Since 1975, I have spent a large part of my practice and academic career devoted to the field of international white collar crime, and hence it is my passion.
This book is intended as a survey and overview of international white collar crime.
The book can be used by practitioners and policy makers, whether in government, international organizations, legislatures, nongovernmental organizations, trade associations, and businesses. The book can also be used for training of national and international law enforcement officials. While the discussions emphasize a legal perspective, they also draw on foreign policy, national security, and criminal justice perspectives. The book also discusses the international organization theory, namely the roles of developing international enforcement regimes and subregimes and international networks.
This book discusses the rise of international economic crime and recent U.S. and international strategies to combat such crime. A word on the organization of the book is in order. The book has three main parts. The first discusses substantive crimes, particularly tax, money laundering and counterterrorism financial enforcement, transnational corruption, transnational organized crime, export control and economic sanctions, international securities enforcement, and international environmental enforcement. The second part discusses procedural aspects of international white collar crime, namely extraterritorial jurisdiction, evidence gathering, extradition, and international prisoner transfer. The third part discusses the role of international organizations, including the United Nations, the World Bank Group, INTERPOL, and economic integration groups.
The book captures the phenomena of convergence enforcement, whereby law enforcement, on different levels, uses the convergence of different substantive areas, such as anti-corruption, anti–money laundering, economic sanctions, and tax transparency, to start investigations and prosecutions, as well as to develop policies and enforcement regimes.
This second edition has two new chapters. One (Chapter 7) is on international environmental enforcement. It discusses the International Criminal Court jurisdiction for the environment, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, the Convention on the Protection of the Environment through Criminal Law (Council of Europe), and State Responsibility Under Generally Recognized Principles of Law. It also discusses actions of international organizations, including the UN, Interpol, and the Group of 7. The chapter looks at environmental enforcement in the context of economic integration, especially the European Union, NAFTA, and other forms of environmental cooperation.