Turati, F, Rossi, M, Pelucchi, C
et al. (2015) Fruit and vegetables and cancer risk: a review of southern European studies. Br J Nutr
113, Suppl. 2, S102–S110.
Link, LB & Potter, JD (2004) Raw versus cooked vegetables and cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev
Sant, M, Allemani, C, Sieri, S
et al. (2007) Salad vegetables dietary pattern protects against HER-2-positive breast cancers: a prospective Italian study. Int J Cancer
Aune, D, Giovannucci, E, Boffetta, P
et al. (2017) Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality – a systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Int J Epidemiol
von Ruesten, A, Feller, S, Bergmann, MM
et al. (2013) Diet and risk of chronic diseases: results from the first 8 years of follow-up in the EPIC-Potsdam study. Eur J Clin Nutr
Chan, Q, Stamler, J, Brown, IJ
et al.; INTERMAP Research Group (2014) Relation of raw and cooked vegetable consumption to blood pressure: the INTERMAP Study. J Hum Hypertens
Oude Griep, LM, Verschuren, WM, Kromhout, D
et al. (2011) Raw and processed fruit and vegetable consumption and 10-year stroke incidence in a population-based cohort study in the Netherlands. Eur J Clin Nutr
Liu, RH (2013) Health-promoting components of fruits and vegetables in the diet. Adv Nutr
4, issue 3, 384S–392S.
Davis, C & Saltos, E (1999) Dietary recommendations and how they have changed over time. In America’s Eating Habits: Changes and Consequences, pp. 33–50 [E Frazão, editor]. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service; available at https://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/pub-details/?pubid=42243
US Department of Health and Human Services & US Department of Agriculture (2015) Dietary Guidelines for Americans
2015–2020, 8th ed. HHS Publication no. HHS-ODPHP-2015-2020-01-DGA-A; USDA Home and Garden Bulletin no. 232. http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/ (accessed March 2018).
Su, LJ & Arab, L (2006) Salad and raw vegetable consumption and nutritional status in the adult US population: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Am Diet Assoc
Johnson, CL, Dohrmann, SM, Burt, VL
et al. (2014) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Sample Design, 2011–2014. Vital and Health Statistics Series 2, no. 162. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics; available at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_02/sr02_162.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2018) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey | Questionnaires, datasets, and related documentation | Response rates. https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/ResponseRates.aspx (accessed January 2018).
Raper, N, Perloff, B, Ingwersen, L
et al. (2004) An overview of USDA’s dietary intake data system. J Food Compost Anal
Moshfegh, AJ, Rhodes, DG, Baer, DJ
et al. (2008) The US Department of Agriculture Automated Multiple-Pass Method reduces bias in the collection of energy intakes. Am J Clin Nutr
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2016) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey | 2013–2014 Data documentation, codebook, and frequencies | Dietary interview technical support file – food codes (DRXFCD_H). https://wwwn.cdc.gov/Nchs/Nhanes/2013-2014/DRXFCD_H.htm (accessed January 2018).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2014) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey | 2011–2012 Data documentation, codebook, and frequencies | Dietary interview technical support file – food codes (DRXFCD_G). https://wwwn.cdc.gov/Nchs/Nhanes/2011-2012/DRXFCD_G.htm (accessed January 2018).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2015) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey | 2013–2014 Data documentation, codebook, and frequencies | Physical activity (PAQ_H) [first published October 2015; last revised March 2017]. https://wwwn.cdc.gov/Nchs/Nhanes/2013-2014/PAQ_H.htm (accessed March 2018).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2015) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey | 2011–2012 Data documentation, codebook, and frequencies | Physical activity (PAQ_G) [first published September 2013; last revised March 2017]. https://wwwn.cdc.gov/Nchs/Nhanes/2011-2012/PAQ_G.htm (accessed March 2018).
US Department of Health and Human Services (2008) Appendix 1. Translating scientific evidence about total amount and intensity of physical activity into guidelines. In 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. ODPHP Publication no. U0036. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; available at https://health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/paguide.pdf
Research Triangle Institute (2012) SUDAAN Language Manual, Volumes 1 and 2, Release 11. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute.
US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (2018) Poverty guidelines. https://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty-guidelines (accessed March 2018).
Graubard, BI & Korn, EL (1999) Predictive margins with survey data. Biometrics
Bieler, GS, Brown, GG, Williams, RL
et al. (2010) Estimating model-adjusted risks, risk differences, and risk ratios from complex survey data. Am J Epidemiol
Brown, MJ, Ferruzzi, MG, Nguyen, ML
et al. (2004) Carotenoid bioavailability is higher from salads ingested with full-fat than with fat-reduced salad dressings as measured with electrochemical detection. Am J Clin Nutr
White, WS, Zhou, Y, Crane, A
et al. (2017) Modeling the dose effects of soybean oil in salad dressing on carotenoid and fat-soluble vitamin bioavailability in salad vegetables. Am J Clin Nutr
Troiano, RP, Berrigan, D, Dodd, KW
et al. (2008) Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc
O’Malley, J (2018) Finding produce in Alaska’s long winter takes wiles and luck. New York Times. https://www.nyti.ms/2C98zEd (accessed March 2018).
Laska, MN, Borradaile, KE, Tester, J
et al. (2010) Healthy food availability in small urban food stores: a comparison of four US cities. Public Health Nutr
Drewnowski, A & Rehm, CD (2013) Vegetable cost metrics show that potatoes and beans provide most nutrients per penny. PLoS One
Cassady, D, Jetter, KM & Culp, J (2007) Is price a barrier to eating more fruits and vegetables for low-income families?
J Am Diet Assoc
Brennan, DS, Singh, KA, Liu, P
et al. (2010) Fruit and vegetable consumption among older adults by tooth loss and socio-economic status. Aust Dent J
Quandt, SA, Chen, H, Bell, RA
et al. (2010) Food avoidance and food modification practices of older rural adults: association with oral health status and implications for service provision. Gerontologist
Bouzari, A, Holstege, D & Barrett, DM (2015) Vitamin retention in eight fruits and vegetables: a comparison of refrigerated and frozen storage. J Agric Food Chem
Freedman, MR & Fulgoni, VL 3rd (2016) Canned vegetable and fruit consumption is associated with changes in nutrient intake and higher diet quality in children and adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2010. J Acad Nutr Diet
Painter, JA, Hoekstra, RM, Ayers, T
et al. (2013) Attribution of foodborne illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths to food commodities by using outbreak data, United States, 1998–2008. Emerg Infect Dis