Sushrutra Samhita is essentially a multi-volume textbook reporting the surgical practices of ancient India. It covers all aspects of surgery. However, specific references are made to otorhinological conditions, their description and subsequent treatments often being described in some detail.
In this paper we outline the structure of the document and attempt to explain its underlying philosophies. We highlight the specific references to otological diseases and their treatment and draw the obvious comparisons with modern otological practice.