Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Comparative evaluation of Gossypium arboreum L. and Gossypium hirsutum L. genotypes for drought tolerance

  • Muhammad Iqbal (a1), Mueen Alam Khan (a1), Waqas Shafqat Chattha (a1), Khalid Abdullah (a2) and Asif Majeed (a3)...

Abstract

Drought stress negatively affects the cotton production all over the world. The negative impact of drought varies for different species due to some morphological and root attributes that help some species to better stand under drought. But the extent of disturbance varies for different cotton species. To find out such variation, two cotton species (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium arboreum) were studied under normal and drought conditions for 2 years. Two genotypes for each species were included, i.e. PC-1 and COMILLA (G. arboreum) and IUB-13 and IUB-65 (G. hirsutum). The experiment was laid out under a completely randomized design following factorial arrangement. Genotype × treatment × year interaction of cotton genotypes was studied for different root, morphological, physiological and fibre-related traits. Traits such as above ground dry biomass, above ground fresh biomass, chlorophyll contents, leaf area, seed cotton yield, sympodial branches/plant, fibre strength and ginning out-turn were higher in G. hirsutum genotypes as compared to G. arboreum genotypes. However less reduction under drought in all above mentioned traits was recorded for G. arboreum, than G. hirsutum. Furthermore, root traits; primary root length, lateral root numbers, root fresh weight and root dry weight were enriched under drought condition in G. arboreum genotypes than in G. hirsutum genotypes, which is a clear manifestation of higher drought tolerance ability in G. arboreum genotypes transferrable to G. hirsutum genotypes through interspecific crossing or other means.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. E-mail: mueen.alam@iub.edu.pk

References

Hide All
Basal, H, Smith, CW, Thaxton, PS and Hemphill, JK (2005) Seedling drought tolerance in upland cotton. Crop Science 45: 766771.
Chattha, WS, Shakeel, A, Malik, TA, Saleem, MF, Akram, HM, Yaseen, M and Naeem, M (2018) Combining ability analysis of yield and fiber quality traits under normal and water deficit condition in Gossypim hirsutum L. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 28: 10621067.
Chaves, MM, Maroco, JP and Pereira, JS (2003) Understanding plant responses to drought – from genes to the whole plant. Functional Plant Biology 30: 239264.
Chen, Z, Ma, H, Xia, J, Hou, F, Shi, X, Hao, X, Hafeez, A, Han, H and Luo, H (2017) Optimal pre-plant irrigation and fertilization can improve biomass accumulation by maintaining the root and leaf productive capacity of cotton crop. Scientific Reports 7: 17168.
Comai, L (2005) The advantages and disadvantages of being polyploid. Nature Reviews Genetics 6: 836846.
Cooper, M, Podlich, DW and Smith, OS (2005) Gene-to-phenotype models and complex trait genetics. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 56: 895918.
Corneillie, S, De Stotme, N, Van Acker, R and Fangel, JU (2019) Polyploidy affects plant growth and alters cell wall composition. Plant Physiology 179: 7487.
Cushman, JC and Bohnert, HJ (2000) Genomic approaches to plant stress tolerance. Plant Biology 3: 117124.
Djibril, S, Mohamed, OK, Diaga, D, Diegane, D, Abaye, BF, Maurice, S and Alain, B (2005) Growth and development of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seedlings under drought and salinity stresses. African Journal of Biotechnology 4: 968972.
Gill, MS and Bajaj, YPS (1987) Hybridization between diploid (Gossypium arboreum) and tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum) cotton through ovule culture. Euphytica 36: 625630.
Gwenzi, W, Veneklaas, EJ, Holmes, KW, Bleby, TM, Phillips, IR and Hinz, C (2011) Spatial analysis of fine root distribution on a recently constructed ecosystem in a water-limited environment. Plant and Soil 344: 255272.
Jamal, A, Shahid, MN, Aftab, B, Rashid, B, Sarwar, MB, Mohamed, BB, Hassan, S and Husnain, T (2014) Water stress mediated changes in morphology and physiology of Gossypium arboreum (var FDH-786). Journal of Plant Sciences 2: 179186.
Liu, D, Guo, X, Lin, Z, Nie, Y and Zhang, X (2006) Genetic diversity of Asian cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.) in China evaluated by microsatellite analysis. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53: 11451152.
Malik, TA and Malik, S (2006) Genetic linkage studies of drought tolerant and agronomic traits in cotton. Pakistan Journal of Botany 38: 16131619.
Manjunatha, MJ, Shalephyati, AS, Koppalkar, BG and Pujari, BT (2010) Yield and yield components, uptake of nutrients, quality parameter and economics of Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Genotypes as influenced by different plant densities. Karnataka. Journal of Agricultural Science 23: 423425.
Maqbool, A, Abbas, W, Rao, AQ, Irfan, M, Zahur, M, Bakhsh, A, Riazuddin, S and Husnain, T (2010) Gossypium arboreum GHSP26 enhances drought tolerance in Gossypium hirsutum. Biotechnology Progress 26: 2125.
Mehetre, SS, Aher, AR, Gawande, VL, Patil, VR and Mokate, AS (2003) Induced polyploidy in Gossypium: a tool to overcome interspecific incompatibility of cultivated tetraploid and diploid cottons. Current Science 84: 15101512.
Nayyar, H and Gupta, D (2006) Differential sensitivity of C3 and C4 plants to water deficit stress: association with oxidative stress and antioxidants. Environmental and Experimental Botany 58: 106113.
Pettigrew, WT (2004) Moisture deficit effects on cotton lint yield, yield components, and boll distribution. Agronomy Journal 96: 377383.
Pundir, NS (1972) Experimental embryology of Gossypium arboreum L. and G. hirsutum l. and their reciprocal crosses. Botanical Gazette 133: 726.
Rahman, M, Ullah, I, Ahsraf, M, Stewart, JM and Zafar, Y (2008) Genotypic variation for drought tolerance in cotton. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 28: 439447.
Saleem, MA, Malik, TA, Shakeel, A, Amjad, MW and Qayyum, A (2015) Genetics of physiological and agronomic traits in upland cotton under drought stress. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 52: 317324.
Sawkins, MC, Julien, DM and Ribaut, JM (2006) Drought adaptation in maize. In: Ribaut JM (ed.) Drought Adaptation in Cereals. Florida USA: CRC Press, pp. 259299.
Stewart, JM and Hsu, CL (1978) Hybridization of diploid and tetraploid cottons through in-ovulo embryo culture. Journal of Heredity 69: 404408.
Taiz, L and Zeiger, E (2002) Photosynthesis: physiological and ecological considerations. Plant Physiology 9: 172174.
Ullah, I, Rahman, M, Ashraf, M and Zafar, Y (2008) Genotypic variation for drought tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.): leaf gas exchange and productivity. Flora 203: 105115.
Ullah, R, Akhtar, KP, Moffett, P, Mansoor, S and Briddon, RW (2014) An analysis of the resistance of Gossypium arboreum to cotton leaf curl disease by grafting. European Journal of Plant Pathology 139: 837847.
Zhu, JK (2002) Salt and drought stress signal transduction in plants. Annual Review of Plant Biology 53: 247273.

Keywords

Comparative evaluation of Gossypium arboreum L. and Gossypium hirsutum L. genotypes for drought tolerance

  • Muhammad Iqbal (a1), Mueen Alam Khan (a1), Waqas Shafqat Chattha (a1), Khalid Abdullah (a2) and Asif Majeed (a3)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed