Malnutrition is common among older adults and is associated with a progressive decline in overall health and increased mortality. With a rapidly ageing population, the detection, prevention and management of malnutrition require urgent attention within health service planning and delivery. Routine screening for malnutrition among older adults in community settings, which addresses aetiological as well as phenotypic factors, is considered an important step for prevention and early intervention. The aim of this review is to summarise current malnutrition screening literature and highlight research that seeks to understand and address community-based approaches to malnutrition screening and management. Key healthcare professionals (HCPs) that encounter community-dwelling older adults include general practitioners (GPs), community-based nurses, community pharmacists and a range of other health and social care professionals including dietitians, physiotherapists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists. The key barriers to implementing screening in primary care include lack of knowledge about malnutrition among non-dietetic HCPs, lack of resources allocated to managing malnutrition, lack of access to dietetic services, and poor GP knowledge about oral nutritional supplement prescribing. In addition, older adults have poor insight into the clinical condition and the associated negative health implications. Investment in education among HCPs and public awareness is required, as well as accompanying resources to successfully implement malnutrition screening programmes for community-dwelling older adults.