res 2004; 13: 481488.
146.Satheesh, K, Balan, A, Sankar, A, et al. Radiation induced mucositis. J Palliat Care 2009; 15: 95102.
147.Mikulicz, J. Uber ein eigenartige symmetrische erkrankung der trannen – und mundspeicheldrusen. Beitr Z Chir Festschr Theodore Billroth 1982; 2: 610630.
148.Harris, NL. Lymphoid proliferations of the salivary glands. Am J Clin Pathol 1999; 111(suppl 1): S94S103.
149.Sjögren, H. Zur kennetnis der keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Keratitis filiformis bei hypofunction trannendrussen). Acta Ophthalmol (suppl) 1933; 2: 1151.
150.Cimaz, R, Casadei, A, Rose, C, et al. Primary Sjögren syndrome in the pediatric age: a multicenter survey. Eur J Pediatr 2003; 162: 661665.
151.Bartunkova, J, Sediva, A, Vencovsky, J, Tesar, V. Primary Sjögren syndrome in children and adolescents: proposal for diagnostic criteria. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1999; 17: 381386.
152.Singer, NG, Tomanova-Soltys, I, Lowe, R. Sjögren syndrome in childhood. Curr Rheumatol Rep 2008; 10: 147155.
153.Basis, K, Toib, D, Cooper, M, et al. Recurrent parotitis as a presentation of primary pediatric Sjögren syndrome. Pediatrics 2012; 129: e179e182.
154.Palmer, RM, Eveson, JW, Gusterson, BA. “Epimyoepithelial” islands in lymphoepithelial lesions: an immunohistochemical study. Virchow’s Arch [Pathol Anat] 1986; 408: 603609.
155.Fox, RI. Sjögren syndrome. Lancet 2005; 366: 321386.
108.McQuone, SJ. Acute viral and bacterial infections of the salivary glands. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1999; 32: 793811.
109.Mehta, D, Willging, JP. Pediatric salivary gland lesions. Semin Ped Surg 2006 May; 15: 7684.
110.Hviid, A, Rubin, S, Muhlemann, K. Mumps. Lancet 2008; 371: 931944.
111.Morimoto, T. Otolaryngolological infections in children and vaccines. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 2012 Mar; 115: 206208.
112.Hendriksz, T, Malouf, P, Foy, JE; Vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, and herpes zoster: immunization guidelines for adults. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2011; 111(10 Suppl 6): S10–12.
113.Xiao, H, Wei, Y, Tan, M, et al. Epidemic parotitis being accompanied by acute pancreatitis and sensorineural hearing loss: case report and literature review. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2007; 21: 548549.
114.Ayadi, L, Khabir, A, Boudawara, T, et al. Cellular hemangioma of the parotid gland associated with an infection by cytomegalovirus. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 2003; 104: 290293.
115.Yoshida, M, Ueda, S, Harano, H, et al. Chronic myelocytic leukemia associated with cytomegalovirus induced sialoadenitis after unrelated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation]. Rinsho Ketsueki 1996; 37: 4652.
116.Boppana, SB, Ross, SA, Novak, Z, et al. Dried blood spot real-time polymerase chain reaction assays to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus infection. JAMA 2010; 303: 13751382.
117.Variend, S, O’Neill, D, Arnold, P. The possible significance of cytomegaloviral parotitis in infant and early childhood deaths. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1997; 121: 12721276.
118.Melnick, M, Sedghizadeh, PP, Allen, CM, Jaskoll, T. Human cytomegalovirus and mucoepidermoid carcinoma of salivary glands: cell-specific localization of active viral and oncogenic signaling proteins is confirmatory of a causal relationship. Exp Mol Pathol 2012; 92: 118125.
119.Dave, S, Pernas, F, Roy, S. The benign lymphoepithelial cyst and a classification system for lymphocytic parotid gland enlargement in pediatric HIV population. Laryngoscope 2007; 117: 106113.
120.Morris, MR, Moore, DW, Shearer, GL. Bilateral multiple benign lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987; 97: 8790.
121.Morales-Aguirre, JJ, Patino-nino, AP, Mendoza-Azpiri, M, et al. Parotid cysts in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2005; 131: 353355.
122.Shugar, JM, Som, PM, Jacobson, Al, et al. Multicentric parotid cysts and cervical adenopathy in AIDS patients. A newly recognized entity: CT and MR manifestations. Laryngoscope 1988; 98: 772775.
123.Echavez, MI, Lee, KC, Sooy, CD. Tetracycline sclerosis for Treatment of benign lymphoepithelial cyst of the parotid gland in patients infected with human immunodefiency virus. Laryngoscope 1994; 104: 14991502.
124.Lustig, LR, Lee, KC, Murr, A, et al. Doxycycline sclerosis of benign lymphoepithelial cysts in patients infected with HIV. Laryngoscope 1988; 108: 11991205.
125.Abrams, AM, Melrose, RJ, Howell, FV. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. A disease simulating malignancy. Cancer 1973; 32: 130135.
126.Penner, CR, Thompson, LD. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. Ear Nose Throat J 2003; 82: 483494.
127.Brannon, RB, Fowler, CB, Hartman, KS. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. A clinicopathologic study of sixty nine cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1991; 72: 317325.
128.Ylikontiola, L, Siponen, M, Sandor, G. Sialometaplasia of the soft palate in a 2 year old girl. JCDA May 2007; 73: 333336.
129.Sandmeier, D, Bouzourene, H. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: a potential diagnostic pitfall. Histopathology 2002; 40: 200201.
130.Imbrey, TA, Edwards, PA. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: literature review and case reports. J Am Dent Assoc 1996; 127: 10871092.
131.Rizkalla, H, Toner, M. Necrotizing sialometaplasia versus invasive carcinoma of the head and neck: the use of myoepithelial markers and keratin subtype as an adjunct to diagnosis. Histopathology 2007; 51: 184189.
132.Werning, J, Waterhouse, J, Mooney, J. Subacute necrotizing sialadenitis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1990; 70: 756759.
133.Suresh, L, Aguire, A. Subacute necrotizing sialadenitis: a clinicopathologic study. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral radiol Endod 2007; 104: 385390.
134.Fowler, C, Brannon, R. Subacute necrotizing sialadenitis: report of 7 cases and a review of the literature. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000; 89: 600609.
135.Von Volkman, R. Einege Falle von Cheilitis Glandularis Apostematosa (Myxadenitis labialis). Virchow’s Arch Path Anat 1870; 50: 142144.
136.Andrade, E, Sorbal, A, Santos, M, Camarago, I. Cheilitis glandularis and actinic cheilitis: differential diagnosis – report of three unusual cases. Dermatology Online Journal 2009; 15: 5.
137.Yacobi, R, Brown, DA. Cheilitis glandularis: a pediatric case report. J Am Dent Assoc 1989; 118: 317318.
138.Doku, HC, Shklar, G, McCarthy, PL. Cheilitis glandularis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1965; 20: 563571.
139.Leao, JC, Ferriera, AMC, Martins, S, et al. Cheilitis glandularis: an unusual presentation in patient with HIV infection. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003; 95: 142144.
140.Winchester, L, Scully, C, Prime, SS, et al. Cheilitis glandularis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1986; 62: 654656.
141.Carrington, PR, Horn, TD. Cheilitis glandularis: a clinical marker for both malignancy and /or severe inflammatory disease of the oral cavity. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006; 54: 336337.
142.Stoopler, ET, Carrasco, L, Stanton, DC. Cheilitis glandularis: an unusual histopathologic presentation. Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003; 95: 312317.
143.Bovenschen, HJ. Novel treatment for chelitis glandularis. Acta Derm Venerol 2009; 89: 99100.
144.Stephens, LC, King, GK, Peters, LJ, et al. Acute and late radiation injury in rhesus monkey parotid glands. Evidence of interphase cell death. Am J Pathol 1986; 124: 469478.
145.Bansal, M, Mohanti, BK, Shah, N, et al. Head and neck cancer. Radiation related morbidities and their impact on quality of life in head and neck cancer patients receiving radical radiotherapy. Qual Life Res 2004; 13: 481488.
146.Satheesh, K, Balan, A, Sankar, A, et al. Radiation induced mucositis. J Palliat Care 2009; 15: 95102.
147.Mikulicz, J. Uber ein eigenartige symmetrische erkrankung der trannen – und mundspeicheldrusen. Beitr Z Chir Festschr Theodore Billroth 1982; 2: 610630.
148.Harris, NL. Lymphoid proliferations of the salivary glands. Am J Clin Pathol 1999; 111(suppl 1): S94S103.
149.Sjögren, H. Zur kennetnis der keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Keratitis filiformis bei hypofunction trannendrussen). Acta Ophthalmol (suppl) 1933; 2: 1151.
150.Cimaz, R, Casadei, A, Rose, C, et al. Primary Sjögren syndrome in the pediatric age: a multicenter survey. Eur J Pediatr 2003; 162: 661665.
151.Bartunkova, J, Sediva, A, Vencovsky, J, Tesar, V. Primary Sjögren syndrome in children and adolescents: proposal for diagnostic criteria. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1999; 17: 381386.
152.Singer, NG, Tomanova-Soltys, I, Lowe, R. Sjögren syndrome in childhood. Curr Rheumatol Rep 2008; 10: 147155.
153.Basis, K, Toib, D, Cooper, M, et al. Recurrent parotitis as a presentation of primary pediatric Sjögren syndrome. Pediatrics 2012; 129: e179e182.
154.Palmer, RM, Eveson, JW, Gusterson, BA. “Epimyoepithelial” islands in lymphoepithelial lesions: an immunohistochemical study. Virchow’s Arch [Pathol Anat] 1986; 408: 603609.
155.Fox, RI. Sjögren syndrome. Lancet 2005; 366: 321386.