The simplest type of Lie semigroups are closed convex cones in finite dimensional vector spaces. In general one defines a Lie semigroup to be a closed subsemigroup of a Lie group which is generated by one-parameter semigroups. If W is a closed convex cone in a vector space V, then W is convex and therefore simply connected. A similar statement for Lie semigroups is false in general. There exist generating Lie semigroups in simply connected Lie groups which are not simply connected (Example 1.15). To find criteria for cases when this is true, one has to consider the homomorphism
induced by the inclusion mapping i:S→G, where S is a generating Lie semigroup in the Lie group G. Our main results concern the description of the image and the kernel of this mapping. We show that the image is the fundamental group of the largest covering group of G, into which S lifts, and that the kernel is the fundamental group of the inverse image of 5 in the universal covering group G. To get these results we construct a universal covering semigroup S of S. If j: H(S): = S ∩ S-1 →S is the inclusion mapping of the unit group of S into S, then it turns out that the kernel of the induced mapping
may be identfied with the fundamental group of the unit group H(S)of S and that its image corresponds to the intersection H(S)0 ⋂π1(S), where π1(s) is identified with a central subgroup of S.