To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Chapter 6 examines the Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition which marks the third stage of the demographic prehistory of Palaeolithic Europe: expansion. This stage coincides with two important events – the extinction of the Neanderthals and the arrival into Europe by early Homo sapiens. These events are examined through the lens of the expansion of social lives and the increased interconnectivity of regional groups by early European Homo sapiens.
Chapter 8 summarises the new four stage demographic prehistory of Palaeolithic Europe developed in this book, identifies the ongoing challenges in reconstructing Palaeolithic population histories and places the evidence from Europe in its global context.
Chapter 4 discusses the Lower Palaeolithic populations who lived during the first stage of the demographic prehistory of Palaeolithic Europe: visitation. Substantial differences in the demographic records of the Early and Middle Pleistocene are seen in this visitation stage, but Europe was a continental population sink throughout.
Demographic data from recent hunter-gatherers are frequently used to supplement the database available for prehistoric hunter-gatherers. Through the lens of Human Behaviour Ecology, Chapter 3 analyses demographic data from recent foragers, identifies common population controls and constraints and uses these to develop some expectations for Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers.
During the fourth and final stage of the demographic prehistory of Palaeolithic Europe, people intensified both their presence on the European landscape and their social and material lives. Chapter 7 discusses the developments that occurred within this intensification stage, as well as the demographic effects of the Last Glacial Maximum.
Chapter 1 introduces the key issues in Palaeolithic palaeodemography, the four-stage model of the demographic prehistory of Palaeolithic Europe developed in this book, and the social approach adopted which focuses on the role of women and children as drivers of population change, and the distinction between small and small-scale societies.
The Neanderthals of the Middle Palaeolithic occupied Europe during the second demographic stage: residency. The Neanderthal metapopulation persisted for hundreds of thousands of years, but variation in the intensity of their presence suggest a complex pattern of population growth and decline, including regular extinctions linked to the ‘small-scale’ nature and comparative isolation of many Neanderthal groups.
Stones (archaeology), bones, and genes are the three main data sources for reconstructing demography in the Palaeolithic. Chapter 2 discusses the main methods associated with each of these data sources and explains why a ‘multi-proxy’ approach is necessary.