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The Wars for Asia, 1911–1949
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Book description

The Wars for Asia, 1911–1949 shows that the Western treatment of World War II, the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War as separate events misrepresents their overlapping connections and causes. The Chinese Civil War precipitated a long regional war between China and Japan that went global in 1941 when the Chinese found themselves fighting a civil war within a regional war within an overarching global war. The global war that consumed Western attentions resulted from Japan's peripheral strategy to cut foreign aid to China by attacking Pearl Harbour and Western interests throughout the Pacific in 1941. S. C. M. Paine emphasizes the fears and ambitions of Japan, China and Russia, and the pivotal decisions that set them on a collision course in the 1920s and 1930s. The resulting wars together yielded a viscerally anti-Japanese and unified Communist China, the still-angry rising power of the early twenty-first century.

Reviews

‘Paine’s study offers new perspectives on imperialist wars and interventions in twentieth-century Asia. Based on multi-archival research, it addresses a range of issues in the fraught relations of Japan, China, Russia, and the United States. Students of comparative history will find Paine’s analytical framing particularly interesting.’

Herbert P. Bix - Binghamton University

‘The author has written a highly original and provocative work, organized around the thesis that ‘nested’ civil, regional, and international wars defined East Asian politics and international relations over the first half of the twentieth century. By artful use of the latest Russian, Japanese, Chinese, and U.S. primary and secondary sources, Professor Paine succeeds in showing how war changed the face of East Asia.’

Stephen R. MacKinnon - Arizona State University

‘The first integrated study of Asia’s forty years of war. A major intellectual contribution.’

Arthur Waldron - Lauder Professor of International Relations, University of Pennsylvania

'… a fascinating account of how modern East Asia was shaped by war. By disaggregating the three main wars in the first half of the twentieth century, the author succeeds in showing how their causes and conditions were linked but still separate.’

O. A. Westad - author of Restless Empire: China and the World since 1750

‘This excellent and ambitious book deals with state-building and warfare in twentieth-century Asia. It underlines the critical role of war in modern Asian history and shows how often war trumped diplomacy. It shows too the terrible toll that warfare has exacted on China, Japan, and Russia. Paine gives an original, perceptive, and long-overdue reinterpretation of twentieth-century Asia.’

Diana Lary - author of The Chinese People at War

'… Paine’s book provides us with an important tool through which we can learn the lessons of the past. This in turn will hopefully allow us to plot a safer course in order to avoid any future wars for Asia.'

Tosh Minohara Source: Pacific Affairs

'An excellent one-volume survey of Chinese military history in the first half of the twentieth century, The Wars for Asia, 1911–1949 will be of value to anyone interested in World War II and particularly the causes of the Pacific War.'

A. A. Nofi - Editor, The NYMAS Review

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Contents

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Limin, Zhang“” (“Establishment and Evolution of Japanese Policies for the Economic Control of North China during the Sino-Japanese War”)中国经济史研究 (Research in Chinese Economic History) 1999 38
Limin, Zhang“” (“The North China Development Company and the Japanese Government and Military”)历史研究 (Historical Research) 1995 156
Ruide, Zhang
Shaosi, Zhang中国抗日战争大辞典 (The Comprehensive Dictionary of the Chinese War of Resistance against Japan)Wuhan武汉出版社 1995
Sheng, Zhang“南京民国政府初期关税改革述评” (“A Discussion of Customs Reform in the Early Nanjing Nationalist Government”)近代史研究 (Modern Chinese History Studies) 74 1993 208
Shengfa, Zhang“战后初期斯大林对中国革命的态度和立场” (“Stalin’s Attitude and Position toward the Chinese Revolution in the Early Post-war Period”)中共党史研究 (Research on the History of the Chinese Communist Party) 2000 57
Shuiliang, Zhang“抗日战争时期陕甘宁边区的公营工业” (“Government-Run Industry in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area during the Sino-Japanese War”)中国社会经济史研究 (Research on Chinese Social and Economic History) 1988 90
Shuiliang, Zhang“二战时期国统区的三次灾荒及其对社会经济的影响” (“The Three Great Famines in the Areas Ruled by the Nationalists during the Second World War and Its Influence upon the Social Economy”)中国社会经济史研究 (Research on Chinese Social and Economic History) 1990 90
Xiaohui, Zhang“简论抗战时期中国共产党政权理论的认识和发展” (“A Short Discussion of the Development of the Communist Party’s Theory of Political Power during the War of Resistance against Japan”)中共党史研究 (Research on the History of the Chinese Communist Party) 1998 66
Xueliang, Zhang張學良口述歷史 (An Oral History by Zhang Xueliang)Degang, TangTaipei遠流出版社 2009
Youyi, Zhang中国近代农业史资料 (Materials on Modern Chinese Agricultural History)Beijing三联书店 1957
Zhihui, Zhao“太平洋战争时期美国的中国大国地位政策的起源” (“The Origin of the U.S. Policy to Regard China as a Great Power during the Pacific War”)史学集刊 (Collected Papers of Historical Studies) 2000 64
Zhilian, ZhangXuerong, Liu世界历史地图集 (World History Map Collection)Beijing中国地图出版社 2001
Derong, Zheng“西安事变若干问题的新思考” (New Reflections on Some Questions about the Xi’an Incident)中共党史研究 (Research on the History of the Chinese Communist Party) 1997 19
Huixin, Zheng“1933年的中美棉麦借款” (“The 1933 U.S. Loan to China for Cotton and Wheat”)历史研究 (Historical Research) 1988 128
Shaowen, Zhu“日本帝国主义九・一八事变后对我国东北的经济掠夺” (“The Economic Plunder of Manchuria by Japanese Imperialism after the Manchurian Incident”)中国经济史研究 (Research in Chinese Economic History) 1999 3
Xiaoxin, Zhu历史词典 (Historical Dictionary)Beijing学苑出版社 2005
Yuxiang, Zhu“抗日战争与中国经济” (“The Anti-Japanese War and the Chinese Economy”)文史哲 (Journal of Literature, History, and Philosophy) 230 1995 3
Yuxiang, Zhu“山东抗日根据地的减租减息” (“The Rent and Interest Reduction in the Shandong Base Area during the Sino-Japanese War”)文史哲 (Journal of Literature, History, and Philosophy) 230 1981 72
Zyriakov, P. IПограничные войска СССР 1929–1938: Сборник документов и материалов (Border Forces of the USSR 1929–1938: Collection of Documents and Materials)MoscowИздательство «наука» 1972