The microfibrillate component of the laminated layer of Echinococcus granulosus equinus contains, except for the zone adjacent to the germinal layer, aggregates of electron-dense bodies displaying a sub-structure of electron-lucent spheres. The tegumentary syncytial cytoplasm contains randomly distributed electron-dense granules, many occurring near the apical plasmalemma, although exocytosis was rarely seen. Granules, similar in size and sub-structure to the bodies of the aggregates, also occur in the internuncial connexions and tegumentary cytons, suggesting that they may be produced in the cytons and released into the laminated layer via the internuncial connexions and tegumentary cytoplasm. Cysts incubated for 0·5–2·5 h in serum- and non-serum-containing media showed differences from non-incubated cysts. The distal half of the syncytium contained a progressive increase in the number of granules (distal:proximal 1·9:1 at 2·5 h; cf. 1:1 in non-incubated cysts), and exocytosis of granules into the laminated layer adjacent to the cyst had occurred. This cannot be attributed wholly to serum proteins. Cysts incubated for 21 h appeared ‘normal’, suggesting re-establishment of an equilibrium. Since the matrix of the laminated layer is considered homologous to the glycocalyx of other cestodes, the possible protective role played by the granules/bodies, characteristic of Echinococcus spp., is discussed.