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We provide an extension of the transference results of Beresnevich and Velani connecting homogeneous and inhomogeneous Diophantine approximation on manifolds and provide bounds for inhomogeneous Diophantine exponents of affine subspaces and their nondegenerate submanifolds.
Inspired by a method of La Bretèche relying on some unique factorisation, we generalise work of Blomer, Brüdern and Salberger to prove Manin's conjecture in its strong form conjectured by Peyre for some infinite family of varieties of higher dimension. The varieties under consideration in this paper correspond to the singular projective varieties defined by the following equation
We investigate the behaviour of Tamagawa numbers of semistable principally polarised abelian varieties in extensions of local fields. In particular, we give a simple formula for the change of Tamagawa numbers in totally ramified extensions and one that computes Tamagawa numbers up to rational squares in general extensions. As an application, we extend some of the existing results on the p-parity conjecture for Selmer groups of abelian varieties by allowing more general local behaviour. We also give a complete classification of the behaviour of Tamagawa numbers for semistable 2-dimensional principally polarised abelian varieties that is similar to the well-known one for elliptic curves. The appendix explains how to use this classification for Jacobians of genus 2 hyperelliptic curves given by equations of the form y2 = f(x), under some simplifying hypotheses.
Let ℙ denote the weighted projective space with weights (1, 1, 1, 3) over the rationals, with coordinates x, y, z and w; let
be the generic element of the family of surfaces in ℙ given by
is a K3 surface over the function field ℚ(t). In this paper, we explicitly compute the geometric Picard lattice of
, together with its Galois module structure, as well as derive more results on the arithmetic of
and other elements of the family X.
Denote ΘC as the Frobenius class of a curve C over the finite field 𝔽q. In this paper we determine the expected value of Tr(ΘCn) where C runs over all biquadratic curves when q is fixed and g tends to infinity. This extends work done by Rudnick  and Chinis  who separately looked at hyperelliptic curves and Bucur, Costa, David, Guerreiro and Lowry-Duda  who looked at ℓ-cyclic curves, for ℓ a prime, as well as cubic non-Galois curves.
We prove a robust version of Freiman's 3k – 4 theorem on the restricted sumset A+ΓB, which applies when the doubling constant is at most (3+
)/2 in general and at most 3 in the special case when A = −B. As applications, we derive robust results with other types of assumptions on popular sums, and structure theorems for sets satisfying almost equalities in discrete and continuous versions of the Riesz–Sobolev inequality.
In this paper we study the arithmetically Cohen-Macaulay (ACM) property for sets of points in multiprojective spaces. Most of what is known is for ℙ1 × ℙ1 and, more recently, in (ℙ1)r. In ℙ1 × ℙ1 the so called inclusion property characterises the ACM property. We extend the definition in any multiprojective space and we prove that the inclusion property implies the ACM property in ℙm × ℙn. In such an ambient space it is equivalent to the so-called (⋆)-property. Moreover, we start an investigation of the ACM property in ℙ1 × ℙn. We give a new construction that highlights how different the behavior of the ACM property is in this setting.
For Γ = ℤp, Iwasawa was the first to construct Γ-extensions over number fields with arbitrarily large μ-invariants. In this work, we investigate other uniform pro-p groups which are realisable as Galois groups of towers of number fields with arbitrarily large μ-invariant. For instance, we prove that this is the case if p is a regular prime and Γ is a uniform pro-p group admitting a fixed-point-free automorphism of odd order dividing p−1. Both in Iwasawa's work, and in the present one, the size of the μ-invariant appears to be intimately related to the existence of primes that split completely in the tower.