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Preparing your materials

Policy on prior publication

When authors submit manuscripts to this journal, these manuscripts should not be under consideration, accepted for publication or in press within a different journal, book or similar entity, unless explicit permission or agreement has been sought from all entities involved. However, deposition of a preprint on the author’s personal website, in an institutional repository, or in a preprint archive shall not be viewed as prior or duplicate publication. Authors should follow the Cambridge University Press Preprint Policy regarding preprint archives and maintaining the version of record. 

Article Length

The minimum word count for Articles is 8,000, while the maximum is 15,000.

Short reviews should be approximately 200-300 words.

Preparing your article for submission

Manuscripts are accepted in English. American English spelling and punctuation are preferred.

Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order:

  • Cover page, including:
    • Authors, including Corresponding Author designation, full contact details and affiliations, including country
    • Abstract (100–120 words)
    • Keywords (5–8)
    • Disclosures (see below, Competing Interests)
  • Main text
  • Acknowledgements
  • Financial Support
  • Bibliography
  • Appendices (as appropriate)
  • Table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages)
  • Figure caption(s) (as a list)

If submitting files including Persian characters, a PDF must also be uploaded in addition to your Word document. Please ensure you have checked the PDF to ensure all characters have been rendered correctly prior to uploading.

Style guidelines

Please use double quotation marks, except where "a quotation is 'within' a quotation". Long quotations of 40 words or more should be indented without quotation marks.

Section headings should be concise.

Authors must also incorporate SI units. Units are not italicized.

When using a word which is or is asserted to be a proprietary term or trade mark, authors must use the symbol ® or ™.

If aligning words over several lines (e.g. to illustrate parallel syntactical structures), please indent the words using tabs not the space bar.

Transliteration Guidelines

1. Overview

For the transliteration of New Persian, authors may follow one of two methods, depending on their discipline and/or personal preference:

  1. The Iranian Studies guidelines
  2. The system used by the International Journal of Middle East Studies (IJMES)

The conventions of the Iranian Studies guidelines are detailed in section 2. For more information about IJMES, please click here; a convenient reference chart is available here. Whichever approach is chosen, it must be strictly and consistently adhered to. Failure to do so will result in the submission being rejected, even if it has passed peer review. Section 3 on formatting should be followed by all authors, irrespective of their transliteration system.

The transliteration of Avestan should employ the system of Karl Hoffmann; for Old Persian, R. G. Kent's Old Persian (New Haven, 1953); and for Middle Persian, D. N. Mackenzie's Concise Pahlavi Dictionary (London, 1971).

For the transliteration of Arabic and Ottoman Turkish, authors should utilize IJMES in a manner consistent with their rendering of New Persian (i.e. preserving or ignoring diacritics other than macrons).

NB: IJMES makes a distinction in the way it renders Arabic ة (/-a/) and its Persian counterpart ه (/-ih/); cf. al-wilāyāt al-mutaḥḥida vs. iyālāt-i mutaḥḥidih. Authors who wish to use IJMES may ignore this distinction and simply write /a/ or /i/ as appropriate, thus ki for که, nāma for نامه, and mutaḥḥida for متحده.

For other languages (e.g. Armenian, Hebrew), authors are advised to use the relevant ALA-LoC Romanization Table.

2. The Iranian Studies Scheme


ب b ج j د d س s ع ل l
پ p چ ch ذ z ش sh غ gh م m
ت t ح h ر r ص s ف f ن n
ث s خ kh ز z ض z ق q و v
ژ zh ط t ک k ه h
ظ z گ g ی y

Vowels and diphthongs

a (dast) دست ā (kār) کار ay (hay) حَی āy (āy) آی
e (gereft) گرفت i (did) دید ey (pey) پِی ow (rowshan) روشن
o (shod) شد u (bud) بود uy (guy) گوی oy (khoy) خوی

NB: The above tables reflect the standard variety of Persian spoken in Iran. It is important to acknowledge that there are other equally important varieties and dialects that do not follow this format. However, providing separate tables for each variety and dialect is beyond the scope of this guideline. Authors working on different varieties of Persian (e.g. Tajiki, Dari, Indo-Persian) as well as those working on other Iranian languages (e.g. Kurdish, Pashto) or dialects (e.g. Kurmanji Kurdish, Yazdi Persian) may make modifications as needed; the same goes for authors working on classical Persian.

Other rules: The following points are presented as best practices. However, different disciplines may require different methods, and in such cases, internal consistency is the most important factor.

  • The long vowel alef is represented with a macron (ā), not a circumflex (â).
  • Please use /ʾ/ (Unicode 02BE), and not a closed inverted comma [’] for hamzeh (ء).
  • Please use /ʿ/ (Unicode 02BF), and not an open inverted comma [‘] for eyn (ع).
  • The tashdid is represented by a doubling of the letter, e.g. bachcheh, takhassos. The glide /y/ does not follow this rule, e.g. adabiyāt not adabiyyāt.
  • When the letter ه is used to mark the final vowel /e/, it is kept in transliteration, e.g. beh, keh, nāmeh, shodeh, dowleh.
  • The ezāfeh is written as /-e/ after consonants, e.g. ketāb-e, and as /-ye/ after vowels, e.g. daryā-ye, khāneh-ye.
  • The author may choose to utilize hyphenation in other cases, such as to separate particles, enclitics, and compounds, as long as there is consistency throughout the manuscript.
  • There is no need to transliterate familiar names such as Isfahan, Ilkhanid, Mossadegh, etc. However, when using a direct quote, retain the original form, e.g.: "There is a popular saying about the city of Isfahan: esfahān nesf-e jahān ast." The Merriam-Webster Dictionary is a useful guide for anglicized words; if more than one variant is recorded, use the one that aligns most closely with your selected method.
  • The transliteration of other scholarship in quotation should not be altered.
3. Formatting
  • If quoting a long passage, use a block quote in the original script, followed by an English translation.
  • Use footnotes, not endnotes.
  • It is not required to include English translations of book or article titles that are not originally in English.
  • If aligning words over several lines to illustrate parallel syntactical structures, use the tab bar, not the space bar, to separate each word. The English translation, in a full sentence, will follow on the third line, e.g.:
                      khāneh    virān   ast
                      house     ruined  is
                      The house is ruined.

Reference style: Iranian Studies uses the Chicago Notes + Bibliography style of references. Please refer directly to the Chicago resources for styling and examples.

How to prepare your materials for blind peer review

Instructions for blinding your manuscript prior to peer review can be found here.

English language editing services 

Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This step is optional, but may help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the Editor and any reviewers.  

In order to help prospective authors to prepare for submission and to reach their publication goals, Cambridge University Press offers a range of high-quality manuscript preparation services – including language editing – delivered in partnership with American Journal Experts. You can find out more on our Language Services page.

Please note that the use of any of these services is voluntary, and at the author's own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge-published journal. 

Artwork, figures, and other graphics

All figures and tables should be supplied in separate files. Resolution: halftone images must be saved at 300dpi at approximately the final size. Line drawings should be saved at 1000 dpi, or 1200 dpi if very fine line weights have been used. Combination figures must be saved at a minimum of 600 dpi. Cambridge Journals recommends that only TIFF, EPS or PDF formats are used for electronic artwork. For more detailed guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format please see the Cambridge Journals Artwork Guide.

All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). In multi-part figures, each part should be labelled (e.g. Figure 1(a), Figure 1(b)).

Figure captions must be saved separately, as part of the file containing the complete text of the manuscript, and numbered correspondingly.

The filename for a graphic should be descriptive of the graphic, e.g. Figure1, Figure2a.

Color figures: Please indicate whether figures should be printed in color. There will be a charge of $320 for each color figure printed in the journal. If you select this option, you will be contacted by CCC-Rightslink who are acting on our behalf to collect Author Charges. If usable color figures are supplied, these figures will appear in color online regardless of whether or not they are reproduced in color in the printed version.

Reproduction of copyright material: Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. A copy of the paperwork granting permission should be provided to the Cambridge production editor. You may be asked to pay a permissions fee by the copyright holder; any permissions fees must be paid for by the author. For an example of a permissions request form please see the Cambridge Journals Artwork Guide.

Competing Interests

All authors must include a competing interest declaration in their title page. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article.

Competing interests are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations.

If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include competing interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. 

Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Competing interests: Author 1 is employed at organisation A, Author 2 is on the Board of company B and is a member of organisation C. Author 3 has received grants from company D.” If no competing interests exist, the declaration should state “Competing interests: The author(s) declare none”. 

Ethics and transparency policy requirements

Please review our ethics policies prior to submission.

Authorship and contributorship

All authors listed on any papers submitted to this journal must be in agreement that the authors listed would all be considered authors according to disciplinary norms, and that no authors who would reasonably be considered an author have been excluded. For further details on this journal’s authorship policy, please see this journal's publishing ethics policies.

All authors of a manuscript should include their full names and affiliations, including country of institution, on the cover page of the manuscript. One author should be identified as the Corresponding Author. Note that the designation of the Corresponding Author may be used to determine your eligibility for APC funding under Institutional Transformative (Open Access) Agreements.

All persons who have a reasonable claim to authorship must be named in the manuscript as co-authors, and the order of names should be agreed by all authors. The journal will no longer consider for publication papers with more than three authors. Colleagues who have otherwise assisted or collaborated should be recognized in the section for Acknowledgements. Please supply a short biographical note for each author.

Author affiliations

Author affiliations should represent the institution(s) at which the research presented was conducted and/or supported and/or approved. For non-research content, any affiliations should represent the institution(s) with which each author is currently affiliated. 

For more information, please see our author affiliation policy and author affiliation FAQs.


Authors can use this section to acknowledge and thank colleagues, institutions, workshop organizers, family members, etc. that have helped with the research and/or writing process. It is important that any type of funding information or financial support to be listed under ‘Financial Support’ rather than Acknowledgements so that it can easily be tagged and captured separately.

Financial Support

Please supply all details required by any funding and grant-awarding bodies as a separate section of your manuscript, as follows:

For single agency grants: "This work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx]."

For multiple agency grants: "This work was supported by the [Funding Agency 1] under Grant [number xxxx]; [Funding Agency 2] under Grant [number xxxx]; and [Funding Agency 3] under Grant [number xxxx.]"

Where no specific funding has been provided for research, please provide the following statement:

"This research received no specific grant funding form any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors."


We require all corresponding authors to identify themselves using ORCID when submitting a manuscript to this journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration with key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you have authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

See our ORCID FAQs for more information.

If you don’t already have an iD, you will need to create one if you decide to submit a manuscript to this journal. You can register for one directly from your user account on ScholarOne, or alternatively via

If you already have an iD, please use this when submitting your manuscript, either by linking it to your ScholarOne account, or by supplying it during submission using the "Associate your existing ORCID iD" button.

Supplementary materials

Material that is not essential to understanding or supporting a manuscript, but which may nonetheless be relevant or interesting to readers, may be submitted as supplementary material. Supplementary material will be published online alongside your article, but will not be published in the pages of the journal. Types of supplementary material may include, but are not limited to, appendices, additional tables or figures, datasets, videos, and sound files.

Supplementary materials will not be typeset or copyedited, so should be supplied exactly as they are to appear online. Please see our general guidance on supplementary materials for further information.

Where relevant we encourage authors to publish additional qualitative or quantitative research outputs in an appropriate repository, and cite these in manuscripts.

Author Hub

You can find guides for many aspects of publishing with Cambridge at Author Hub, our suite of resources for Cambridge authors.