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We consider a class of generalized nonlocal $p$-Laplacian equations. We find some proper structural conditions to establish a version of nonlocal Harnack inequalities of weak solutions to such nonlocal problems by using the expansion of positivity and energy estimates.
Hardy kernels are a useful tool to define integral operators on Hilbertian spaces like
$L^2(\mathbb R^+)$
or
$H^2(\mathbb C^+)$
. These kernels entail an algebraic
$L^1$
-structure which is used in this work to study the range spaces of those operators as reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces. We obtain their reproducing kernels, which in the
$L^2(\mathbb R^+)$
case turn out to be Hardy kernels as well. In the
$H^2(\mathbb C^+)$
scenario, the reproducing kernels are given by holomorphic extensions of Hardy kernels. Other results presented here are theorems of Paley–Wiener type, and a connection with one-sided Hilbert transforms.
We analyze the discounted probability of exponential Parisian ruin for the so-called scaled classical Cramér–Lundberg risk model. As in Cohen and Young (2020), we use the comparison method from differential equations to prove that the discounted probability of exponential Parisian ruin for the scaled classical risk model converges to the corresponding discounted probability for its diffusion approximation, and we derive the rate of convergence.
This paper establishes the mapping properties of pseudo-differential operators and the Fourier integral operators on the weighted Morrey spaces with variable exponents and the weighted Triebel–Lizorkin–Morrey spaces with variable exponents. We obtain these results by extending the extrapolation theory to the weighted Morrey spaces with variable exponents. This extension also gives the mapping properties of Calderón–Zygmund operators on the weighted Hardy–Morrey spaces with variable exponents and the wavelet characterizations of the weighted Hardy–Morrey spaces with variable exponents.
The main result is that the ellipticity and the Fredholm property of a
$\Psi $
DO acting on Sobolev spaces in the Weyl-Hörmander calculus are equivalent when the Hörmander metric is geodesically temperate and its associated Planck function vanishes at infinity. The proof is essentially related to the following result that we prove for geodesically temperate Hörmander metrics: If
$\lambda \mapsto a_{\lambda }\in S(1,g)$
is a
$\mathcal {C}^N$
,
$0\leq N\leq \infty $
, map such that each
$a_{\lambda }^w$
is invertible on
$L^2$
, then the mapping
$\lambda \mapsto b_{\lambda }\in S(1,g)$
, where
$b_{\lambda }^w$
is the inverse of
$a_{\lambda }^w$
, is again of class
$\mathcal {C}^N$
. Additionally, assuming also the strong uncertainty principle for the metric, we obtain a Fedosov-Hörmander formula for the index of an elliptic operator. At the very end, we give an example to illustrate our main result.
where ɛ is a small positive parameter, a and b are positive constants, s ∈ (0, 1) and p ∈ (1, ∞) are such that $sp \in (\frac {3}{2}, 3)$, $(-\Delta )^{s}_{p}$ is the fractional p-Laplacian operator, f: ℝ → ℝ is a superlinear continuous function with subcritical growth and V: ℝ3 → ℝ is a continuous potential having a local minimum. We also prove a multiplicity result and relate the number of positive solutions with the topology of the set where the potential V attains its minimum values. Finally, we obtain an existence result when f(u) = uq−1 + γur−1, where γ > 0 is sufficiently small, and the powers q and r satisfy 2p < q < p*s ⩽ r. The main results are obtained by using some appropriate variational arguments.
where λ > 0 is a real parameter, f belongs to a suitable Lebesgue space, $\mu \in L^{\infty}$ and $\mathbb {D}_s^2$ is a nonlocal ‘gradient square’ term given by
Depending on the real parameter λ > 0, we derive existence and non-existence results. The proof of our existence result relies on sharp Calderón–Zygmund type regularity results for the fractional Poisson equation with low integrability data. We also obtain existence results for related problems involving different nonlocal diffusion terms.
We obtain sharp $L^{p}$ bounds for oscillatory integral operators with generic homogeneous polynomial phases in several variables. The phases considered in this paper satisfy the rank one condition that is an important notion introduced by Greenleaf, Pramanik, and Tang. Under certain additional assumptions, we can establish sharp damping estimates with critical exponents to prove endpoint $L^{p}$ estimates.
In this paper, we investigate the weighted multilinear boundedness properties of the maximal higher order Calderón commutator for the dimensions larger than two. We establish all weighted multilinear estimates on the product of the $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{d},w)$ space, including some peculiar endpoint estimates of the higher dimensional Calderón commutator.
This paper is concerned with the travelling waves for a class of non-local dispersal non-cooperative system, which can model the prey-predator and disease-transmission mechanism. By the Schauder's fixed-point theorem, we first establish the existence of travelling waves connecting the semi-trivial equilibrium to non-trivial leftover concentrations, whose bounds are deduced from a precise analysis. Further, we characterize the minimal wave speed of travelling waves and obtain the non-existence of travelling waves with slow speed. Finally, we apply the general results to an epidemic model with bilinear incidence for its propagation dynamics.
We present some comparison results for solutions to certain non-local elliptic and parabolic problems that involve the fractional Laplacian operator and mixed boundary conditions, given by a zero Dirichlet datum on part of the complementary of the domain and zero Neumann data on the rest. These results represent a non-local generalization of a Hopf's lemma for elliptic and parabolic problems with mixed conditions. In particular we prove the non-local version of the results obtained by Dávila and Dávila and Dupaigne for the classical case s = 1 in [23, 24] respectively.
where $\tau :{\open R}^n\to {\open R}^n$ is a general function. In particular, for the linear choices $\tau (x)=0$, $\tau (x)=x$ and $\tau (x)={x}/{2}$ this covers the well-known Kohn–Nirenberg, anti-Kohn–Nirenberg and Weyl quantizations, respectively. Quantizations of such type appear naturally in the analysis on nilpotent Lie groups for polynomial functions τ and here we investigate the corresponding calculus in the model case of ${\open R}^n$. We also give examples of nonlinear τ appearing on the polarized and non-polarized Heisenberg groups.
A basic fact about $\mathfrak{T}_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D706},m}$ is that it is closely associated with the multilinear Littlewood–Paley $g_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D706}}^{\ast }$ function. In this paper we first investigate the boundedness of $\mathfrak{T}_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D706},m}$ on products of weighted Lebesgue spaces. Then, the weighted endpoint $L\log L$ type estimate and strong estimate for the commutators of $\mathfrak{T}_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D706},m}$ will be demonstrated.
We use a unified approach to study the boundedness of fractional integral operators on $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}$-modulation spaces and find sharp conditions for boundedness in the full range.
We characterize those non-negative, measurable functions ψ on [0, 1] and positive, continuous functions ω1 and ω2 on ℝ+ for which the generalized Hardy–Cesàro operator
defines a bounded operator Uψ: L1(ω1) → L1(ω2) This generalizes a result of Xiao [7] to weighted spaces. Furthermore, we extend Uψ to a bounded operator on M(ω1) with range in L1(ω2) ⊕ ℂδ0, where M(ω1) is the weighted space of locally finite, complex Borel measures on ℝ+. Finally, we show that the zero operator is the only weakly compact generalized Hardy–Cesàro operator from L1(ω1) to L1(ω2).
We find logarithmic asymptotics of $L_{2}$-small deviation probabilities for weighted stationary Gaussian processes (both for real and complex-valued) having a power-type discrete or continuous spectrum. Our results are based on the spectral theory of pseudo-differential operators developed by Birman and Solomyak.
We establish the bounds of Marcinkiewicz integrals associated to surfaces of revolution generated by two polynomial mappings on Triebel–Lizorkin spaces and Besov spaces when their integral kernels are given by functions $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FA}\in H^{1}(\text{S}^{n-1})\cup L(\log ^{+}L)^{1/2}(\text{S}^{n-1})$. Our main results represent improvements as well as natural extensions of many previously known results.
Given a compact Lie group $G$, in this paper we establish $L^{p}$-bounds for pseudo-differential operators in $L^{p}(G)$. The criteria here are given in terms of the concept of matrix symbols defined on the noncommutative analogue of the phase space $G\times \widehat{G}$, where $\widehat{G}$ is the unitary dual of $G$. We obtain two different types of $L^{p}$ bounds: first for finite regularity symbols and second for smooth symbols. The conditions for smooth symbols are formulated using $\mathscr{S}_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C},\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}}^{m}(G)$ classes which are a suitable extension of the well-known $(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C},\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF})$ ones on the Euclidean space. The results herein extend classical $L^{p}$ bounds established by C. Fefferman on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. While Fefferman’s results have immediate consequences on general manifolds for $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}>\max \{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF},1-\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}\}$, our results do not require the condition $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}>1-\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}$. Moreover, one of our results also does not require $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}>\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}$. Examples are given for the case of $\text{SU}(2)\cong \mathbb{S}^{3}$ and vector fields/sub-Laplacian operators when operators in the classes $\mathscr{S}_{0,0}^{m}$ and $\mathscr{S}_{\frac{1}{2},0}^{m}$ naturally appear, and where conditions $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}>\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}$ and $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}>1-\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}$ fail, respectively.
An iteration technique for characterizing boundedness of certain types of multilinear operators is presented, reducing the problem to a corresponding linear-operator case. The method gives a simple proof of a characterization of validity of the weighted bilinear Hardy inequality
for all non-negative f, g on (a, b), for 1 < p1, p2, q < ∞. More equivalent characterizing conditions are presented.
The same technique is applied to various further problems, in particular those involving multilinear integral operators of Hardy type.
We are concerned with the multiplicity of solutions to the system driven by a fractional operator with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. Namely, using fibering maps and the Nehari manifold, we obtain multiple solutions to the following fractional elliptic system:
where Ω is a smooth bounded set in ℝn, n > 2s, with s ∈ (0, 1); (–Δ)s is the fractional Laplace operator;, λ, μ > 0 are two parameters; the exponent n/(n – 2s) ⩽ q < 2; α > 1, β > 1 satisfy is the fractional critical Sobolev exponent.