Five populations of young, massive, compact star clusters have been identified in the “Antennae galaxies”, the nearest and youngest example of a prototypical merging galaxy. The brightest of these clusters have all the attributes expected of young globular clusters, hence allowing us to study the formation and evolution of globular clusters in the local universe. Comparisons between the different populations and a variety of multi-wavelength observations are providing new insights into the formation of the clusters. For example, the very red clusters originally identified by Whitmore and Schweizer (1995) appear to be the youngest population, just emerging from their dust cocoon. The cluster luminosity functions for a wide variety of galaxies (i.e., mergers, starbursts, barred galaxies, spirals) appear to follow a “universal” power law, with index ≈ −2. The primary difference between the different galaxies is the normalization, with roughly a tenfold increase in the number of clusters in merging and starbursting galaxies. Hence, the fact that the brightest clusters are in mergers may be largely a statistical result. Simulations are now showing how the initial power law distribution for the clusters will evolve toward the peaked distribution found for old globular clusters, via a combination of processes including two-body evaporation, disk shocking, and stellar mass loss.