Batch departures arise in various applications of queues. In particular, such models have been studied recently in connection with production systems. For the most part, however, these models assume Poisson arrivals and exponential service times; little is known about them under more general settings. We consider how their stationary queue length distributions are affected by the distributions of interarrival times, service times and departing batch sizes of customers. Since this is not an easy problem even for single departure models, we first concentrate on single-node queues with a symmetric service discipline, which is known to have nice properties. We start with pre-emptive LIFO, a special case of the symmetric service discipline, and then consider symmetric queues with Poisson arrivals. Stability conditions and stationary queue length distributions are obtained for them, and several stochastic order relations are considered. For the symmetric queues and Poisson arrivals, we also discuss their network. Stability conditions and the stationary joint queue length distribution are obtained for this network.