Two YBa2Cu3O7−x powders were investigated: one was nearly stoichiometric, and the other, CuO-rich. After being sintered at 950 °C, samples from both powders were heat-treated in oxygen at 845, 860, and 910 °C for up to 10 days. The samples were characterized by differential thermal analysis, x-ray diffraction, optical and scanning electron microscopy, iodometric titrations, and measurement of their superconducting properties (electrical resistivity, critical temperature, and critical current density). The electrical properties of the nearly stoichiometric material improved with time at all temperatures. On the other hand, the electrical properties of the CuO-rich material deteriorated with temperature, possibly owing to problems associated with grain growth at 910 °C.