A portable first-arrival seismic refraction instrument was used to measure seismic P-wave velocities in ice, frozen ground, till and shattered rock at various places in the McMurdo Sound region, Antarctica. It was found that some frozen ground exhibits the same seismic velocity as ice, so that buried ice cannot be idengified by seismic velocity measurements.
The depth of exfoliation of a granite outcrop in Taylor Valley was successfully measured, as was the depth of an ice-free moraine in Wright Valley. From this latter depth, and from reasonable assumptions about the diffusion of water vapour through till, a minimum age of 75,000 yr. has been deduced for the moraine. This age implies that no through-glacier occupied Wright Valley during the last Northern Hemisphere glaciation.