Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 4
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: March 2017

10 - Interactions between Fire and Ecosystem Processes

from Part II - Theoretical Advances in Savanna Ecology

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
10.7
Aitken, R. D. & Gale, G. W. (1921) Botanical survey of Natal and Zululand. Government Printing and Stationery Office, Pretoria.
Archibald, S. (2008) African grazing lawns – how fire, rainfall, and grazer numbers interact to affect grass community states.Journal of Wildlife Management 72: 492501.
Archibald, S. & Bond, W.J. (2004) Grazer movements: spatial and temporal responses to burning in a tall-grass African savanna. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13: 377385.
Archibald, S., Bond, W. J., Stock, W. D., & Fairbanks, D. H. K. (2005) Shaping the landscape: fire–grazer interactions in an African savanna. Ecological Applications 15: 96109.
Archibald, S., Roy, D. P., van Wilgen, B. W., & Scholes, R.J. (2009) What limits fire? An examination of drivers of burnt area in Southern Africa. Global Change Biology 15: 613630.
Archibald, S., Nickless, A., Govender, N., Scholes, R.J., & Lehsten, V. (2010a) Climate and the inter-annual variability of fire in southern Africa. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19: 794809.
Archibald, S., Scholes, R. J., Roy, D. P., Roberts, G., & Boschetti, L. (2010b) Southern African fire regimes as revealed by remote sensing. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 861878.
Archibald, S., Staver, A. C., & Levin, S. A. (2012) Evolution of human-driven fire regimes in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109: 847852.
Archibald, S., Lehmann, C. E., Gómez-Dans, J. L., & Bradstock, R. A. (2013) Defining pyromes and global syndromes of fire regimes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110: 64426447.
Balfour, D. A. & Howison, O. E. (2001) Spatial and temporal variation in a mesic savanna fire regime: responses to variation in annual rainfall. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 19: 4553.
Berry, A. & Macdonald, I. A. W. (1979) Fire regime characteristics in the Hluhluwe–Corridor–Umfolozi Game Reserve Complex in Zululand. Area description and an analysis of causal factors and seasonal incidence of fire in the central complex with particular reference to the period 1955 to 1978. Unpublished report, Natal Parks Board, Pietermaritzburg.
Biggs, H. C. & Potgieter, A. L. F. (1999) Overview of the fire management policy of the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 42: 101111.
Biggs, H. C. & Rogers, K. H. (2003) An adaptive system to link science, monitoring and management in practice. In The Kruger experience: ecology and management of savanna heterogeneity (eds.du Toit, J. T., Rogers, K. H., & Biggs, H. C.), pp. 5980. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Bond, W.J. (2005) Large parts of the world are brown or black: a different view on the ‘Green World’ hypothesis. Journal of Vegetation Science 16: 261266.
Bond, W. J. & Archibald, S. (2003) Confronting complexity: fire policy choices in South African savanna parks. International Journal of Wildland Fire 12: 381389.
Bond, W.J. & Midgley, G. F. (2012) Carbon dioxide and the uneasy interactions of trees and savannah grasses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 367: 601612.
Bond, W.J. & Van Wilgen, B. W. (1996) Fire and plants. Population and Community Biology series Vol. 14, Chapman and Hall, London.
Bond, W.J., Smythe, K. A. & Balfour, D. A. (2001) Acacia species turnover in space and time in an African savanna. Journal of Biogeography 28: 117128.
Bradstock, R. A. (2010) A biogeographic model of fire regimes in Australia: contemporary and future implications. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19: 145158.
Brockett, B. H., Biggs, H. C., & Van Wilgen, B. W. (2001) A patch mosaic burning system for conservation areas in southern African savannas. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10: 169183.
Browne, C. & Bond, W. (2011) Firestorms in savanna and forest ecosystems: curse or cure? Veld & Flora 97: 6263.
Burkepile, D. E., Burns, C. E., Tambling, C.J., et al. (2013) Habitat selection by large herbivores in a southern African savanna: the relative roles of bottom-up and top-down forces. Ecosphere 4: 119.
Coetsee, C., February, E. C., & Bond, W.J. (2008) Nitrogen availability is not affected by frequent fire in a South African savanna. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24: 647654.
Coetsee, C., Bond, W.J., & February, E. C. (2010) Frequent fire affects soil nitrogen and carbon in an African savanna by changing woody cover. Oecologia 162: 10271034.
Cox, J. T. & Durrett, R. (1988) Limit theorems for the spread of epidemics and forest fires. Stochastic Processes and their Applications 30: 171191.
East, R. (1984) Rainfall, soil nutrient status and biomass of large African savanna mammals. African Journal of Ecology 22: 245270.
Fritz, H. & Duncan, P. (1994) On the carrying capacity for large ungulates of African savanna ecosystems. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 256: 7782.
Gill, A. M. (1975) Fire and the Australian flora: a review. Australian Forestry 38: 425.
Govender, N., Trollope, W. S., & Van Wilgen, B. W. (2006) The effect of fire season, fire frequency, rainfall and management on fire intensity in savanna vegetation in South Africa.Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 748758.
Hantson, S., Pueyo, S., & Chuvieco, E. (2015) Global fire size distribution is driven by human impact and climate. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 7786.
Hartshorn, A. S., Coetsee, C., & Chadwick, O. A. (2009) Pyromineralization of soil phosphorus in a South African savanna. Chemical Geology 267: 2431.
Hempson, G. P., Archibald, S., & Bond, W.J. (2015a) A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science 350: 10561061.
Hempson, G. P., Archibald, S., Bond, W.J., et al. (2015b) Ecology of grazing lawns in Africa. Biological Reviews 90: 979994.
Henkel, J. S. (1937) Report on the plant and animal ecology of the Hluhluwe Game Reserve, with special reference to tsetse flies. The Natal Witness, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
Hennenberg, K.J., Fischer, F., Kouadio, K., et al. (2006) Phytomass and fire occurrence along forest savanna transects in the Comoe National Park, Ivory Coast.Journal of Tropical Ecology 22: 303311.
Higgins, S. I., Bond, W.J., & Trollope, W. S. (2000) Fire, resprouting and variability: a recipe for grass–tree coexistence in savanna.Journal of Ecology 88: 213229.
Hoffmann, W. A. & Solbrig, O. T. (2003) The role of topkill in the differential response of savanna woody species to fire. Forest Ecology and Management 180: 273286.
Hoffmann, W. A., Orthen, B., & Nascimento, P. K. V. D. (2003) Comparative fire ecology of tropical savanna and forest trees. Functional Ecology 17: 720726.
Holdo, R. M., Mack, M. C., & Arnold, S. G. (2012) Tree canopies explain fire effects on soil nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon in a savanna ecosystem.Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 352360.
Keeley, J. E. & Rundel, P. W. (2005) Fire and the Miocene expansion of C4 grasslands. Ecology Letters 8: 683690.
Korontzi, S., Justice, C. O., & Scholes, R. J. (2003) Influence of timing and spatial extent of savanna fires in southern Africa on atmospheric emissions.Journal of Arid Environments 54: 395404.
Lehmann, C. E. R., Archibald, S. A., Hoffmann, W. A., & Bond, W. J. (2011) Deciphering the distribution of the savanna biome. New Phytologist 191: 197209.
Little, J. K., Prior, L. D., Williamson, G.J., Williams, S. E., & Bowman, D. M. (2012) Fire weather risk differs across rain forest–savanna boundaries in the humid tropics of north-eastern Australia. Austral Ecology 37: 915925.
Macdonald, I. A. W. & Frame, G. W. (1988) The invasion of introduced species into nature reserves in tropical savannas and dry woodlands. Biological Conservation 44: 6793.
Maurin, O., Davies, T. J., Burrows, J. E., et al. (2014) Savanna fire and the origins of the ‘underground forests’ of Africa. New Phytologist 204: 201214.
McKenzie, D., Miller, C. & Falk, D. A. (2011) The landscape ecology of fire. Springer, Berlin.
Mills, A.J. & Fey, M. V. (2004) Frequent fires intensify soil crusting: physicochemical feedback in the pedoderm of long-term burn experiments in South Africa. Geoderma 121: 4564.
Mucina, L. & Rutherford, M. C. (2006) The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Norton-Griffiths, M. (1979) The influence of grazing, browsing, and fire on the vegetation dynamics of the Serengeti. In: Serengeti: dynamics of an ecosystem (eds Sinclair, A. R. E. & Norton-Griffiths, M.), pp. 310352. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Ojima, D. S., Schimel, D. S., Parton, W.J., & Owensby, C. E. (1994) Long- and short-term effects of fire on nitrogen cycling in tallgrass prairie. Biogeochemistry 24: 6784.
Osborne, C. P. (2008) Atmosphere, ecology and evolution: what drove the Miocene expansion of C(4) grasslands? Journal of Ecology 96: 3545.
Parr, C. L. & Anderson, A. N. (2006) Patch mosaic burn for biodiversity conservation: a critique of the pyrodiversity paradigm. Conservation Biology 20: 16101619.
Pellegrini, A. F. A., Hedin, L. O., Staver, A. C., & Govender, N. (2015) Fire alters ecosystem carbon and nutrients but not plant nutrient stoichiometry or composition in tropical savanna. Ecology 96: 12751285.
Polley, H. W.,Johnson, H. B., & Mayeux, H. S. (1994) Increasing CO2: comparative responses of the C4 grass Schizachyrium and grassland invader Prosopis. Ecology 75: 976988.
Radke, J. (2013) Fire and firestorms. In: Encyclopedia of natural hazards SE – 134 (ed. Bobrowsky, P. T.), pp. 323324. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences series. Springer Dordrecht.
Reich, P. B., Peterson, D. W., Wedin, D. A., & Wrage, K. (2001) Fire and vegetation effects on productivity and nitrogen cycling across a forest–grassland continuum. Ecology 82: 17031719.
Sankaran, M., Hanan, N. P., Scholes, R.J., et al. (2005) Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature 438: 846849.
Scheffer, M. & Carpenter, S. R. (2003) Catastrophic regime shifts in ecosystems: linking theory to observation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18: 648656.
Scholes, R.J. & Archer, S. R. (1997) Tree–grass interactions in savannas. Annual Review of Ecological Systematics 28: 517544.
Scholes, R.J. & Walker, B. H. (1993) An African savanna: synthesis of the Nylsvley study. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Scholes, R. J., Archibald, S., Colvin, C., et al. (2010) Global change risk analysis: understanding and reducing key risks to ecosystem services associated with climate change in South Africa. p. 21.
Scott, J. D. (1955) Principles of pasture management. In: The grasses and pastures of South Africa (ed. Meredith, D.), pp. 601623. Central News Agency, Johannesburg.
Simon, M. F. & Pennington, T. (2012) Evidence for adaptation to fire regimes in the tropical savannas of the Brazilian cerrado. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 711723.
Skowno, A. L., Midgley, J.J., Bond, W.J., & Balfour, D. (1999) Secondary succession in Acacia nilotica (L.) savanna in the Hluhluwe Game Reserve, South Africa. Plant Ecology 145: 19.
Staver, A. C., Bond, W.J., Stock, W. D., van Rensburg, S.J., & Waldram, M. S. (2009) Browsing and fire interact to suppress tree density in an African savanna. Ecological Applications 19: 19091919.
Staver, A. C., Bond, W.J., Cramer, M. D., & Wakeling, J. L. (2012) Top-down determinants of niche structure and adaptation among African Acacias. Ecology Letters 15: 673679.
Strydom, T., Rowe, T., Riddell, E., Govender, N., & Lorentz, S. (2014) Pyrohydrology in African savannas. Report 2146/1/14. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.
Sullivan, A. L. (2008) Wildland surface fire spread modelling, 1990–2007. 3: Simulation and mathematical analogue models. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18: 387403.
Tainton, N. M. (1985) Recent trends in grazing management philosophy in South Africa. Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 2: 46.
Tainton, N. M., Groves, R. H., & Nash, R. (1977) Time of mowing and burning veld: short term effects on production and tiller development. Proceedings of the Annual Congresses of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 12: 5964.
te Beest, M., Cromsigt, J. P. G. M., Ngobese, J., & Olff, H. (2012) Managing invasions at the cost of native habitat? An experimental test of the impact of fire on the invasion of Chromolaena odorata in a South African savanna. Biological Invasions 14: 607618.
Tomor, B. M. & Owen-Smith, N. (2002) Comparative use of burnt and unburnt grassland by grazing ungulates in the Nylsvley nature reserve, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology 40: 201204.
Trollope, W. S. W. (1974) Role of fire in preventing bush encroachment in the Eastern Cape. Proceedings of the Annual Congresses of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 9: 6772.
Trollope, W. S. W. & Tainton, N. M. (2007) Effect of fire intensity on the grass and bush components of the Eastern Cape thornveld. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 3: 3742.
Trollope, W. S. W., Trollope, L. A., Biggs, H. C., Pienaar, D., & Potgieter, A. L. F. (1998) Long-term changes in the woody vegetation of the Kruger National Park, with special reference to the effects of elephants and fire. Koedoe 41: 103112.
Turner, M. G., Gardner, R. H., Dale, V. H., & O'Neill, R. V. (1989) Predicting the spread of disturbance across heterogeneous landscapes. Oikos 55: 121129.
Twidwell, D., Rogers, W. E., Fuhlendorf, S. D., et al. (2013) The rising Great Plains fire campaign: citizens’ response to woody plant encroachment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 6471.
Van Wilgen, B. W., Govender, N., Biggs, H. C., Ntsala, D., & Funda, X. N. (2004) Response of savanna fire regimes to changing fire-management policies in a large African national park. Conservation Biology 18: 15331540.
Van Wilgen, B. W., Govender, N. & MacFadyen, S. (2008) An assessment of the implementation and outcomes of recent changes to fire management in the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 50: 2231.
Vincent, J. (1970) The history of Umfolozi Game Reserve, Zululand, as it relates to management. Lammergeyer 11: 748.
Wakeling, J. L. & Bond, W.J. (2007) Disturbance and the frequency of root suckering in an invasive savanna shrub, Dichrostachys cinerea. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 24: 7376.
Wakeling, J. L., Staver, A. C., & Bond, W. J. (2011) Simply the best: the transition of savanna saplings to trees. Oikos 120: 14481451.
Waldram, M. S., Bond, W.J., & Stock, W. D. (2008) Ecological engineering by a mega-grazer: white rhino impacts on a South African savanna. Ecosystems 11: 101112.
Ward, C. J. (1962) Report on scrub control in the Hluhluwe Game Reserve. Lammergeyer 2: 5762.
Wigley, B.J., Bond, W.J., & Hoffman, M. (2010) Thicket expansion in a South African savanna under divergent land use: local vs. global drivers? Global Change Biology 16: 964976.
Williams, R. J. & Bradstock, R. A. (2009) Large fires and their ecological consequences: introduction to the special issue. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 685687.
Wilsey, B.J. (1996) Variation in use of green flushes following burns among African ungulate species: the importance of body size. African Journal of Ecology 34: 3238.
Yates, C. P., Edwards, A. C., & Russell-Smith, J. (2008) Big fires and their ecological impacts in Australian savannas: size and frequency matters. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 768781.
Yoganand, K. & Owen-Smith, N. (2014) Restricted habitat use by an African savanna herbivore through the seasonal cycle: key resources concept expanded. Ecography 37: 969982.