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For arbitrary closed countable subsets Z of the unit circle examples of topologically mixing operators on Hilbert spaces are given which have a densely spanning set of eigenvectors with unimodular eigenvalues restricted to Z. In particular, these operators cannot be ergodic in the Gaussian sense.
In this paper we consider the following problem: let Xk, be a Banach space with a normalised basis (e(k, j))j, whose biorthogonals are denoted by
${(e_{(k,j)}^*)_j}$
, for
$k\in\N$
, let
$Z=\ell^\infty(X_k:k\kin\N)$
be their l∞-sum, and let
$T:Z\to Z$
be a bounded linear operator with a large diagonal, i.e.,
Under which condition does the identity on Z factor through T? The purpose of this paper is to formulate general conditions for which the answer is positive.
Quasiperiodic media is a class of almost periodic media which is generated from periodic media through a ‘cut and project’ procedure. Quasiperiodic media displays some extraordinary optical, electronic and conductivity properties which call for the development of methods to analyse their microstructures and effective behaviour. In this paper, we develop the method of Bloch wave homogenisation for quasiperiodic media. Bloch waves are typically defined through a direct integral decomposition of periodic operators. A suitable direct integral decomposition is not available for almost periodic operators. To remedy this, we lift a quasiperiodic operator to a degenerate periodic operator in higher dimensions. Approximate Bloch waves are obtained for a regularised version of the degenerate operator. Homogenised coefficients for quasiperiodic media are obtained from the first Bloch eigenvalue of the regularised operator in the limit of regularisation parameter going to zero. A notion of quasiperiodic Bloch transform is defined and employed to obtain homogenisation limit for an equation with highly oscillating quasiperiodic coefficients.
In the present paper, we deal with asymptotical stability of Markov operators acting on abstract state spaces (i.e. an ordered Banach space, where the norm has an additivity property on the cone of positive elements). Basically, we are interested in the rate of convergence when a Markov operator T satisfies the uniform P-ergodicity, i.e.
$\|T^n-P\|\to 0$
, here P is a projection. We have showed that T is uniformly P-ergodic if and only if
$\|T^n-P\|\leq C\beta^n$
,
$0<\beta<1$
. In this paper, we prove that such a β is characterized by the spectral radius of T − P. Moreover, we give Deoblin’s kind of conditions for the uniform P-ergodicity of Markov operators.
If A is a real
$2n \times 2n$
positive definite matrix, then there exists a symplectic matrix M such that
$M^TAM=\text {diag}(D, D),$
where D is a positive diagonal matrix with diagonal entries
$d_1(A)\leqslant \cdots \leqslant d_n(A).$
We prove a maxmin principle for
$d_k(A)$
akin to the classical Courant–Fisher–Weyl principle for Hermitian eigenvalues and use it to derive an analogue of the Weyl inequality
$d_{i+j-1}(A+B)\geqslant d_i(A)+d_j(B).$
For an n-tuple of positive invertible operators on a Hilbert space, we present some variants of Ando–Hiai type inequalities for deformed means from an n-variable operator mean by an operator mean, which is related to the information monotonicity of a certain unital positive linear map. As an application, we investigate the monotonicity of the power mean from the deformed mean in terms of the generalized Kantorovich constants under the operator order. Moreover, we improve the norm inequality for the operator power means related to the Log-Euclidean mean in terms of the Specht ratio.
In this article, we study some Kramers–Fokker–Planck operators with a polynomial potential
$V(q)$
of degree greater than two having quadratic limiting behaviour. This work provides an accurate global subelliptic estimate for Kramers–Fokker–Planck operators under some conditions imposed on the potential.
We obtain several norm and eigenvalue inequalities for positive matrices partitioned into four blocks. The results involve the numerical range
$W(X)$
of the off-diagonal block
$X$
, especially the distance
$d$
from
$0$
to
$W(X)$
. A special consequence is an estimate,
For any
$\alpha \in \mathbb {R},$
we consider the weighted Taylor shift operators
$T_{\alpha }$
acting on the space of analytic functions in the unit disc given by
$T_{\alpha }:H(\mathbb {D})\rightarrow H(\mathbb {D}),$
We establish the optimal growth of frequently hypercyclic functions for
$T_\alpha $
in terms of
$L^p$
averages,
$1\leq p\leq +\infty $
. This allows us to highlight a critical exponent.
We first introduce the weighted averaged projection sequence in
$\text{CAT}(\unicode[STIX]{x1D705})$
spaces and then we establish some inequalities for the weighted averaged projection sequence. Using the inequalities, we prove the asymptotic regularity and the
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6E5}$
-convergence of the weighted averaged projection sequence. Furthermore, we prove the strong convergence of the sequence under certain regularity or compactness conditions on
$\text{CAT}(\unicode[STIX]{x1D705})$
spaces.
We investigate the real space H of Hermitian matrices in
$M_n(\mathbb{C})$
with respect to norms on
$\mathbb{C}^n$
. For absolute norms, the general form of Hermitian matrices was essentially established by Schneider and Turner [Schneider and Turner, Linear and Multilinear Algebra (1973), 9–31]. Here, we offer a much shorter proof. For non-absolute norms, we begin an investigation of H by means of a series of examples, with particular reference to dimension and commutativity.
For an inner function u, we discuss the dual operator for the compressed shift
$P_u S|_{{\mathcal {K}}_u}$
, where
${\mathcal {K}}_u$
is the model space for u. We describe the unitary equivalence/similarity classes for these duals as well as their invariant subspaces.
Let
$\Omega \subset \mathbb {R}^N$
,
$N\geq 2$
, be an open bounded connected set. We consider the fractional weighted eigenvalue problem
$(-\Delta )^s u =\lambda \rho u$
in
$\Omega $
with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition, where
$(-\Delta )^s$
,
$s\in (0,1)$
, is the fractional Laplacian operator,
$\lambda \in \mathbb {R}$
and
$ \rho \in L^\infty (\Omega )$
.
We study weak* continuity, convexity and Gâteaux differentiability of the map
$\rho \mapsto 1/\lambda _1(\rho )$
, where
$\lambda _1(\rho )$
is the first positive eigenvalue. Moreover, denoting by
$\mathcal {G}(\rho _0)$
the class of rearrangements of
$\rho _0$
, we prove the existence of a minimizer of
$\lambda _1(\rho )$
when
$\rho $
varies on
$\mathcal {G}(\rho _0)$
. Finally, we show that, if
$\Omega $
is Steiner symmetric, then every minimizer shares the same symmetry.
We study the dynamics induced by homogeneous polynomials on Banach spaces. It is known that no homogeneous polynomial defined on a Banach space can have a dense orbit. We show a simple and natural example of a homogeneous polynomial with an orbit that is at the same time $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}$-dense (the orbit meets every ball of radius $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FF}$), weakly dense and such that $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6E4}\cdot \text{Orb}_{P}(x)$ is dense for every $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6E4}\subset \mathbb{C}$ that either is unbounded or has 0 as an accumulation point. Moreover, we generalize the construction to arbitrary infinite-dimensional separable Banach spaces. To prove this, we study Julia sets of homogeneous polynomials on Banach spaces.
Building on MacDonald’s formula for the distance from a rank-one projection to the set of nilpotents in
$\mathbb {M}_n(\mathbb {C})$
, we prove that the distance from a rank
$n-1$
projection to the set of nilpotents in
$\mathbb {M}_n(\mathbb {C})$
is
$\frac {1}{2}\sec (\frac {\pi }{\frac {n}{n-1}+2} )$
. For each
$n\geq 2$
, we construct examples of pairs
$(Q,T)$
where Q is a projection of rank
$n-1$
and
$T\in \mathbb {M}_n(\mathbb {C})$
is a nilpotent of minimal distance to Q. Furthermore, we prove that any two such pairs are unitarily equivalent. We end by discussing possible extensions of these results in the case of projections of intermediate ranks.
The aim of this paper is to develop an approach to obtain self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators acting on anti-dual pairs. The main advantage of such a result is that it can be applied for structures not carrying a Hilbert space structure or a normable topology. In fact, we will show how hermitian extensions of linear functionals of involutive algebras can be governed by means of their induced operators. As an operator theoretic application, we provide a direct generalization of Parrott’s theorem on contractive completion of 2 by 2 block operator-valued matrices. To exhibit the applicability in noncommutative integration, we characterize hermitian extendibility of symmetric functionals defined on a left ideal of a
$C^{\ast }$
-algebra.
A well-known result in the area of dynamical systems asserts that any invertible hyperbolic operator on any Banach space is structurally stable. This result was originally obtained by Hartman in 1960 for operators on finite-dimensional spaces. The general case was independently obtained by Palis and Pugh around 1968. We will exhibit a class of examples of structurally stable operators that are not hyperbolic, thereby showing that the converse of the above-mentioned result is false in general. We will also prove that an invertible operator on a Banach space is hyperbolic if and only if it is expansive and has the shadowing property. Moreover, we will show that if a structurally stable operator is expansive, then it must be uniformly expansive. Finally, we will characterize the weighted shifts on the spaces $c_{0}(\mathbb{Z})$ and $\ell _{p}(\mathbb{Z})$ ($1\leq p<\infty$) that satisfy the shadowing property.
We establish inequalities of Jensen’s and Slater’s type in the general setting of a Hermitian unital Banach
$\ast$
-algebra, analytic convex functions and positive normalised linear functionals.
We improve a recent result by giving the optimal conclusion both to the frequent universality criterion and the frequent hypercyclicity criterion using the notion of
$A$
-densities, where
$A$
refers to some weighted densities sharper than the natural lower density. Moreover, we construct an operator which is logarithmically frequently hypercyclic but not frequently hypercyclic.
It is shown that Jamison sequences, introduced in 2007 by Badea and Grivaux, arise naturally in the study of topological groups with no small subgroups, of Banach or normed algebra elements whose powers are close to identity along subsequences, and in characterizations of (self-adjoint) positive operators by the accretiveness of some of their powers. The common core of these results is a description of those sequences for which non-identity elements in Lie groups or normed algebras escape an arbitrary small neighborhood of the identity in a number of steps belonging to the given sequence. Several spectral characterizations of Jamison sequences are given, and other related results are proved.