High-temperature silicon dioxide chemical vapor deposition (HTOCVD), using SiH2Cl2 and N2O, can realize dense and conformal oxide film, not only on large size silicon wafers, but even inside of microscopic silicon trenches, at high-temperature around 800°C.
In this work, we investigated the kinetics of HTOCVD using a commercial scale low pressure (LP) CVD reactor, focusing on the correlation between deposition rate and surface-to-volume ratio (S/V ratio), which is a specific surface area of substrate wafer divided by the space volume between two adjacent wafers. We also investigated the deposition rate profile on wafers, and along the axial direction of the reactor near the region where one, two or three substrate wafers are extracted from the quartz holder. The deposition rate profiles on wafer characteristically change from skillet-like to pancake-like, according to the increase of wafer spacing. The influence on the deposition rate of wafer spacing spreads to ranges not only downstream, but also upstream in the gas flow. These experimental results strongly suggest that in the HTOCVD gas-phase reactions through intermediate states of active species contribute to deposition reaction as well as direct deposition reaction of source gases on Si surface.