The upper 180 ft. (55 m.) of Lake Vanda in Wright Valley, south Victoria Land, is essentially potable, whereas that part below 200 ft. (61 m.) is more than three times as saline as sea-water. The salinity below 200 ft. (61 in.) resulted from the evaporation and freezing, mainly during interglacial (Loop-Trilogy) time, of a larger, less saline body of water.
An alluvial fan in Wright Valley has been dated as interglacial on the basis of (1) ice-marginal channels formed in Loop time that cut across it, and (2) the fjord-like longitudinal cross-section of the valley formed by the ice of the oldest glaciation or glaciations.
Fossils found in till and glacio-fluvial deposits in the McMurdo Sound region, south Victoria Land, date from both early and late Pleistocene interglacial time.
An ocean-bottom core sample obtained in the Ross Sea contained interglacial material. The presence in the sample of glacial marine sediments deposited in interglacial time suggests that the Antarctic Ice Sheet maintained itself throughout the Pleistocene.
Sub-surface efflorescences consisting of a layer of pure salts as much as 3 in, (7.6 cm.) thick are found 2−5 in. (5−13 cm.) below the surface in Loop deposits in Wright Valley. The absence of similar thick occurrences in Trilogy deposits indicates that the efflorescences are, in part at least, interglacial.
Interglacial cinder cones and lava flows are found in the McMurdo Sound area, and some of the widespread scoria present in moraines, glacio-fluvial deposits and beaches dates from interglacial time.