A new theory in contact pressure distribution and friction limit surfaces for modeling of hemicylindrical soft fingertips is introduced, to define the relationship between friction force and the moment with respect to the normal axis of contact. A general pressure-distribution function is proposed to capture material properties and contact geometry with various pressure profiles, and the coefficient of pressure distribution over the rectangular contact area is found between π and π/2. Combining the results of the contact mechanics model with the contact pressure distribution, the normalized friction limit surface can be derived for anthropomorphic soft fingers. The numerical friction limit surface of hemicylindrical soft-finger contact can be approximated by an ellipse, with the major and minor axes as the maximum friction force and the maximum moment with respect to the normal axis of contact, respectively. The results show that the friction limit surfaces are improved (13%–17%), if hemicylindrical fingertips are used rather than hemispherical fingertips at the same radius of fingertip, shape factor of the pressure profile, and applied load. Furthermore, the results of the contact mechanics model and the pressure distribution for soft fingers facilitate the construction of numerical friction limit surfaces, enabling to analyze and simulate the contact behaviors of grasping and manipulation in humanoid robots, prosthetic hands, and robotic hands.