To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We introduce a novel method to improve the computational efficiency for (S)TEM image simulation by employing matrix diagonalization of the mixed envelope function (MEF). The MEF is derived by taking the finite size and the energy spread of the effective electron source into account, and is a component of the transmission cross-coefficient that accounts for the correlation between partially coherent waves. Since the MEF is a four-dimensional array and its application in image calculations is time-consuming, we reduce the computation time by using its eigenvectors. By incorporating the aperture function into the matrix diagonalization, only a small number of eigenvectors are required to approximate the original matrix with high accuracy. The diagonalization enables for each eigenvector the calculation of the corresponding image by employing the coherent model. The individual images are weighted by the corresponding eigenvalues and then summed up, resulting in the total partially coherent image.