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We give continuous separation theorems for convex sets in a real linear space equipped with a norm that can assume the value infinity. In such a space, it may be impossible to continuously strongly separate a point
from a closed convex set not containing
, that is, closed convex sets need not be weakly closed. As a special case, separation in finite-dimensional extended normed spaces is considered at the outset.
We prove that if two normed-algebra-valued cosine families indexed by a single Abelian group, of which one is bounded and comprised solely of scalar elements of the underlying algebra, differ in norm by less than
uniformly in the parametrising index, then these families coincide.
In the present paper we deal with the existence of multiple solutions for a quasilinear elliptic problem involving an arbitrary perturbation. Our approach, based on an abstract result of Ricceri, combines truncation arguments with Moser-type iteration technique.
In this paper, a detailed description of the resolvent of the Laplace–Beltrami operator in
-dimensional hyperbolic space is given. The resolvent is an integral operator with the kernel (Green’s function) being a solution of a hypergeometric differential equation. Asymptotic analysis of the solution of this equation is carried out.
We use a relative trace formula on
to compute a sum of twisted modular
-functions anywhere in the critical strip, weighted by a Fourier coefficient and a Hecke eigenvalue. When the weight
is sufficiently large, the sum is nonzero. Specializing to the central point, we show in some cases that the resulting bound for the average is as good as that predicted by the Lindelöf hypothesis in the
be the weighted Bergman space of the unit ball in
. Recently, Miao studied products of two Toeplitz operators defined on
. He proved a necessary condition and a sufficient condition for boundedness of such products in terms of the Berezin transform. We modify the Berezin transform and improve his sufficient condition for products of Toeplitz operators. We also investigate products of two Hankel operators defined on
, and products of the Hankel operator and the Toeplitz operator. In particular, in both cases, we prove sufficient conditions for boundedness of the products.
It is a well-known procedure for constructing a torus knot or link that first we prepare an unknotted torus and meridian disks in its complementary solid tori, and second we smooth the intersections of the boundaries of the meridian disks uniformly. Then we obtain a torus knot or link on the unknotted torus and its Seifert surface made of meridian disks. In the present paper, we generalize this procedure by using a closed fake surface and show that the two resulting surfaces obtained by smoothing triple points uniformly are essential. We also show that a knot obtained by this procedure satisfies the Neuwirth conjecture and that the distance of two boundary slopes for the knot is equal to the number of triple points of the closed fake surface.
be a commutative ring. In this paper we study the behavior of Gorenstein homological dimensions of a homologically bounded
-complex under special base changes to the rings
is a regular element in
. Our main results refine some known formulae for the classical homological dimensions. In particular, we provide the Gorenstein counterpart of a criterion for projectivity of finitely generated modules, due to Vasconcelos.
be a finitely generated cancellative abelian monoid. A
is a natural generalization of a
-graph. A pullback of
is constructed by pulling it back over a given monoid morphism to
, while a pushout of
is obtained by modding out its periodicity, which is deduced from a natural equivalence relation on
. One of our main results in this paper shows that, for some
is isomorphic to the pullback of its pushout via a natural quotient map, and that its graph
-algebra can be embedded into the tensor product of the graph
-algebra of its pushout and
. As a consequence, in this case, the cycline algebra generated by the standard generators corresponding to equivalent pairs is a maximal abelian subalgebra, and there is a faithful conditional expectation from the graph
-algebra onto it.