Published online by Cambridge University Press: 18 September 2020
This chapter provides an introductory review of cognitive-psychological research on personality traits and performance. Traits correlate with objective performance measures in both laboratory and real-world settings, but observed correlations are typically open to multiple explanations. The cognitive psychological perspective is that models of performance can identify information-processing routines that determine performance, such as attention, memory and response selection. In personality research, we can then investigate relationships between traits and individual differences in such component processes that underpin the observed trait-performance correlation. One of the goals of this chapter is to illustrate some of the relationships between traits and information-processing that have been identified from empirical performance studies, and their explanation from cognitive science theory.