Type I collagen in a porous sponge form attracts fibroblasts in culture and accelerates repair of animal wounds. This study examines the effect of type I collagen sponge and flakes on healing of chronic skin ulcers. Patients included in this study had skin ulcers.
Patients included in this study had skin ulcers characterized by loss of dermis and epidermis without exposure of muscle, tendon or bone. Patients showing evidence of systemic infection or patients with ulcers that decreased in area during an initial three week observation period were excluded.
Three out of seven patients treated with a collagen sponge and twelve out of fourteen patients treated with collagen flakes showed a 40% decrease in wound area after six weeks of treatment. In comparison, eighteen control patients showed no change in wound area over the same time interval. These results suggest that collagen flakes are effective in initiating healing of chronic skin ulcers.