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Optimized hyper beamforming of receiving linear antenna arrays using Firefly algorithm

  • Gopi Ram (a1), Durbadal Mandal (a1), Rajib Kar (a1) and Sakti Prasad Ghoshal (a2)


In this paper, an optimized hyper beamforming method is presented based on a hyper beam exponent parameter for receiving linear antenna arrays using a new meta-heuristic search method based on the Firefly algorithm (FFA). A hyper beam is derived from the sum and difference beam patterns of the array, each raised to the power of a hyper beam exponent parameter. As compared to the conventional hyper beamforming of the linear antenna array, FFA applied to the hyper beam of the same array can achieve much more reduction in sidelobe level (SLL) and improved first null beam width (FNBW), keeping the same value of the hyper beam exponent. As compared to the uniformly excited linear antenna array with inter-element spacing of λ/2, conventional non-optimized hyper beamforming and optimal hyper beamforming of the same obtained by real-coded genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization and Differential evolution, FFA applied to the hyper beam of the same array can achieve much greater reduction in SLL and same or less FNBW, keeping the same value of the hyper beam exponent parameter. The whole experiment has been performed for 10-, 14-, and 20-element linear antenna arrays.


Corresponding author

Corresponding author: D. Mandal Email:


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Optimized hyper beamforming of receiving linear antenna arrays using Firefly algorithm

  • Gopi Ram (a1), Durbadal Mandal (a1), Rajib Kar (a1) and Sakti Prasad Ghoshal (a2)


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