Archibald, S. & Bond, W.J. (2003) Growing tall vs. growing wide: tree architecture and allometry of Acacia karroo in forest, savanna and arid environments. Oikos 102: 3–14.
Archibald, S., Bond, W.J., Stock, W. D., & Fairbanks, D. H. K. (2005) Shaping the landscape: fire–grazer interactions in an African savanna. Ecological Applications 15: 96–109.
Balfour, D. A. & Midgley, J.J. (2008) A demographic perspective on bush encroachment by Acacia karroo in Hluhluwe-Infolozi Park, South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 25: 147–151.
Barthélémy, D. & Caraglio, Y. (2007) Plant architecture: a dynamic, multilevel and comprehensive approach to plant form, structure and ontogeny. Annals of Botany 99: 375–407.
Baudena, M., Dekker, S. C., van Bodegom, P. M., et al. (2015) Forests, savannas and grasslands: bridging the knowledge gap between ecology and Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. Biogeosciences 12: 1833–1848.
Bond, W.J. (2005) Large parts of the world are brown or black: a different view of the Green World Hypothesis. Journal of Vegetation Science 16: 261–266.
Bond, W.J. & Loffell, D. (2001) Introduction of giraffe changes acacia distribution in a South African savanna. African Journal of Ecology 39: 286–294.
Bond, W.J. & Midgley, J.J. (2001) Ecology of sprouting in woody plants: the persistence niche. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 45–51.
Bond, W.J. & Midgley, J.J. (2003) The evolutionary ecology of sprouting in woody plants. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 103–114.
Bond, W.J. & van Wilgen, B. A. (1996) Fire and plants. Chapman and Hall, London.
Bond, W.J., Smythe, K., & Balfour, D. A. (2001). Acacia species turnover in space and time in an African savanna. Journal of Biogeography 28: 117–128.
Brown, W. (1960). Ants, acacias and browsing animals. Ecology 41: 587–592.
Burrows, G. E., Hornby, S. K., Waters, D. A., et al. (2008) Leaf axil anatomy and bud reserves in 21 Myrtaceae species from northern Australia. International Journal of Plant Sciences 169: 1174–1186.
Burrows, G. E., Hornby, S. K., Waters, D. A., et al. (2010) A wide diversity of epicormic structures is present in Myrtaceae species in the northern Australian savanna biome – implications for adaptation to fire. Australian Journal of Botany 58: 493–507.
Charles-Dominique, T., Beckett, H., Midgley, G. F., & Bond, W.J. (2015a) Bud protection: a key trait for species sorting in a forest–savanna mosaic. New Phytologist 207: 1052–1060.
Charles-Dominique, T., Staver, A. C., Midgley, G. F., & Bond, W.J. (2015b) Functional differentiation of biomes in an African savanna/forest mosaic. South African Journal of Botany 101: 82–90.
Clarke, P.J., Lawes, M.J., Midgley, J.J., et al. (2013) Resprouting as a key functional trait: how buds, protection and resources drive persistence after fire. New Phytologist 197: 19–35.
Dantas, V. D. L. & Pausas, J. G. (2013) The lanky and the corky: fire-escape strategies in savanna woody species. Journal of Ecology 101: 1265–1272.
du Toit, J. T., Bryant, J. P., & Frisby, K. (1990) Regrowth and palatability of Acacia shoots following pruning by African savanna browsers. Ecology 71: 149–154.
Dubois, M., Gilles, K. A., Hamilton, J. K., Rebers, P., & Smith, F. (1956) Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry 28: 350–356.
Eldridge, D.J., Bowker, M. A., Maestre, F. T., et al. (2011) Impacts of shrub encroachment on ecosystem structure and functioning: towards a global synthesis. Ecological Letters 14: 709–722.
Gignoux, J., Clobert, J., & Menaut, J.-C. (1997) Alternative fire resistance strategies in savanna trees. Oecologia 110: 576–583.
Grime, J. P. (1997) Biodiversity and ecosystem function: the debate deepens. Science 277(5330) 1260–1261.
Hempson, G., Midgley, J.J., Lawes, M. J., Vickers, K. V., & Kruger, L. M. (2014) Comparing bark thickness: testing methods with bark-stem data from two South African fire-prone biomes. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 1247–1256.
Higgins, S. I., Bond, W.J., & Trollope, W. S. W. (2000) Fire, resprouting and variability: a recipe for grass–tree coexistence in savanna. Journal of Ecology 88: 221–229.
Hodgkinson, K. C. (1998) Sprouting success of shrubs after fire: height-dependent relationships for different strategies. Oecologia 115: 64–72.
Hoffmann, W. A., Jaconis, S. Y., McKinley, K. L., et al. (2012) Fuels or microclimate? Understanding the drivers of fire feedbacks at savanna–forest boundaries. Austral Ecology 37: 634–643.
Keddy, P. A. (2007) Plants and vegetation: origins, processes, consequences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Keeley, J. E. & Zedler, P. H. (1998) Evolution of life histories in Pinus. In: Ecology and biogeography of Pinus (ed. Richardson, D. M.), pp. 219–249. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kruger, L. M., Midgley, J.J., & Cowling, R. M. (1997) Resprouters versus reseeders in South African forest trees; a model based on canopy height. Functional Ecology 11: 101–105.
Leishmann, M. R., Wright, I. A., Moles, A. T., & Westoby, M. (2000) The evolutionary ecology of seed size. In: Seeds: the ecology of regeneration in plant communities (ed. Fenner, M.), pp. 31–57. CABI, Wallingford.
Loehle, C. (2000) Strategy space and the disturbance spectrum: a life-history model for tree species coexistence. The American Naturalist 156: 14–33.
McGill, B. J., Enquist, B. J., Weiher, E., & Westoby, M. (2006) Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21: 178–185.
McIntyre, S., Lavorel, S., Landsberg, J., & Forbes, T. D. A. (1999) Disturbance response in vegetation – towards a global perspective on functional traits. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 621–630.
Midgley, J.J. (1996) Why the world's vegetation is not totally dominated by resprouting plants. Ecography 19: 92–95.
Midgley, J.J. & Bond, W.J. (2001) A synthesis of the demography of African acacias. Journal of Tropical Ecology 17: 871–886.
Midgley, J.J., Botha, M. A., & Balfour, D. A. (2001) Patterns of thorn length, density, type and colour in African acacias. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 18: 59–61.
Mucina, L. & Rutherford, M. C. (2006) The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Noble, I. R. & Slatyer, R. O. (1980). The use of vital attributes to predict successional changes in plant communities subject to recurrent disturbances. In: Succession, pp. 5–21. Springer, Dordrecht.
Parr, C. L., Gray, E. F., & Bond, W.J. (2012) Cascading biodiversity and functional consequences of a global change-induced biome switch. Diversity and Distributions 18: 493–503.
Pausas, J. G. (1999) Response of plant functional types to changes in the fire regime in Mediterranean ecosystems: a simulation approach. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 717–722.
Pellegrini, A. F. A., Hoffmann, W. A., & Franco, A. C. (2014) Carbon accumulation and nitrogen pool recovery during transitions from savanna to forest in central Brazil. Ecology 95: 342–352.
Raunkiær, C. (1937) Plant life forms. The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Reich, P. B., Walters, M. B., Ellsworth, D. S., et al. (1998) Relationship of leaf dark respiration to leaf nitrogen, specific leaf area, and leaf life-span: a test across biomes and functional groups. Oecologia 114: 471–482.
Rusch, G. M., Pausas, J. G., & Lepš, J. (2003) Plant functional types in relation to disturbance and land use: introduction. Journal of Vegetation Science 14: 307–310.
Sankaran, M., Hanan, N. P., Scholes, R. J., et al. (2005) Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature 438(7069): 846–849.
Scheffer, M. & Carpenter, S. R. (2003) Catastrophic regime shifts in ecosystems: linking theory to observation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18: 648–656.
Schutz, A. E. N., Bond, W.J. & Cramer, M. D. (2009) Juggling carbon: allocation patterns of a dominant tree in a fire-prone savanna. Oecologia 160: 235–246.
Staver, A. C., Bond, W.J., Stock, W. D., van Rensburg, S.J., & Waldram, M. S. (2009) Browsing and fire interact to suppress tree density in an African savanna. Ecological Applications 19: 1909–1919.
Staver, A. C., Bond, W.J., Cramer, M. D., & Wakeling, J. L. (2012) Top-down determinants of niche structure and adaptation among African acacias. Ecology Letters 15: 673–679.
Tilman, D. (1990) Constraints and tradeoffs: toward a predictive theory of competition and succession. Oikos 58: 3–15.
Vesk, P. A. (2006) Plant size and resprouting ability: trading tolerance and avoidance of damage? Journal of Ecology 94: 1027–1034.
Waldram, M. S., Bond, W.J., & Stock, W. D. (2008) Ecological engineering by a mega-grazer: white rhino impacts on a South African savanna. Ecosystems 11: 101–112.
Warman, L. & Moles, A. T. (2009) Alternative stable states in Australia's wet tropics: a theoretical framework for the field data and a field-case for the theory. Landscape Ecology 24: 1–13.
Wakeling, J. L., Staver, A. C., & Bond, W.J. (2011) Simply the best: the transition of savanna saplings to trees. Oikos 120: 1448–1451.
Watson, H. K. (1995) Management implications of vegetation changes in Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park. South African Geographical Journal 77: 77–83.
Westoby, M. (1998) A leaf–height–seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme. Plant and Soil 199: 213–227.
Westoby, M., Leishman, M. R., & Lord, J. M. (1996) Comparative ecology of seed size and seed dispersal. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 351: 1309–1318.
Westoby, M., Falster, D. S., Moles, A. T., Vesk, P. A., & Wright, I.J. (2002) Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 33: 125–159.
Whateley, A. & Porter, R. N. (1983) The woody vegetation communities of the Hluhluwe–Corridor–Umfolozi Game Reserve Complex. Bothalia 14: 745–758.
Wigley, B.J., Bond, W.J., & Hoffman, M. (2010) Thicket expansion in a South African savanna under divergent land use: local vs. global drivers? Global Change Biology 16: 964–976.
Wigley, B.J., Fritz, H., Coetsee, C., & Bond, W.J. (2014) Herbivores shape woody plant communities in the Kruger National Park: lessons from three long-term exclosures. Koedoe 56: art. #1165.
Wilson, J. B. & Agnew, A. D. (1992) Positive-feedback switches in plant communities. Advances in Ecological Research 23: 263–336.
Woodward, F. I., Lomas, M. R., & Kelly, C. K. (2004) Global climate and the distribution of plant biomes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 359: 1465–1476.