1.Haskell, A, Nadel, ER, Stachenfeld, NS, Nagashima, K, Mack, GW. Transcapillary escape rate of albumin in humans during exercise-induced hypervolemia. J Appl Physiol 1997; 83: 407–13.
2.Predescue, D, Vogel, SM, Malik, AB. Functional and morphological studies of protein transcytosis in continuous endothelia. Am J Physiol Cell Mol Physiol 2004; 287: L895–901.
3.Rippe, B, Kamiya, A, Folkow, B. Is capillary micropinocytosis of any significance for the transcapillary transfer of plasma proteins? Acta Physiol Scand 1977; 100: 258–60.
4.Rosengren, BI, Al Rayyes, O, Rippe, B. Transendothelial transport of low-density lipoprotein and albumin across the rat peritoneum in vivo: effects of the transcytosis inhibitors NEM and filipin. J Vasc Res 2002; 39: 230–7.
5.Rippe, B, Haraldsson, B. Transport of macromolecules across microvascular walls: the two-pore theory. Physiol Rev 1994; 74: 163–219.
6.Fenstermacher, JD. Volume Regulation of the Central Nervous System. In: Staub, NC, Taylor, AE, eds. New York: Raven Press, 1984: 383–404.
7.Grände, PO. The Lund concept for treatment of a severe brain trauma – a physiological approach. Intensive Care Med 2006; 32: 1475–84.
8.Jungner, M. Grände, PO, Mattiasson, G, Bentzer, P. Effects on brain edema of crystalloid and albumin fluid resuscitation after brain trauma and hemorrhage in the rat. Anesthesiology 2010; 112: 1194–203.
9.The SAFE Study Investigators. Saline or albumin for fluid resuscitation in patients with traumatic brain injury. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 874–84.
10.Woodcock, TE, Woodcock, TM. Revised Starling equation and glycocalyx model of transvascular fluid exchange: an improved paradigm for prescribing intravenous fluid therapy. Br J Anaesth 2012; 108: 384–94.
11.Rippe, B. Does an endothelial surface layer contribute to the size selectivity of the permeable pathways of the three-pore model? Perit Dial Int 2008; 28: 20–4.
12.Lamke, LO, Liljedahl, SO. Plasma volume changes after infusion of various plasma expanders. Resuscitation 1976; 5: 93–102.
13.Persson, J, Grände, PO. Plasma volume expansion and transcapillary fluid exchange in skeletal muscle of albumin, dextran, gelatin, hydroxyethyl starch, and saline after trauma in the cat. Crit Care Med 2006; 34: 2456–62.
14.Waitzinger, J, Bepperling, F, Pabst, G, et al. Pharmacokinetics and tolerability of a new hydroxyethyl starch (HES) specification [HES (130/0.4)] after single-dose infusion of 6% or 10% solutions in healthy volunteers. Clin Drug Investig 1998; 16: 151–60.
15.Perner, A, Haase, N, Guttormsen, AB, et al. Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.42 vs. Ringer's acetate in severe sepsis. N Engl J Med 2012; 367: 124–34.
16.Dubniks, M, Persson, J, Grände, PO. Effect of blood pressure on plasma volume loss in the rat under increased permeability. Intensive Care Med 2007; 33: 2192–8.
17.Nygren, A, Redfors, B, Thoren, A, Ricksten, SE. Norepinephrine causes a pressure-dependent plasma volume decrease in clinical vasodilatory shock. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2010; 54: 814–20.
18.Curry, FR, Rygh, CB, Karlsen, T, et al. Atrial natriuretic peptide modulation of albumin clearance and contrast agent permeability in mouse skeletal muscle and skin: role in regulation of plasma volume. J Physiol 2010; 588: 325–39.
19.Bark, B, Persson, J, Grände, PO. Importance of the infusion rate for the plasma expanding effect of 5% albumin, 6% HES130/0.4, 4% gelatin, and 0.9% NaCl in the septic rat. Crit Care Med 2013; 41: 857–66.
20.Hébert, PC, Wells, G, Blajchman, A, et al. A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. N Eng J Med 1999; 340: 409–18.
21.Valeri, CR, Donahue, K, Feingold, HM, Cassidy, GP, Altschule, MD. Increase in plasma volume after the transfusion of washed erythrocytes. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1986; 162: 30–6.
22.Hébert, PC, Fergusson, D, Blajchman, MA, et al. Leukoreduction Study Investigators. Clinical outcomes following institution of the Canadian Universal Leukoreduction Program for red blood cell transfusions. JAMA 2003; 289: 1941–9.
23.Naidech, A, Jovanovic, B, Wartenberg, K, et al. Higher hemoglobin is associated with improved outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Crit Care Med 2007; 35: 2383–9.
24.Smith, M, Stiefel, M, Magge, S, et al. Packed red blood cell transfusion increases local cerebral oxygenation. Crit Care Med 2005; 33: 1104–8.