Skip to main content Accessibility help

Evaluation of wheat landraces of north-western Himalaya against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L. vis-à-vis physical seed parameters

  • Kuldeep Tripathi (a1), S. K. Chauhan (a2), P. G. Gore (a1), P. S. Mehta (a2), I. S. Bisht (a2) and S. Bhalla (a2)...


The north-western Himalaya is one of the rich repositories of wheat genetic resources because of the preponderance of locally developed traditional crop varieties owing to high agro-climatic heterogeneity and local socio-cultural diversity. In the present study, 100 wheat landraces of this diversity rich region were evaluated for variability in physical parameters of seed to understand the basis of resistance against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae. The evaluation was based on the parameter of growth index (GI) of S. oryzae in different landraces. GI was correlated with different quantitative physical seed parameters, viz. hardness, length, width, length × width, test weight and qualitative parameter seed colour were studied to work out if these were related to resistance/susceptibility. Based on the parameter of GI, the six landraces viz. IC266831, IC266872, IC393109, IC392578, IC444217 and IC589276 were identified as resistant. Correlation coefficients between GI of S. oryzae and physical parameters of wheat landraces indicated that GI had significant positive relation with length × width (r = +0.573) and test weight (r = +0.549) indicated that small seeds confer resistance to S. oryzae. Also significant negative relation (r = −0.457) with GI of S. oryzae and seed hardness, indicated that hard seeds were relatively more resistant to S. oryzae.


Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. E-mail:


Hide All
Adedire, CO, Akinkurolere, RO and Ajayi, OO (2011) Susceptibility of some maize cultivars in Nigeria to infestation and damage by maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Nigerian Journal of Entomology 28: 5563.
Akpodiete, ON, Lale, NES, Umeozor, OC and Zakka, U (2015) Role of physical characteristics of the seed on the stability of resistance of maize varieties to maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky). IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology 9(2II): 6066.
Arve, SS, Chavan, SM and Patel, MB (2014) Varietal susceptibility of wheat grains against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L. Trends in Biosciences 7: 925934.
Ashamo, MO (2001) Varietal resistance of maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 108: 314319.
Bamaiyi, LJ, Dike, MC and Amd, OI (2007) Relative susceptibility of some sorghum varieties to the rice weevil, Sitohpilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Entomology 5: 387392.
Basavaraja, H, Mahajanashetti, SB and Udagatti, NC (2007) Economic analysis of post-harvest losses in food grains in India: a case study of Karnataka. Agricultural Economics Research Review 20: 117126.
Belloa, GD, Padina, S, Lastrab, CL and Fabrizio, M (2000) Laboratory evaluation of chemical biological control of rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae L.) in stored grain. Australian Journal of Stored Product Research 37: 7784.
Chouhan, P, Jakhmola, SS, Bhadauria, NS and Dwivedi, US (2005) Influence of wheat varieties on biological activities of rice weevil. Indian Journal of Entomology 67: 366368.
Jha, AN, Srivastava, C and Dhar, S (2012) Resistance in wheat genotypes to rice (Oryza sativa) weevil (Sitophilus oryzae). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 82: 8587.
Khan, K, Khan, GD, Subhan ud, D, Khan, SA and Waheed-ullah, (2014) Evaluation of different wheat genotypes against rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 4: 8589.
Ladang, YD, Ngamo, LTS, Ngassoum, MB, Mapongmestsem, P and Hance, T (2008) Effect of sorghum cultivars on population growth and grain damages by the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). African Journal of Agricultural Research 3: 255258.
Lale, NES and Kartay, MO (2006) Role of physical characteristics of the seeds in the resistance of local cultivars of maize to Sitophilus zeamais infestation in storage. Tropical Science 45: 112114.
Lale, NES and Makoshi, SM (2000) Role of chemical characteristics of the seed coat in resistance of selected cowpea varieties to Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in Nigeria. International Journal of Pest Management 46: 97102.
Lale, NES and Mustapha, A (2000) Potential of combining neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed oil with varietal resistance for the management of the cowpea bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). Journal of Stored Products Research 36: 215222.
Lale, NES and Yusuf, BA (2001) Potential of varietal resistance and Piper guineense seed oil to control infestation of stored millet seeds and processed products by Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Journal of Stored Product Research 37: 6375.
Mahajan, RK, Sapra, RL, Srivastava, U, Singh, M and Sharma, GD (2000) Minimal Descriptors (for Characterization and Evaluation) of Agri- Horticultural Crops (Part I). New Delhi: National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, pp. xi + 230.
Malik, R, Sharma, H, Verma, A, Kundu, S, Sharma, I and Chatrath, R (2013) Hierarchical clustering of Indian wheat varieties using morphological diversity assessment. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 47: 116123.
Mohsenin, NN (1980) Physical Properties of Plant and Animal Materials. New York, USA: Gordon and Breach Science Pub.
Partap, A, Singh, S, Choudhary, HK and Sethi, GS (2001) Bioresource potential of north-western Himalayas. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources 14: 134136.
Ram, C and Singh, VS (1996) Resistance to Sitophilus oryzae in wheat and associated grain characteristics. Indian Journal of Entomology 58: 7990.
Rao, NS and Sharma, K (2003) Screening of wheat germplasm for resistance against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and physico-chemical grain characters. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 11: 246249.
SAS (2009) Statistical Analysis Software System, Version 9.2. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute.
Shafique, M and Ahmad, M (2003) Susceptibility of milled rice genotypes to Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). SAARC Journal of Agriculture 1: 193197.
Sultana, N and Yadav, P (2014) Studies on correlation of physical characters and grain loss due to Sitophilus oryzae on wheat varieties. Advances in Life Sciences 3: 0709.
Tripathi, K, Bhalla, S, Prasad, TV and Srinivasan, K (2012) Differential reaction of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) genotypes to pulse beetle (Callosobruchus maculatus). Vegetos 25: 367374.
Zakka, U, Lale, NES and Umeozor, OC (2013) Evaluation of the performance of different maize varieties against Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infestation in the Niger delta region of Nigeria. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences 6: 99104.


Type Description Title
Supplementary materials

Tripathi supplementary material
Tables S1-S3

 Word (82 KB)
82 KB


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed