We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings.
To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We determine all the extremal Gromov-Witten invariants of the Hilbert scheme of
$3$
points on a smooth projective complex surface. Our result for the genus-
$1$
case verifies a conjecture that we propose for the genus-
$1$
extremal Gromov-Witten invariant of the Hilbert scheme of n points with n being arbitrary. The main ideas in the proofs are to use geometric arguments involving the cosection localization theory of Kiem and J. Li [17, 23], algebraic manipulations related to the Heisenberg operators of Grojnowski [13] and Nakajima [34], and the virtual localization formulas of Gromov-Witten theory [12, 20, 30].
For each central essential hyperplane arrangement
$\mathcal{A}$
over an algebraically closed field, let
$Z_\mathcal{A}^{\hat\mu}(T)$
denote the Denef–Loeser motivic zeta function of
$\mathcal{A}$
. We prove a formula expressing
$Z_\mathcal{A}^{\hat\mu}(T)$
in terms of the Milnor fibers of related hyperplane arrangements. This formula shows that, in a precise sense, the degree to which
$Z_{\mathcal{A}}^{\hat\mu}(T)$
fails to be a combinatorial invariant is completely controlled by these Milnor fibers. As one application, we use this formula to show that the map taking each complex arrangement
$\mathcal{A}$
to the Hodge–Deligne specialization of
$Z_{\mathcal{A}}^{\hat\mu}(T)$
is locally constant on the realization space of any loop-free matroid. We also prove a combinatorial formula expressing the motivic Igusa zeta function of
$\mathcal{A}$
in terms of the characteristic polynomials of related arrangements.
We address Hodge integrals over the hyperelliptic locus. Recently Afandi computed, via localisation techniques, such one-descendant integrals and showed that they are Stirling numbers. We give another proof of the same statement by a very short argument, exploiting Chern classes of spin structures and relations arising from Topological Recursion in the sense of Eynard and Orantin.
These techniques seem also suitable to deal with three orthogonal generalisations: (1) the extension to the r-hyperelliptic locus; (2) the extension to an arbitrary number of non-Weierstrass pairs of points; (3) the extension to multiple descendants.
We introduce a conjecture on Virasoro constraints for the moduli space of stable sheaves on a smooth projective surface. These generalise the Virasoro constraints on the Hilbert scheme of a surface found by Moreira and Moreira, Oblomkov, Okounkov and Pandharipande. We verify the conjecture in many nontrivial cases by using a combinatorial description of equivariant sheaves found by Klyachko.
In this paper, we study the Koszul property of the homogeneous coordinate ring of a generic collection of lines in
$\mathbb {P}^n$
and the homogeneous coordinate ring of a collection of lines in general linear position in
$\mathbb {P}^n.$
We show that if
$\mathcal {M}$
is a collection of m lines in general linear position in
$\mathbb {P}^n$
with
$2m \leq n+1$
and R is the coordinate ring of
$\mathcal {M},$
then R is Koszul. Furthermore, if
$\mathcal {M}$
is a generic collection of m lines in
$\mathbb {P}^n$
and R is the coordinate ring of
$\mathcal {M}$
with m even and
$m +1\leq n$
or m is odd and
$m +2\leq n,$
then R is Koszul. Lastly, we show that if
$\mathcal {M}$
is a generic collection of m lines such that
then R is not Koszul. We give a complete characterization of the Koszul property of the coordinate ring of a generic collection of lines for
$n \leq 6$
or
$m \leq 6$
. We also determine the Castelnuovo–Mumford regularity of the coordinate ring for a generic collection of lines and the projective dimension of the coordinate ring of collection of lines in general linear position.
We prove the flow tree formula conjectured by Alexandrov and Pioline, which computes Donaldson–Thomas invariants of quivers with potentials in terms of a smaller set of attractor invariants. This result is obtained as a particular case of a more general flow tree formula reconstructing a consistent scattering diagram from its initial walls.
Using new explicit formulas for the stationary Gromov–Witten/Pandharipande–Thomas (
$\mathrm {GW}/{\mathrm {PT}}$
) descendent correspondence for nonsingular projective toric threefolds, we show that the correspondence intertwines the Virasoro constraints in Gromov–Witten theory for stable maps with the Virasoro constraints for stable pairs proposed in [18]. Since the Virasoro constraints in Gromov–Witten theory are known to hold in the toric case, we establish the stationary Virasoro constraints for the theory of stable pairs on toric threefolds. As a consequence, new Virasoro constraints for tautological integrals over Hilbert schemes of points on surfaces are also obtained.
We propose a variation of the classical Hilbert scheme of points, the double nested Hilbert scheme of points, which parametrizes flags of zero-dimensional subschemes whose nesting is dictated by a Young diagram. Over a smooth quasi-projective curve, we compute the generating series of topological Euler characteristic of these spaces, by exploiting the combinatorics of reversed plane partitions. Moreover, we realize this moduli space as the zero locus of a section of a vector bundle over a smooth ambient space, which therefore admits a virtual fundamental class. We apply this construction to the stable pair theory of a local curve, that is the total space of the direct sum of two line bundles over a curve. We show that the invariants localize to virtual intersection numbers on double nested Hilbert scheme of points on the curve, and that the localized contributions to the invariants are controlled by three universal series for every Young diagram, which can be explicitly determined after the anti-diagonal restriction of the equivariant parameters. Under the anti-diagonal restriction, the invariants are matched with the Gromov–Witten invariants of local curves of Bryan–Pandharipande, as predicted by the Maulik–Nekrasov–Okounkov–Pandharipande (MNOP) correspondence. Finally, we discuss $K$-theoretic refinements à la Nekrasov–Okounkov.
We prove the abelian/nonabelian correspondence with bundles for target spaces that are partial flag bundles, combining and generalising results by Ciocan-Fontanine–Kim–Sabbah, Brown, and Oh. From this, we deduce how genus-zero Gromov–Witten invariants change when a smooth projective variety X is blown up in a complete intersection defined by convex line bundles. In the case where the blow-up is Fano, our result gives closed-form expressions for certain genus-zero invariants of the blow-up in terms of invariants of X. We also give a reformulation of the abelian/nonabelian Correspondence in terms of Givental’s formalism, which may be of independent interest.
We study open-closed orbifold Gromov-Witten invariants of 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau smooth toric Deligne-Mumford stacks (with possibly nontrivial generic stabilisers K and semi-projective coarse moduli spaces) relative to Lagrangian branes of Aganagic-Vafa type. An Aganagic-Vafa brane in this paper is a possibly ineffective
$C^\infty $
orbifold that admits a presentation
$[(S^1\times \mathbb {R} ^2)/G_\tau ]$
, where
$G_\tau $
is a finite abelian group containing K and
$G_\tau /K \cong \boldsymbol {\mu }_{\mathfrak {m}}$
is cyclic of some order
$\mathfrak {m}\in \mathbb {Z} _{>0}$
.
1. We present foundational materials of enumerative geometry of stable holomorphic maps from bordered orbifold Riemann surfaces to a 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau smooth toric DM stack
$\mathcal {X}$
with boundaries mapped into an Aganagic-Vafa brane
$\mathcal {L}$
. All genus open-closed Gromov-Witten invariants of
$\mathcal {X}$
relative to
$\mathcal {L}$
are defined by torus localisation and depend on the choice of a framing
$f\in \mathbb {Z} $
of
$\mathcal {L}$
.
2. We provide another definition of all genus open-closed Gromov-Witten invariants in (1) based on algebraic relative orbifold Gromov-Witten theory, which agrees with the definition in (1) up to a sign depending on the choice of orientation on moduli of maps in (1). This generalises the definition in [57] for smooth toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds and specifies an orientation on moduli of maps in (1) compatible with the canonical orientation on moduli of relative stable maps determined by the complex structure.
3. When
$\mathcal {X}$
is a toric Calabi-Yau 3-orbifold (i.e., when the generic stabiliser K is trivial), so that
$G_\tau =\boldsymbol {\mu }_{\mathfrak {m}}$
, we define generating functions
$F_{g,h}^{\mathcal {X},(\mathcal {L},f)}$
of open-closed Gromov-Witten invariants of arbitrary genus g and number h of boundary circles; it takes values in
$H^*_{ {\mathrm {CR}} }(\mathcal {B} \boldsymbol {\mu }_{\mathfrak {m}}; \mathbb {C} )^{\otimes h}$
, where
$H^*_{ {\mathrm {CR}} }(\mathcal {B} \boldsymbol {\mu }_{\mathfrak {m}}; \mathbb {C} )\cong \mathbb {C} ^{\mathfrak {m}}$
is the Chen-Ruan orbifold cohomology of the classifying space
$\mathcal {B} \boldsymbol {\mu }_{\mathfrak {m}}$
of
$\boldsymbol {\mu }_{\mathfrak {m}}$
.
4. We prove an open mirror theorem that relates the generating function
$F_{0,1}^{\mathcal {X},(\mathcal {L},f)}$
of orbifold disk invariants to Abel-Jacobi maps of the mirror curve of
$\mathcal {X}$
. This generalises a conjecture by Aganagic-Vafa [6] and Aganagic-Klemm-Vafa [5] (proved in full generality by the first and the second authors in [33]) on the disk potential of a smooth semi-projective toric Calabi-Yau 3-fold.
We propose a conjectural list of Fano manifolds of Picard number
$1$
with pseudoeffective normalised tangent bundles, which we prove in various situations by relating it to the complete divisibility conjecture of Francesco Russo and Fyodor L. Zak on varieties with small codegree. Furthermore, the pseudoeffective thresholds and, hence, the pseudoeffective cones of the projectivised tangent bundles of rational homogeneous spaces of Picard number
$1$
are explicitly determined by studying the total dual variety of minimal rational tangents (VMRTs) and the geometry of stratified Mukai flops. As a by-product, we obtain sharp vanishing theorems on the global twisted symmetric holomorphic vector fields on rational homogeneous spaces of Picard number
$1$
.
In this paper, we prove a series of identities of the quasi-map K-theoretical I-functions with level structure between the Grassmannian and its dual Grassmannian. Those identities prove the quantum K-theory version mutation conjecture stated in [13]. Here we find an interval of levels within which two I-functions are the same, and on the boundary of that interval, two I-functions intertwine. We call this phenomenon the level correspondence in Grassmann duality.
We propose two systems of “intrinsic” weights for counting such curves. In both cases the result acquires an exceptionally strong invariance property: it does not depend on the choice of a surface. One of our counts includes all divisor classes of canonical degree 2 and gives in total 30. The other one excludes the class
$-2K$
, but adds up the results of counting for a pair of real structures that differ by Bertini involution. This count gives 96.
We prove that if X is a complex projective K3 surface and
$g>0$
, then there exist infinitely many families of curves of geometric genus g on X with maximal, i.e., g-dimensional, variation in moduli. In particular, every K3 surface contains a curve of geometric genus 1 which moves in a nonisotrivial family. This implies a conjecture of Huybrechts on constant cycle curves and gives an algebro-geometric proof of a theorem of Kobayashi that a K3 surface has no global symmetric differential forms.
Given a quiver with potential
$(Q,W)$
, Kontsevich–Soibelman constructed a cohomological Hall algebra (CoHA) on the critical cohomology of the stack of representations of
$(Q,W)$
. Special cases of this construction are related to work of Nakajima, Varagnolo, Schiffmann–Vasserot, Maulik–Okounkov, Yang–Zhao, etc. about geometric constructions of Yangians and their representations; indeed, given a quiver Q, there exists an associated pair
$(\widetilde{Q}, \widetilde{W})$
whose CoHA is conjecturally the positive half of the Maulik–Okounkov Yangian
$Y_{\text {MO}}(\mathfrak {g}_{Q})$
.
For a quiver with potential
$(Q,W)$
, we follow a suggestion of Kontsevich–Soibelman and study a categorification of the above algebra constructed using categories of singularities. Its Grothendieck group is a K-theoretic Hall algebra (KHA) for quivers with potential. We construct representations using framed quivers, and we prove a wall-crossing theorem for KHAs. We expect the KHA for
$(\widetilde{Q}, \widetilde{W})$
to recover the positive part of quantum affine algebra
$U_{q}(\widehat {\mathfrak {g}_{Q}})$
defined by Okounkov–Smirnov.
We compute, via motivic wall-crossing, the generating function of virtual motives of the Quot scheme of points on
${\mathbb{A}}^3$
, generalising to higher rank a result of Behrend–Bryan–Szendrői. We show that this motivic partition function converges to a Gaussian distribution, extending a result of Morrison.
We introduce and study a fermionisation procedure for the cohomological Hall algebra
$\mathcal{H}_{\Pi_Q}$
of representations of a preprojective algebra, that selectively switches the cohomological parity of the BPS Lie algebra from even to odd. We do so by determining the cohomological Donaldson–Thomas invariants of central extensions of preprojective algebras studied in the work of Etingof and Rains, via deformed dimensional reduction. Via the same techniques, we determine the Borel–Moore homology of the stack of representations of the
$\unicode{x03BC}$
-deformed preprojective algebra introduced by Crawley–Boevey and Holland, for all dimension vectors. This provides a common generalisation of the results of Crawley-Boevey and Van den Bergh on the cohomology of smooth moduli schemes of representations of deformed preprojective algebras and my earlier results on the Borel–Moore homology of the stack of representations of the undeformed preprojective algebra.
We use Noether–Lefschetz theory to study the reduced Gromov–Witten invariants of a holomorphic-symplectic variety of
$K3^{[n]}$
-type. This yields strong evidence for a new conjectural formula that expresses Gromov–Witten invariants of this geometry for arbitrary classes in terms of primitive classes. The formula generalizes an earlier conjecture by Pandharipande and the author for K3 surfaces. Using Gromov–Witten techniques, we also determine the generating series of Noether–Lefschetz numbers of a general pencil of Debarre–Voisin varieties. This reproves and extends a result of Debarre, Han, O’Grady and Voisin on Hassett–Looijenga–Shah (HLS) divisors on the moduli space of Debarre–Voisin fourfolds.