Let R be a commutative ring with identity. A subgroup S of GLn(R), where n ≥ 2, is said to be standard if and only if S contains all the q-elementary matrices and all conjugates of those matrices by products of elementary matrices, where q is the ideal in R generated by Xij,xii — Xjj(i ≠ j), for all (xij
) ∊ S. It is known that, when n ≧ 3, the standard subgroups of GLn(R) are precisely those normalized by the elementary matrices. To demonstrate how completely this result can break down for n = 2 we prove that GL
2(Z), where Z is the ring of rational integers, has uncountably many non-normal, standard subgroups and uncountably many non-standard, normal subgroups.