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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: June 2017

Chapter 18 - Disorders of the Thyroid Gland and Parathyroid Glands

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145.Roizen, J, Levine, M. Primary hyperparathyroidism in children and adolescents. J Clin Med Assoc 2012; 75:425434.
146.Girard, RM, Belanger, A, Hazel, B. Primary hyperparathyroidism in children. Can J Surg 1982 ; 25:1113.
147.Cronin, C, Reeve, T, Robinson, B, et al. Primary hyperparathyroidism in childhood and adolescence. J Pediatr Child Health 1996; 32:397399.
148.Loh, K, Duh, Q, Shoback, D, et al. Clinical profile of primary hyperparathyroidism in adolescents and young adults. Clin Endocrinol 1998; 48:435443.
149.Mallet, E. Working group on calcium metabolism. Primary hyperparathyroidism in neonates and childhood. The French experience (1984–2004). Horm Res 2008; 69:180188.
150.Bhadada, S, Bhansali, A, Dutta, P, et al. Characteristic of primary hyperparathyroidism in adolescents. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2008; 21:11471153.
151.Kollar, J, Zarroug, A, van Heerden, J, et al. Primary hyperparathyroidism in pediatric patients. Pediatrics 2004; 115:974980.
152.Ho, C, Conner, D, Pollak, M, et al. A mouse model of human familial hypocalcuric hypercalcemia and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism. Nat Genet 1995; 11:389394.
153.Pollak, MR, Chou, YH, Marx, SJ, et al. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism. Effects of mutant gene dosage on phenotype. J Clin Invest 1994; 93:11081112.
154.Pidasheva, S, D’Souza-Li, L, Canaff, L, et al. Calcium-sensing receptor locus specific database for mutations causing familial (benign) hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism, and autosomal dominant hypocalcemia. Hum Mutat 2004 ; 24:107111.
155.Felderbauer, P, Hoffman, P, Lein, W, et al. Identification of a novel calcium-sensing receptor gene mutation causing familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia by single stranded conformation polymorphism analysis. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2005; 113:3134.
156.Sathasivam, A, Garibaldi, L, Murphy, R, et al. Transient neonatal hyperparathyroidism: a presenting feature of mucolipidosis type II. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2006; 19:859862.
157.Norwood, S, Andrassy, R. Primary hyperparathyroidism in children: a review. Mill Med 1983; 148:812814.
158.Waller, S, Kurzawinski, T, Spitz, L, et al. Neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism: genotype/phenotype correlation and use of pamidronate as rescue therapy. Eur J Pediatr 2004; 163:589594.
159.Gannon, AW, Monk, HM, Levine, MA. Cinacalet monotherapy in neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism. A case study and review. J Clin Endo Crinol 2014; 99:711.
160.Mallet, E. Working group on calcium metabolism. Primary hyperparathyroidism in neonates and childhood. The French experience. (1984–2004). Horms Res 2008; 69:180188.
161.Iacobone, M, Masi, G, Barzon, L, et al. Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome: a report of three large kindred. Langenbecks Arch Surg 2009; 394:817825.
162.Cetani, F, Pardi, E, Giovannetti, A, et al. Genetic analysis of the MENI and HPRT2 locus in two Italian kindreds with familial isolated hyperparathyroidism. Clin Endocrinol 2002; 56:456457.
163.DeLellis, RA, Mazzaglia, P, Mingray, S. Primary hyperparathyroidism. A current perspective. Arch Patho Lab Med 2008; 132:12511262.
164.Melton, LJ. The epidemiology of primary hyperparathyroidism in North America. J Bone Miner Res 2002; 17:N12N17.
165.Safarti, E, Lavergne, A, Le Charpentier, Y, et al. Parathyroid microadenoma. Ann Med Interne (Paris) 1987; 138:604606.
166.Ghandur-Mnaymneh, L, Kimura, N. The parathyroid adenoma. A histopathologic definition with a study of 172 cases of primary hyperparathyroidism. Am J Pathol 1984; 115:7083.
167.Venail, F, Nicollas, R, Morin, T, et al. Solitary parathyroid adenoma: a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism in children. Laryngoscope 2007; 117:946949.
168.Shan, AA, Shah, AV. Parathyroid adenoma in a two month old child. Indian Pediatrics 2003; 40:10971098.
169.Allo, M, Thompson, NW, Harness, JK. Primary parathyroidism in children, adolescents and young adults. World J Surg 1982; 6:771776.
170.Delellis, RA. Tumors of the Parathyroid Glands. Ed 3. Bethesda: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1993.
171.Fernandez-Ranvier, GG, KHanafshar, E, Jensen, K, et al. Parathyroid carcinoma, atypical parathyroid adenoma, or parathyromatosis? Cancer 2007; 110:255264.
172.Elliot, DD, Monroe, DP, Perrier, ND. Parathyroid histopathology: is it of value today? J Am Coll Surg 2006; 203:758765.
173.Ippolito, G, Palazzo, FF, Sebag, F, et al. Intraoperative diagnosis and treatment of parathyroid cancer and atypical parathyroid adenoma. Br J Surg 2007; 94:566570.
174.Burke, JF, Chen, H, Gosain, A. Parathyroid conditions in childhood. Semin Pediatr Surg 2014; 23:6670.
175.Fiedler, AG, Rossi, G, Gingalewski, CA. Parathyroid carcinoma in a child: an unusual case of ectopically located malignant parathyroid gland with tumor invading the thymus. J Pediatr Surg 2009; 44:16491652.
176.Mittendorf, EA, McHenry, CR. Parathyroid carcinoma. J Surg Oncol 2005; 89:136142.
177.Wang, CA, Gaz, RD. Natural history of parathyroid carcinoma. Diagnosis, treatment, and results. Am J Surg 1985; 149:522527.
178.Lee, PK, Jarosek, SL, Virnig, BA, et al. Trends in the incidence and treatment of parathyroid cancer in the United States. Cancer 2007; 109:17361741.
179.DeLellis, RA. Parathyroid carcinoma. An overview. Adv Anat Pathol 2005; 112:5361.
180.Stoadinovic, A, Hoos, A, Nissan, A, et al. Parathyroid neoplasms: clinical, histopathological, and tissue microarray-based molecular analysis. Hum Pathol 2003; 34:5464.
181.Entwistle, JW, Pierce, CV, Johson, et al. Parathyroid cysts: report of the sixth youngest pediatric case. J Pediatr Surg 1994; 29:15281529.
182.O’Kamura, K, Ikenoue, H, Sato, K, et al. Sclerotherapy for benign parathyroid cysts. Am J Surg 1992; 163:344345.
183.DaSilva, D, Machado, MC, Brito, LL. Parathyroid cysts: diagnosis and treatment. Rev Bras Otorhinol 2004; 70:840844.
184.Vaizey, CJ, Ali, M, Gilbert, JM. Chronic parathyroiditis associated with primary hyperplastic hyperparathyroidism. J R Soc Med 1997; 90:336337.
185.Furuto-Kato, S, Matsukura, S, Ogata, M, et al. Primary hyperparathyroidism presumably caused by chronic parathyroiditis manifesting from hypocalcemia to severe hypercalcemia. Intern Med 2005; 44:6064.