To ask the questions how we remember familiar historical figures and how they would like to have been remembered befits, perhaps, a collection of essays like this one. For us today, Herder is important as one of the leading literary figures of the German Sturm una Drang. He made seminal contributions as a philologist and linguistic ethnographer, as an aesthete and critic. We think of him, too, as a Christian philosopher who questioned, like his dear friend, Hamann, the sceptical empiricism of Hume, and, more especially, their own teacher, Kant, who had brought Hume to their notice. Historians see Herder as the father of the idea of history as it is experienced and interpreted by each generation, and as the progenitor of our modern romantic and nationalist movements.