Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
Plague and Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean World
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 11
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Green, Monica H. 2018. Putting Africa on the Black Death map: Narratives from genetics and history. Afriques,

    Borovaya, Olga 2018. The first Ladino travelogue: Moses Almosnino’s treatise on the extremes of Constantinople. Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 106.

    Namouchi, Amine Guellil, Meriam Kersten, Oliver Hänsch, Stephanie Ottoni, Claudio Schmid, Boris V. Pacciani, Elsa Quaglia, Luisa Vermunt, Marco Bauer, Egil L. Derrick, Michael Jensen, Anne Ø. Kacki, Sacha Cohn, Samuel K. Stenseth, Nils C. and Bramanti, Barbara 2018. Integrative approach using Yersinia pestis genomes to revisit the historical landscape of plague during the Medieval Period. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue. 50, p. E11790.

    Mordechai, Lee 2018. Short-term Cataclysmic Events in Premodern Complex Societies. Human Ecology, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 323.

    Harper, Kyle 2018. Integrating the natural sciences and Roman history: Challenges and prospects. History Compass, Vol. 16, Issue. 12, p. e12520.

    Cascavilla, Giuseppe Pio 2018. “L'Aimable Visir”. French Historical Studies, Vol. 41, Issue. 4, p. 611.

    Şahin, Kaya 2017. The Ottoman Empire in the Long Sixteenth Century. Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 70, Issue. 1, p. 220.

    Mallia‐Milanes, Victor 2017. Mediterranean Identities - Environment, Society, Culture.

    Jones, Lori 2016. The Diseased Landscape: Medieval and Early Modern Plaguescapes. Landscapes, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 108.

    2016. Current Bibliography of the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences, 2016. Isis, Vol. 107, Issue. S1, p. i.

    Newfield, Timothy P. 2016. Mysterious and Mortiferous Clouds: The Climate Cooling and Disease Burden of Late Antiquity. Late Antique Archaeology, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 89.

    ×
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Plague and Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean World
    • Online ISBN: 9781139004046
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139004046
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This is the first systematic scholarly study of the Ottoman experience of plague during the Black Death pandemic and the centuries that followed. Using a wealth of archival and narrative sources, including medical treatises, hagiographies and travellers' accounts, as well as recent scientific research, Nükhet Varlik demonstrates how plague interacted with the environmental, social, and political structures of the Ottoman Empire from the late medieval through the early modern era. The book argues that the empire's growth transformed the epidemiological patterns of plague by bringing diverse ecological zones into interaction and by intensifying the mobilities of exchange among both human and non-human agents. Varlik maintains that persistent plagues elicited new forms of cultural imagination and expression, as well as a new body of knowledge about the disease. In turn, this new consciousness sharpened the Ottoman administrative response to the plague, while contributing to the makings of an early modern state.

Reviews

'… a book that tackles and raises major questions about Ottoman history and the hitherto under-studied subject of disease. Much as the subject of plague has been ascribed great importance within the historiography of medieval and early modern Europe, Varlik demonstrates that plague in the Eastern Mediterranean merits consideration as the focal point in the study of the Ottoman Empire and its capital in Istanbul … Whether continuing the study of diseases and their relationship with a transformation polity or exploring how cats became cuddly co-agents in an Ottoman reaction to repeated epidemics, Ottomanist scholars will return to Plague and Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean World as an important source of new questions in the years to come.'

Chris Gratien Source: The Journal of Ottoman Studies

'The significant contribution of Nükhet Varlık’s monograph is that it places the Ottoman empire in the context of world plague history rather than treating it as an isolated, Islamic site of plague phenomena. … I expect this excellent, ambitious and original scholarly work to have a significant impact on the fields of Ottoman history and plague studies. It fits into a new wave of innovative Ottomanist scholarship that takes questions of disease and environment and makes them central to the study of empire.'

Palmira Brummett Source: The English Historical Review

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

  • Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi (BOA, Prime Ministry Ottoman Archive, Istanbul)

  • Kamil Kepeci (KK)

  • Mühimme Defteri (MD)

  • Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi Arşivi (TSMA, Topkapı Palace Museum Archives, Istanbul)

Atufi. Defter-i Kütüb. Ms. Hungarian National Library, Török F. 59.
Bistami, Abdurrahman. Wasf al-dawāʾ fī kashf āfāt al-wabāʾ. Ms. Süleymaniye Library, Şehid Ali Paşa 2811/44.
Bistami, Abdurrahman. al-Adʿiyyah al-muntakhabah fī al-adwiyyah al-mujarrabah. Ms. Süleymaniye Library, Hacı Mahmud Efendi 4228/1.
İdris-i Bidlisi. Risālah al-ʿibāʾ ʿan mawāqiʿ al-wabāʾ. Ms. Süleymaniye Library, Aşir Efendi 275/3.
İlyas bin İbrahim (Eliahu ben Avraham). Majannah al-ṭāʿūn wa al-wabāʾ. Süleymaniye Library, ms. Esad Efendi 2484/3, 28–42ff.
İlyas bin İbrahim (Eliahu ben Avraham). Tevfīkātü’l-hamidiyye fī defʿi'l-emrāzi'l-vebāʾiyye. Translated by Ahmedü’ş-Şami Ömeri. Ms. Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa History of Medicine Library, 105.
Kemalpaşazade. Risālah fī al-ṭāʿūn. Ms. Süleymaniye Library, Aşir Efendi 430/36.
Ramazan, Tabib. Al-Risālah al-fathiyyah al-ungurusiyyah al-sulaymaniyyah. Ms. Topkapı Palace Museum Library, Revan 1279.
Taşköprizade, Ahmed. Risālah al-shifāʾ li-adwāʾ al-wabāʾ. Ms. Süleymaniye Library, Aşir Efendi 275.
Taşköprizade, Ahmed. Bezlü’l-māʿūn fī cevāzi'l-ḫurūc ʿani't-ṭāʿūn. Translated by Ahmed Tevhid. Ms. Istanbul University, Cerrahpaşa History of Medicine Library, 225.
Ünver, Süheyl. Notlar. Ms. Süleymaniye Library, 662.
5 Numaralı Mühimme Defteri (973/1565–1566): özet ve indeks. Edited by Yıldırım, Hacı Osman et al. Ankara: T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, 1994.
7 Numaralı Mühimme Defteri (975–976/1567–1569): özet-transkripsiyon-indeks. Edited by Yıldırım, Hacı Osman et al. Ankara: T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, 1998.
Abdal Mûsa, . Abdal Mûsâ Velâyetnâmesi. Edited by Güzel, Abdurrahman. Ankara: TTK, 1999.
Ahmed Bî-cân (Yazıcıoğlu), . Dürr-i Meknun: kritische Edition mit Kommentar. Edited by Kaptein, Laban, Seidel, Tom, van der Land, Wouter et al. Asch: [Laban Kaptein], 2007.
Ahmed Bî-cân (Yazıcıoğlu), . Dürr-i Meknun: Saklı İnciler. Istanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1999.
Ahmedî, . Dîvân. Edited by Akdoğan, Yaşar. [Ankara]: T.C. Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı Yayınları, 1988.
Ahmedî, . History of the Kings of the Ottoman Lineage and Their Holy Raids against the Infidels. Edited by Sılay, Kemal. Cambridge, MA: Department of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, Harvard University, 2004.
Ahmet Refik, . On Altıncı Asırda İstanbul Hayatı (1553–1591). Istanbul: Enderun Kitabevi, 1988.
Al-Ahrī, Abū Bakr al-Quṭbī. Taʾrikh-i Shaikh Uwais (A History of Shaikh Uwais): An Important Source for the History of Ādharbaijān in the Fourteenth Century. Translated by Van Loon, J. B.. The Hague: Mouton, 1954.
Albèri, Eugenio, ed. Relazioni degli Ambasciatori Veneti al Senato. Series III. 3 vols. Florence: Società editrice fiorentina, 1840–55.
Alberti, Tommaso. Viaggio a Costantinopoli (1609–1621). Bologna: Romagnoli, 1889.
Almosnino, Mosé ben Baruj. Extremos y grandezas de Constantinopla. Madrid: Francisco Martinez, 1638.
Altuntaş, İsmail Hakkı. Niyâzî-i Mısrî. Divan-ı İlâhiyyat ve Açıklaması. N.p., 2010.
Aşık Paşazade, . Osmanoğulları’nın Tarihi. Edited by Yavuz, Kemal and Saraç, Yekta. Istanbul: Koç Kültür Sanat Tanıtım, 2003.
Atsız, Nihal. “Fatih Sultan Mehmed'e Sunulmuş Tarihi bir Takvim.” İstanbul Enstitüsü Dergisi 3, no. 1 (1957): 1723.
Aydın, Mehmet Âkif, Günalan, Rıfat, and Yılmaz, Coşkun. İstanbul Kadı Sicilleri. Istanbul: İslâm Araştırmaları Merkezi (İSAM), 2010. http://www.kadisicilleri.org/.
Barkan, Ömer Lütfi. “Edirne Askerî Kassamı’na Âit Tereke Defterleri (1545–1659).” Türk Tarih Belgeleri Dergisi 3, nos. 5–6 (1966): 1479.
Belon, Pierre. Les Observations de plusieurs singularitez et choses memorables, trouvees en Grece, Asie, Judée, Egypte, Arabie & autres pays estranges. Paris: Chez Hierosme de Marnef, 1588.
Blackburn, Richard, ed. and trans. Journey to the Sublime Porte: The Arabic Memoir of a Sharifian Agent's Diplomatic Mission to the Ottoman Imperial Court in the Era of Suleyman the Magnificent. Beirut: Orient-Institut, 2005.
Bon, Ottaviano. The Sultan's Seraglio: An Intimate Portrait of Life at the Ottoman Court (from the Seventeenth-Century Edition of John Withers). London: Saqi, 1996.
Brayer, A. Neuf années à Constantinople, observations sur la topographie de cette capitale, l'hygiène et les mœurs de ses habitants, l'islamisme et son influence: la peste…les quarantaines et les lazarets. Paris: Bellizard, 1836.
de Busbecq, Ogier Ghiselin. The Turkish Letters of Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq. Imperial Ambassador at Constantinople, 1554–1562. Translated from the Latin of the Elzevir Edition of 1663 by Forster, Edward Seymour. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
Celâlüddin Hızır (Hacı Paşa), . Müntahab-ı Şifâ. Edited by Önler, Zafer. Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1990.
Chesneau, Jean. Le Voyage de Monsieur d'Aramon ambassadeur pour le Roy en Levant escript par noble homme Jean Chesneau l'un des secrétaires dudict seigneur ambassadeur. Paris: E. Leroux, 1887.
de Clavijo, Ruy González. Narrative of the Embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the Court of Timour at Samarcand, AD 1403–6. London: Hakluyt Society, 1859.
van Aelst, Coecke, Pieter. The Turks in MDXXXIII: A Series of Drawings Made in That Year at Constantinople. London: privately printed for W. S. M., 1873.
Davis, James Cushman. Pursuit of Power: Venetian Ambassador's Reports on Spain, Turkey and France in the Age of Phillip II: 1560–1600. New York: Harper and Row, 1970.
Defoe, Daniel. A Journal of the Plague Year. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992.
Dei, Benedetto. La cronica dall'anno 1400 all'anno 1500. Edited by Barducci, Roberto. Florence: F. Papafava, 1984.
Dernschwam, Hans. İstanbul ve Anadolu'ya Seyahat Günlüğü. Ankara: Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı, 1987.
Dols, Michael W. “Ibn al-Wardī's Risālah al-Nabaʾ ʿan al-Wabaʾ: A Translation of a Major Source for the History of the Black Death in the Middle East.” In Near Eastern Numismatics, Iconography, Epigraphy and History, Studies in Honor of George C. Miles, edited by Kouymjian, Dickron K., 443–55. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1974.
Doukas, . Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1975.
Düzdağ, Ertuğrul M. Şeyhülislam Ebussuud Efendi Fetvaları Işığında 16. Asır Türk Hayatı. Istanbul, 1983.
Çelebi, Evliya. Evliyâ Çelebi Seyahatnâmesi. Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 1996.
Gerlach, Stephan. Türkiye Günlüğü: 1573–1576. 2 vols. Istanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2007.
Giovio, Paolo. A shorte treatise vpon the Turkes chronicles. London: Edvvarde VVhitchurche, 1546.
Bektaş Veli, Hacı. Manakıb-ı Hacı Bektâş-ı Velî “Vilâyetnâme.” Istanbul: İnkılap Kitabevi, 1995.
Abrū, Ḥāfiẓ. Zayl-i Jāmiʿ al-Tavārīkh. Edited by Bayānī, Khānbābā. Tehran: ʿIlmī, 1317 [1939].
Rumlu, Hasan. A Chronicle of the Early Ṣafavīs. Edited and translated by Seddon, C. N.. Baroda: Oriental Institute, 1931–34.
Heberer, Johann Michael. Aegyptiaca servitus. Graz: Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, 1967.
Saadettin Efendi, Hoca. Tacü’t-tevarih. Istanbul: Milli Eğitim Basımevi, 1979.
Holland, Sir Henry. Travels in the Ionian Isles, Albania, Thessaly, Macedonia, &c. during the Years 1812 and 1813. Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1819.
Horrox, Rosemary, trans. and ed. The Black Death. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.
Battuta, Ibn. Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325–1354. Translated by Gibb, H. A. R.. London: Routledge, 1929.
Isa-yı Saruhanî, İbn. Akhisarlı Şeyh Îsâ Menâkıbnâmesi (XVI. yüzyıl). Edited by Küçük, Sezai and Muslu, Ramazan. Sakarya: Aşiyan Yayınları, 2003.
Şerîf, İbn-i. Yâdigâr: 15. Yüzyıl Türkçe Tıp Kitabı. Edited by Altıntaş, Ayten et al., 2 vols. Istanbul: Merkez Efendi ve Halk Hekimliği Derneği, 2003–4.
de Jaucourt, Louis. “Peste.” In Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, edited by Diderot, Denis and d'Alembert, Jean le Rond, 12: 452–58. Paris: Sociétés Typographiques, 1751–72.
de Jaucourt, Louis. “Turquie.” In Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, edited by Diderot, Denis and d'Alembert, Jean le Rond, 16: 755–59. Paris: Sociétés Typographiques, 1751–72.
Çelebi, Katip. Keşfü’z-Zunûn. Istanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 2007.
Abdal, Kaygusuz. Kaygusuz Abdal (Alâeddin Gaybî) Menâkıbnamesi. Edited by Abdurrahman Güzel. Ankara: TTK, 1999.
Kemal, . Selâtîn-Nâme (1299–1490). Ankara: TTK, 2001.
Kinglake, Alexander William. Kinglake's Eothen. London: Henry Frowde, 1906.
Klarwill, Victor, ed. Fugger-Zeitungen; ungedruckte Briefe an das Haus Fugger aus den Jahren 1568–1605. Vienna: Rikola, 1923.
Kömürcüyan, Eremia. İstanbul Tarihi: XVII. Asırda İstanbul. Translated by Andreasyan, Hrand D. Istanbul: Eren, 1988.
Kritovoulos, . History of Mehmed the Conqueror. Translated by Riggs, Charles T.. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1954.
La Brocquière, Bertrandon de. The Voyage D'Outremer. New York: Peter Lang, 1988.
Lubenau, Reinhold. Beschreibung der Reisen des Reinhold Lubenau. Edited by Sahm, W., 2 vols. Königsberg: Beyer (Thomas and Oppermann), 1914–15.
el-Mârdânî, Abdülvehhâb bin Yûsuf ibn-i Ahmed. Kitâbu'l-Müntehab fî’t-Tıb: inceleme, metin, dizin, sadeleştirme, tıpkıbasım. Edited by Bayat, Ali Haydar. Istanbul: Merkezefendi Geleneksel Tıp Derneği, 2005.
Manuel II Palaeologus. The Letters. Edited and translated by Dennis, George T.. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, 1977.
Maurand, Jérome. Itinéraire de Jérome Maurand d'Antibes à Constantinople (1544). Paris: E. Leroux, 1901.
Moltke, Helmuth Bernhard von, Karl. Türkiye'deki Durum ve Olaylar Üzerine Mektuplar (1835–1839). Translated by Örs, Hayrullah. Ankara: TTK Basımevi, 1960.
Müneccimbaşı Ahmed bin Lütfullah. Müneccimbaşı Tarihi. Translated by Erünsal, İsmail. [Istanbul]: Tercüman, [197–].
Âli, Mustafa. Câmiʿu'l-Buhûr Der Mecâlis-i Sûr. Edited by Öztekin, Ali. Ankara: TTK, 1996.
Âli, Mustafa. Künhü’l-ahbâr: dördüncü rükn, Osmanlı tarihi. Ankara: TTK, 2009.
Âli, Mustafa. Mustafā Ali's Counsel for Sultans of 1581. Edited by Tietze, Andreas. Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1979.
Muṣṭawfī, Zayn al-Dīn b. Allāh Qazvīnī, Ḥamd. Zayl-i Tārīkh-i Guzīda. Edited by Afshār, Īraj. Tehran: Naqsh-i Jahān, 1372 [1993].
Neşrî, . Kitâb-ı Cihan-Nümâ = Neşrî Tarihi. Edited by Unat, Faik Reşit and Köymen, Mehmed A.. 2 vols. Ankara: TTK, 1995.
Ongan, Halit, ed. Ankara'nın 1 Numaralı Şeriye Sicili. Ankara: TTK, 1958.
Beğ, Oruç. Oruç Beğ Tarihi: Giriş, Metin, Kronoloji, Dizin, Tıpkıbasım. Edited by Öztürk, Necdet. Istanbul: Çamlıca Basım Yayın, 2007.
Pouqueville, François-Charles-Hugues-Laurent. Voyage en Morée, à Constantinople, en Albanie, et dans plusieurs autres parties de l'empire othoman, pendant les années 1798, 1799, 1800 et 1801. Gabon (Paris), 1805.
Russell, Alexander, and Russell, Patrick. The Natural History of Aleppo: Containing a Description of the City, and the Principal Natural Productions in Its Neighbourhood: Together with an Account of the Climate, Inhabitants, and Diseases, Particularly of the Plague. London: printed for G. G. and J. Robinson, 1794.
Rycaut, Paul. The Present State of the Ottoman Empire. London: John Starkey and Henry Brome, 1670.
Sabuncuoğlu, Şerefeddin. Cerrāḥiyyetü’l-Ḫāniyye. Edited by Uzel, İlter. 2 vols. Ankara: TTK, 1992.
Sahillioğlu, Halil, ed. Topkapı Sarayı Arşivi, H. 951–952 Tarihli ve E-12321 Numaralı Mühimme Defteri. Istanbul: IRCICA, 2002.
Şahin, İlhan, ed. II. Bâyezid Dönemine Ait 906/1501 Tarihli Ahkâm Defteri. Istanbul: Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1994.
Sanjian, Avedis K. Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301–1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1969.
Sanudo, Marino. I diarii di Marino Sanuto (MCCCCXCVI-MDXXXIII) dall’ autografo Marciano ital. cl. VII codd. CDXIX-CDLXXVII. 58 vols. Venice: F. Visentini, 1879–1903.
Schachman, Bartholomäus. Bartholomäus Schachman (1559–1614): The Art of Travel. Milan: Skira, 2012.
Schiltberger, Johann. The Bondage and Travels of Johann Schiltberger. New York: Burt Franklin, 1879.
Schreiner, Peter. Die byzantinischen Kleinchroniken. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1975–79.
Schweigger, Salomon. Sultanlar Kentine Yolculuk, 1578–1581. Translated by Noyan, S. Türkis. Istanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2004.
Seidel, Friedrich. Sultanın Zindanında: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'na Gönderilen bir Elçilik Heyetinin İbret Verici Öyküsü (1591–1596). Translated by Noyan, Türkis. Istanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2010.
Mustafa Efendi, Selânikî. Tarih-i Selânikî. Edited by İpşirli, Mehmet. Ankara: TTK, 1999.
Hamza, Şeyyad. The Story of Joseph: A Fourteenth-Century Turkish Morality Play. Translated by Hickman, Bill. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2014.
Mehmet, Solakzâde Çelebi, Hemdemi. Solakzâde Tarihi. Istanbul, 1880.
Spandouginos, Theodōros. Theodore Spandounes: On the Origins of the Ottoman Emperors. Translated and edited by Nicol, Donald M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Sphrantzes, George. The Fall of the Byzantine Empire: A Chronicle by George Sphrantzes, 1401–1477. Translated by Philippides, Marios. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980.
Tafur, Pero. Travels and Adventures, 1435–1439. Edited by Letts, Malcolm. New York: Harper, 1926.
Taşköprizade, Ahmed ibn Mustafa. al-Shaqāʾiq al-nuʿmāniyya fī ʿulamāʾ al-Dawla al-ʿUthmānīyya. Istanbul: Edebiyat Fakültesi Basımevi, 1985.
Taşköprizade, Ahmed ibn Mustafa. Risālah al-shifāʾ li-adwāʾ al-wabāʾ [Cairo]: al-Matbaʿah al-Wahbiyah, 1875.
Toulon, Father Maurice de. Le Capucin charitable, enseignant la méthode pour remédier aux grandes misères que la peste a coûtume de causer parmi les peuples. Paris, 1662.
Turan, Osman. İstanbul'un Fethinden Önce Yazılmış Tarihî Takvimler. Ankara: TTK Basımevi, 2007.
Bey, Tursun. Târîh-i Ebü’l-feth. Edited by Tulum, Mertol. Istanbul: Baha Matbaası, 1977.
Wiet, Gaston. “La grande peste noire en Syrie et en Égypt.” In Études d'Orientalisme dédiées à la mémoire de Lévi-Provençal 1: 367–84. Paris: G.-P. Maisonneuve et Larose, 1962.
Wittman, William. Travels in Turkey, Asia Minor, Syria, and across the Desert into Egypt during the Years 1799, 1800, and 1801, in Company with the Turkish Army, and the British Military Mission. To Which Are Annexed, Observations on the Plague, and on the Diseases Prevalent in Turkey, and a Meteorological Journal. Philadelphia: printed and sold by James Humphreys, 1804.
Wratislaw, Wenceslas. Adventures of Baron Wenceslas Wratislaw of Mitrowitz: What He Saw in the Turkish Metropolis, Constantinople; Experienced in His Captivity; and After His Happy Return to His Country, Committed to Writing in the Year of Our Lord 1599. Translated by Wratislaw, A. H.. London: Bell and Daldy, 1862.
Aberth, John, ed. The Black Death: The Great Mortality of 1348–1350: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2005.
Abu-Lughod, Janet. Before European Hegemony: The World System ad 1250–1350. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Achtman, Mark, Morelli, Giovanna, Zhu, Peixuan, Wirth, Thierry, Diehl, Ines, Kusecek, Barica, Vogler, Amy J., et al.Microevolution and History of the Plague Bacillus, Yersinia pestis.” PNAS 101, no. 51 (2004): 17837–42.
Achtman, Mark, Zurth, Kerstin, Morelli, Giovanna, Torrea, Gabriela, Guiyoule, Annie, and Carniel, Elisabeth. “Yersinia pestis, the Cause of Plague, Is a Recently Emerged Clone of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.” PNAS 96, no. 24 (1999): 14043–48.
Ágoston, Gábor. “A Flexible Empire: Authority and Its Limits on the Ottoman Frontiers.” International Journal of Turkish Studies 9, nos. 1–2 (2003): 1531.
Ágoston, Gábor. “Where Environmental and Frontier Studies Meet: Rivers, Forests, Marshes and Forts along the Ottoman – Hapsburg Frontier in Hungary.” In The Frontiers of the Ottoman World, edited by Peacock, A. C. S., 5779. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Aharoni, Bathscheba. Die Muriden von Palästina und Syrien. Lucka (Bez. Leipzig): Druck von Reinhold Berger, 1932.
Akar, Metin. “Şeyyad Hamza Hakkında Yeni Bilgiler.” Türklük Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 (1987): 114.
Akasoy, Anna. “Islamic Attitudes to Disasters in the Middle Ages.” The Medieval History Journal 10, nos. 1–2 (2007): 387410.
Akıncı, Sırrı. “Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda Veba (Taun) Salgınları ve Yorumlanması.” PhD diss., Istanbul University, 1969.
Akıncı, Sırrı. “Tarih Boyunca Veba.” Tarih Mecmuası 6 (1973): 3237.
Alexander, John T. Bubonic Plague in Early Modern Russia: Public Health and Urban Disaster. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.
Altun, Kudret. Gelibolulu Mustafa Âli ve Divânı (Vâridâtü’l-Enîkâ). Niğde: Özlem Kitabevi, 1999.
And, Metin. 16. Yüzyılda İstanbul: Kent, Saray, Günlük Yaşam. Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2009.
Anderson, Sonia P. An English Consul in Turkey: Paul Rycaut at Smyrna, 1667–1678. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Andrews, Walter G. The Age of Beloveds: Love and the Beloved in Early-Modern Ottoman and European Culture and Society. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005.
Andrianaivoarimanana, Voahangy, et al., “Understanding the Persistence of Plague Foci in Madagascar.” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7, no. 11 (2013): e2382.
Anisimov, Andrey P., Lindler, Luther E., and Pier, Gerald B.. “Intraspecific Diversity of Yersinia pestis.” Clinical Microbiology Reviews 17, no. 2 (2004): 434–64.
Ansari, B. M.An Account of Bubonic Plague in Seventeenth Century India in an Autobiography of a Mughal Emperor.” Journal of Infection 29, no. 3 (1994): 351–52.
Aplin, Ken P., Chesser, Terry, and Have, Jose ten. “Evolutionary Biology of the Genus Rattus: Profile of an Archetypal Rodent Pest.” In Rats, Mice, and People: Rodent Biology and Management, edited by Singleton, Grant R., Hinds, Lyn A., Krebs, Charles J., and Spratt, Dave M., 487–98. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 2003.
Aplin, Ken P., Suzuki, Hitoshi, Chinen, Alejandro A., Chesser, R. Terry, Have, José ten, Donnellan, Stephen C., Austin, Jeremy, et al.Multiple Geographic Origins of Commensalism and Complex Dispersal History of Black Rats.” PLoS ONE 6, no. 11 (2011): e26357.
Arık, Feda Şamil. “Selçuklular Zamanında Anadolu'da Veba Salgınları.” Tarih Araştırmaları Dergisi 15, no. 26 (1991): 27–57.
Armağan, A. Latif. “XVII. Yüzyılın Sonu ile XVIII. Yüzyılın Başlarında Batı Anadolu ve Balkanlarda Görülen Veba Salgınlarının Sosyo-Ekonomik Etkileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma.” In Proceedings of the 38th International Congress on the History of Medicine, 1–6 September 2002, edited by Sarı, Nil et al., 3: 907–14. Ankara: TTK, 2005.
Armitage, Philip L. “Unwelcome Companions: Ancient Rats Reviewed.” Antiquity 68, no. 259 (1994): 231–40.
Arslan, Mehmet. “Osmanlı Dönemi Düğün ve Şenliklerinde Nahıl Geleneği, 1675 Edirne Şenliği ve Bu Şenlikte Nahıllar.” In Osmanlı Edebiyat, Tarih, Kültür Makaleleri, 593617. Istanbul: Kitabevi, 2000.
Ata (Ataç), Galib. “İstanbul'da veba salgınları.” Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası 3 (1918): 189.
Audoin-Rouzeau, Frédérique. “Le rat noir (Rattus rattus) et la peste dans l'occident antique et médieval.” Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique 92, no. 5 (1999): 422–26.
Audoin-Rouzeau, Frédérique. Les chemins de la peste: le rat, la puce et l'homme. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2003.
Ayalon, Yaron. “Plagues, Famines, Earthquakes: The Jews of Ottoman Syria and Natural Disasters.” PhD diss., Princeton University, 2009.
Ayalon, Yaron. “When Nomads Meet Urbanites: The Outskirts of Ottoman Cities as a Venue for the Spread of Epidemic Diseases.” In Plagues in Nomadic Contexts: Historical Impact, Medical Responses, and Cultural Adaptations in Ancient to Mediaeval Eurasia, edited by Franz, Kurt et al. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming.
Aynur, Hatice. “Kurgusu ve Vurgusuyla Kendi Kaleminden Âşık Çelebi'nin Yaşamöyküsü.” In Âşık Çelebi ve Şairler Tezkiresi Üzerine Yazılar, edited by Aynur, Hatice and Niyazioğlu, Aslı, 19–55. Istanbul: Koç Üniversitesi Yayınları, 2011.
Ayyadurai, Saravanan, Houhamdi, Linda, Lepidi, Hubert, Nappez, Claude, Raoult, Didier, and Drancourt, Michel. “Long-Term Persistence of Virulent Yersinia pestis in Soil.” Microbiology 154, no. 9 (2008): 2865–71.
Ayyadurai, Saravanan, Sebbane, Florent, Raoult, Didier, and Drancourt, Michel. “Body Lice, Yersinia pestis Orientalis, and Black Death.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 16, no. 5 (2010): 892–93.
Babinger, Franz. Mehmet the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978.
Babinger, Franz, and Bosworth, C. E.. “Raghusa.” EI2.
Bacot, A. W., and Martin, C. J.. “Observations on the Mechanism of the Transmission of Plague by Fleas.” Journal of Hygiene 13 (Suppl. III) (1914): 423–39.
Badiaga, S., and Brouqui, P.. “Human Louse-Transmitted Infectious Diseases.” Clinical Microbiology and Infection 18, no. 4 (2012): 332–37.
Baer, Marc David. “The Great Fire of 1660 and the Islamization of Christian and Jewish Space in Istanbul.” IJMES 36 (2004): 159–81.
Baltazard, M.New Data in the Interhuman Transmission of Plague.” Bulletin de l'Académie nationale de médecine 143 (1959): 517–22.
Bang, Peter F., and Bayly, C. A.. Tributary Empires in Global History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
Barkai, Ron. “Between East and West: A Jewish Doctor from Spain.” In Intercultural Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean, edited by Arbel, Benjamin, 4963. London: Frank Cass, 1996.
Barker, John W. “Late Byzantine Thessalonike: A Second City's Challenges and Responses.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 57 (2003): 533.
Barry, Stephane, and Gualde, Norbert. “La peste noire dans l'Occident chrétien et musulman, 1347–1353.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la médecine 25, no. 2 (2008): 461–98.
Bartsocas, Christos S. “Two Fourteenth Century Greek Descriptions of the ‘Black Death.’JHMAS 21, no. 4 (1966): 394400.
Bayat, Ali Haydar. “Şer'iye Sicilleri ve Tıp Tarihimiz I: Rıza Senetleri.” Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları 79 (1992): 919.
Bayraktar, M. Sami. “Bafra ve Çarşamba'da Beylikler Döneminden Kalan Tarihi Yapılar.” Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 6, no. 25 (2013): 111–39.
Baytop, Turhan. “Aktarlar.” Dünden Bugüne İstanbul Ansiklopedisi, 8 vols. (Istanbul: Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, 1993–95), 1:172–74.
Behar, Cem. A Neighborhood in Ottoman Istanbul: Fruit Vendors and Civil Servants in the Kasap İlyas Mahalle. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003.
Néfissa, Ben, Kmar, , and Marie Moulin, Anne. “La peste nord-africaine et la théorie de Charles Nicolle sur les maladies infectieuses.” Gesnerus–Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Sciences 67, no. 1 (2010): 3056.
Benedictow, Ole Jørgen. The Black Death, 1346–1353: The Complete History. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2004.
Benedictow, Ole Jørgen. What Disease Was Plague? On the Controversy over the Microbiological Identity of Plague Epidemics of the Past. Leiden: Brill, 2010.
Ben-Zaken, Avner. Cross-Cultural Scientific Exchanges in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1560–1660. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.
Beyhan, Mehmet Ali. “1811–1812 İstanbul Veba Salgını, Etkileri ve Alınan Tedbirler.” In 1. Uluslararası Türk Tıp Tarihi Kongresi / 10. Ulusal Türk Tıp Tarihi Kongresi Bildiri Kitabı (20–24 May 2008), vol. 2, edited by Erdemir, Ayşegül Demirhan et al., 1029–36. Konya: Türk Tıp Tarihi Kurumu, 2008.
Biraben, Jean-Noël. Les hommes et la peste en France et dans les pays européens et méditerranéens. 2 vols. Paris: Mouton, 1975.
Bitam, Idir, Ayyadurai, Saravanan, Kernif, Tahar, Chetta, Mohammed, Boulaghman, Nabil, Raoult, Didier, and Drancourt, Michel. “New Rural Focus of Plague, Algeria.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 16, no. 10 (2010): 1639–40.
Blanc, G., and Baltazard, M.. “Rôle des ectoparasites humains dans la transmission de la peste.” Bulletin de l'Académie nationale de médecine 126 (1942): 446–48.
Bleukx, Koenraad. “Was the Black Death (1348–1349) a Real Plague Epidemic? England as a Case Study.” In Serta Devota in Memoriam Guillelmi Lourdaux, 2: Cultura Medievalis, edited by Verbeke, Werner, Haverals, Marcel, De Keyser, Rafaël, and Goossens, Jean, 65113. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1995.
Boeckl, Christine M. Images of Plague and Pestilence: Iconography and Iconology. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 2000.
Bolton, James L. “Looking for Yersinia pestis: Scientists, Historians, and the Black Death.” In Society in an Age of Plague (The Fifteenth Century, XII), edited by Clark, Linda and Rawcliffe, Carole, 1538. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2013.
Boogert, Maurits van den. Aleppo Observed: Ottoman Syria through the Eyes of Two Scottish Doctors, Alexander and Patrick Russell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Borah, Woodrow W., and Cook, Sherburne F.. The Aboriginal Population of Central Mexico on the Eve of the Spanish Conquest. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.
Borah, Woodrow W., and Cook, Sherburne F.. “Conquest and Population: A Demographic Approach to Mexican History.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 113, no. 2 (1969): 177–83.
Borah, Woodrow W., and Cook, Sherburne F.. The Population of Central Mexico in 1548. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960.
Borsch, Stuart J. The Black Death in Egypt and England: A Comparative Study. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005.
Borsook, Eve. “The Travels of Bernardo Michelozzi and Bonsignore Bonsignori in the Levant (1497–98).” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 36 (1973): 145–97.
Bos, Kirsten I., Schuenemann, Verena J, Golding, G. Brian, Burbano, Hernán A, Waglechner, Nicholas, Coombes, Brian K, McPhee, Joseph B et al.A Draft Genome of Yersinia pestis from Victims of the Black Death.” Nature 478, no. 7370 (2011): 506–10.
Boubaker, Sadok. “La peste dans les pays du Maghreb: attitudes face au fléau et impacts sur les activités commerciales (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles).” Revue d'Histoire maghrébine 79–80 (1995): 311–41.
Bowers, Kristy Wilson. Plague and Public Health in Early Modern Seville. Rochester, NY: University Rochester Press, 2013.
Boyar, Ebru, and Fleet, Kate. A Social History of Ottoman Istanbul. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Braude, Benjamin. “The Rise and Fall of Salonica Woollens, 1500–1650: Technology Transfer and Western Competition.” Mediterranean Historical Review 6, no. 2 (1991): 216–36.
Braudel, Fernand. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Brentjes, Sonja. Travellers from Europe in the Ottoman and Safavid Empires, 16th–17th Centuries: Seeking, Transforming, Discarding Knowledge. Burlington, VT: Ashgate/Variorum, 2010.
Brockliss, L. W. B., and Jones, Colin. The Medical World of Early Modern France. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.
Brooks, J. E., and Rowe, F. P.. Commensal Rodent Control. [Geneva]: WHO, Vector Biology and Control Division, 1987.
Buckland, Paul C., and Sadler, Jon P. “A Biogeography of the Human Flea, Pulex irritans L. (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).” Journal of Biogeography 16, no. 2 (1989): 115–20.
Buell, Paul D. “Qubilai and the Rats.” Sudhoffs Archiv 96, no. 2 (2012): 127–44.
Bulliet, Richard. “The Camel and the Watermill.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 666–68.
Bulmuş, Birsen. Plague, Quarantines, and Geopolitics in the Ottoman Empire. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012.
Burbank, Jane, and Cooper, Frederick. Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010.
Burke, Edmund. “Pastoralism and the Mediterranean Environment.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 663–65.
Campbell, Bruce M. S. “Physical Shocks, Biological Hazards, and Human Impacts: The Crisis of the Fourteenth Century Revisited.” In Le Interazioni Fra Economia E Ambiente Biologico nell'Europa Preindustriale. Secc. XIII–XVIII (Economic and Biological Interactions in Pre-Industrial Europe from the 13th to the 18th Centuries), edited by Cavaciocchi, Simonetta, 1332. Florence: Firenze University Press, 2010.
Çankaya, Nurten. “Taşköprülüzade Ahmet İsameddin Efendi'nin Risaletü’ş-şifa li-edva'il-vebâ adlı Risalesi Üzerine bir Değerlendirme.” In VIII. Türk Tıp Tarihi Kongresi: Kongreye Sunulan Bildiriler, 313–22. Istanbul: Türk Tıp Tarihi Kurumu, 2006.
Carmichael, Ann G. “Infectious Disease and Human Agency: An Historical Overview.” In Interactions between Global Change and Human Health: Working Group, 31 October–2 November 2004, 346. Vatican City: Pontificia Academia Scientiarum, 2006.
Carmichael, Ann G. Plague and the Poor in Renaissance Florence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
Carmichael, Ann G. “Plague, Historical.” In Encyclopedia of Microbiology, edited by Schaechter, Moselio, 5872. Oxford: Elsevier, 2009.
Carmichael, Ann G. “Plague Legislation in the Italian Renaissance.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 57, no. 4 (1983): 508–25.
Carmichael, Ann G. “Plague Persistence in Western Europe: A Hypothesis.” The Medieval Globe 1 (2014): 157191.
Carmichael, Ann G. “Universal and Particular: The Language of Plague, 1348–1500.” In Pestilential Complexities: Understanding Medieval Plague, edited by Nutton, Vivian, 1752. London: Wellcome Trust for the History of Medicine at UCL, 2008.
Carniel, Elisabeth. “Plague Today.” In Pestilential Complexities: Understanding Medieval Plague, edited by Nutton, Vivian, 115–22. London: Wellcome Trust for the History of Medicine at UCL, 2008.
Casale, Giancarlo. “The ‘Environmental Turn’: A Teaching Perspective.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 669–71.
Casale, Giancarlo. The Ottoman Age of Exploration. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Çetin, Osman. “Bursa Şeriyye Sicilleri Işığında Osmanlılarda İlk Tıp Fakültesi: Bursa Darüşşifası ve Tıbbi Faaliyetler.” Osmanlı Tarihi Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi Dergisi 4 (1993): 121–49.
Ceylan, Ömür. “Ölümün unutulan adı: veba.” Dergâh 15, no. 182 (2005): 20–21.
Ceylan, Yılmaz. “Konya Şeriyye Sicillerinden ikinci defterde kayıtlı olaylar ve hükümleri.” MA thesis, Selçuk University, Konya, 1991.
Christie, A. B., Chen, T. H., and Elberg, Sanford S.. “Plague in Camels and Goats: Their Role in Human Epidemics.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 141, no. 6 (1980): 724–26.
Cipolla, Carlo M. Cristofano and the Plague: A Study in the History of Public Health in the Age of Galileo. Berkeley: University of California Press, [1973].
Cipolla, Carlo M. Faith, Reason, and the Plague in Seventeenth-Century Tuscany. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1979.
Cipolla, Carlo M. Public Health and the Medical Profession in the Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.
Clair, Alexandrine N. St. The Image of the Turk in Europe. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1973.
Cohn, Samuel Kline. “The Black Death: End of a Paradigm.” The American Historical Review 107, no. 3 (2002): 703–38.
Cohn, Samuel Kline. The Black Death Transformed: Disease and Culture in Early Renaissance Europe. London: Arnold/Oxford University Press, 2002.
Cohn, Samuel Kline. Cultures of Plague: Medical Thinking at the End of the Renaissance. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Congourdeau, Marie-Hélène. “La peste noire à Constantinople de 1348 à 1466.” Medicina nei secoli 11, no. 2 (1999): 377–90.
Congourdeau, Marie-Hélène, and Melhaoui, Mohammed. “La perception de la peste en pays chrétien byzantin et musulman.” Revue des Études Byzantines 59 (2001): 95124.
Conrad, Lawrence. “The Plague in the Early Medieval Near East.” PhD diss., Princeton University, 1981.
Conrad, Lawrence. “Ṭāʿūn and Wabāʾ: Conceptions of Plague and Pestilence in Early Islam.” JESHO 25, no. 3 (1982): 268307.
Cook, Alexandra Parma, and Cook, Noble David. The Plague Files: Crisis Management in Sixteenth-Century Seville. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2009.
Cook, Michael A. Population Pressure in Rural Anatolia 1450–1600. London: Oxford University Press, 1972.
Cook, Sherburne Friend, and Borah, Woodrow W.. The Indian Population of Central Mexico, 1531–1610. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960.
Coomans, J., and Geltner, G.. “On the Street and in the Bathhouse: Medieval Galenism in Action?Anuario de Estudios Medievales 43, no. 1 (2013): 5382.
Corbin, Alain. The Foul and the Fragrant: Odor and the French Social Imagination. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.
Crawshaw, Jane L. Stevens. Plague Hospitals: Public Health for the City in Early Modern Venice. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012.
Crespo, Fabian, and Lawrenz, Matthew B., “Heterogeneous Immunological Landscapes and Medieval Plague: An Invitation to a New Dialogue between Historians and Immunologists.” The Medieval Globe 1 (2014): 229–57.
Crosby, Alfred W. The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972.
Cui, Yujun, Yu, Chang, Yan, Yanfeng, Li, Dongfang, Li, Yanjun, Jombart, Thibaut, Weinert, Lucy A et al.Historical Variations in Mutation Rate in an Epidemic Pathogen, Yersinia pestis.” PNAS 110, no. 2 (2013): 577–82.
Cummins, Neil, Kelly, Morgan, and O'Grada, Cormac. “Living Standards and Plague in London, 1560–1665.” SSRN Scholarly Paper. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, July 3, 2013. http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2289094.
Curry, John J. “Scholars, Sufis, and Disease: Can Muslim Religious Works Offer Us Novel Insights on Plagues and Epidemics in the Medieval and Early Modern World?” In Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean, edited by Varlık, Nükhet. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, forthcoming.
Curry, John J. The Transformation of Muslim Mystical Thought in the Ottoman Empire: The Rise of the Halveti Order, 1350–1750. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010.
Curtis, Bruce. “Foucault on Governmentality and Population: The Impossible Discovery.” The Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers Canadiens de Sociologie 27, no. 4 (2002): 505–33.
Dağlar, Oya. War, Epidemics and Medicine in the Late Ottoman Empire (1912–1918). Haarlem: Stichting Onderzoekscentrum Turkestan en Azerbaidzjan, 2008.
Danışman, Günhan H. “Emirza Bey Türbesi, Bafra.” Anadolu Araştırmaları 10 (1986): 543–46.
Darling, Linda T. “Ottoman Politics through British Eyes: Paul Rycaut's The Present State of the Ottoman Empire.Journal of World History 5, no. 1 (1994): 7197.
Davis, Diana K. “Introduction: Imperialism, Orientalism, and the Environment in the Middle East: History, Policy, Power, and Practice.” In Environmental Imaginaries of the Middle East and North Africa, edited by Davis, Diana K and Burke, Edmund, 1–22. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2011.
Davis, Diana K. “Power, Knowledge, and Environmental History in the Middle East and North Africa.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 657–59.
Dean, Mitchell. Governmentality: Power and Rule in Modern Society. London: Sage, 1999.
de Groot, A. H. “Kubrus.” EI2.
Delilbaşı, Melek. “The Via Egnatia and Selanik (Thessalonica) in the 16th Century.” In The Via Egnatia under Ottoman Rule (1380–1699), edited by Zachariadou, Elizabeth, 6784. Rethymnon: Crete University Press, 1996.
Devignat, R.Variétés de l'espèce Pasteurella pestis: nouvelle hypothèse.” Bulletin of the WHO 4, no. 2 (1951): 247–63.
Di Cosmo, Nicola. “Black Sea Emporia and the Mongol Empire: A Reassessment of the Pax Mongolica.” JESHO 53, nos. 1–2 (2010): 83108.
Dincer, Aysu. “Disease in a Sunny Climate: Effects of the Plague on Family and Wealth in Cyprus in the 1360s.” In Economic and Biological Interactions in Pre-industrial Europe, from the 13th to the 18th Century, 531–40. Florence: Firenze University Press, 2010.
Dols, Michael W. The Black Death in the Middle East. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1977.
Dols, Michael W. “The Comparative Communal Responses to the Black Death in Muslim and Christian Societies.” Viator 5 (1974): 269–87.
Dols, Michael W. “Geographical Origin of the Black Death.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 52, no. 1 (1978): 112–13.
Dols, Michael W. “Plague in Early Islamic History.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 94, no. 3 (1974): 371–83.
Dols, Michael W. “The Second Plague Pandemic and Its Recurrences in the Middle East: 1347–1894.JESHO 22, no. 2 (1979): 162–89.
Drancourt, Michel, Houhamdi, Linda, and Raoult, Didier. “Yersinia pestis as a Telluric, Human Ectoparasite-Borne Organism.” The Lancet Infectious Diseases 6, no. 4 (2006): 234–41.
Drancourt, Michel, Roux, Véronique, Dang, La Vu, Tran-Hung, Lam, Castex, Dominique, Chenal-Francisque, Viviane, Ogata, Hiroyuki et al.Genotyping, Orientalis-like Yersinia pestis, and Plague Pandemics.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 10, no. 9 (2004): 1585–92.
Drancourt, Michel, Signoli, Michel, Dang, La Vu, Bizot, Bruno, Roux, Véronique, Tzortzis, Stéfan, and Raoult, Didier. “Yersinia pestis Orientalis in Remains of Ancient Plague Patients.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 13, no. 2 (2007): 332–33.
Dunn, Ross E. The Adventures of Ibn Battuta, a Muslim Traveler of the Fourteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
Dursteler, Eric R. “The Bailo in Constantinople: Crisis and Career in Venice's Early Modern Diplomatic Corps.” Mediterranean Historical Review 16, no. 2 (2001): 130.
Easterday, W. Ryan, Kausrud, Kyrre L, Star, Bastiaan, Heier, Lise, Haley, Bradd J, Ageyev, Vladimir, Colwell, Rita R, and Stenseth, Nils Chr. “An Additional Step in the Transmission of Yersinia pestis?The ISME Journal 6, no. 2 (2012): 231–36.
Ebrahimnejad, Hormoz. Medicine, Public Health, and the Qājār State: Patterns of Medical Modernization in Nineteenth-Century Iran. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
Eisen, Rebecca J., Eisen, Lars, and Gage, Kenneth L. “Studies of Vector Competency and Efficiency of North American Fleas for Yersinia pestis: State of the Field and Future Research Needs.” Journal of Medical Entomology 46, no. 4 (2009): 737–44.
Eisen, Rebecca J., and Gage, Kenneth L. “Transmission of Flea-Borne Zoonotic Agents.” Annual Review of Entomology 57, no. 1 (2012): 6182.
Eisen, Rebecca J., Petersen, Jeannine M, Higgins, Charles L, Wong, David, Levy, Craig E, Mead, Paul S, Schriefer, Martin E et al.Persistence of Yersinia pestis in Soil under Natural Conditions.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 14, no. 6 (2008): 941–43.
Eldem, Edhem. “Death and Funerary Culture.” In Ágoston and Masters, ed., Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, 177–80.
Eldem, Edhem. Death in Istanbul: Death and Its Rituals in Ottoman-Islamic Culture. Istanbul: Ottoman Bank Archives and Research Centre, 2005.
Ell, Stephen R. “Immunity as a Factor in the Epidemiology of Medieval Plague.” Review of Infectious Diseases 6, no. 6 (1984): 866–79.
Ell, Stephen R. “Some Evidence for Interhuman Transmission of Medieval Plague.” Review of Infectious Diseases 1, no. 3 (1979): 563–66.
Ellerman, John Reeves, and Charles, Terence Morrison-Scott, Stuart. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals, 1758–1946. London: printed by order of the Trustees of the British Museum, 1951.
Emecen, Feridun M. İlk Osmanlılar ve Batı Anadolu Beylikler Dünyası. Istanbul: Kitabevi, 2001.
Emiralioğlu, Pınar. Geographical Knowledge and Imperial Culture in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2014.
Emmanuel, I. S. Histoire des Israélites de Salonique. Paris: Librairie Lipschutz, 1936.
Erder, Leila. “The Measurement of Preindustrial Population Changes: The Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the 17th Century.” Middle Eastern Studies 11, no. 3 (1975): 284301.
Ergin, Nina. “The Soundscape of Sixteenth-Century Istanbul Mosques: Architecture and Qur'an Recital.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 6, no. 2 (2008): 204–21.
Erickson, David L., Waterfield, Nicholas R, Vadyvaloo, Viveka, Long, Daniel, Fischer, Elizabeth R, ffrench-Constant, Richard, and Hinnebusch, B. Joseph. “Acute Oral Toxicity of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis to Fleas: Implications for the Evolution of Vector-Borne Transmission of Plague.” Cellular Microbiology 9, no. 11 (2007): 2658–66.
Erler, Mehmet. Osmanlı Devleti'nde Kuraklık, 1800–1880. Istanbul: Libra Kitap, 2010.
Ertuğ, Nejdet. Osmanlı Döneminde İstanbul Hammalları. Istanbul: Timaş Yayınları, 2008.
Ertuğ, Zeynep Tarım. XVI. Yüzyıl Osmanlı Devletinde Cülûs ve Cenaze Törenleri. Ankara: Kültür Bakanlığı, 1999.
Ervynck, Anton. “Sedentism or Urbanism? On the Origin of the Commensal Black Rat (Rattus rattus).” In Bones and the Man: Studies in Honour of Don Brothwell, edited by Dobney, Keith and O'Connor, Terry Patrick, 95109. Oxford: Oxbow, 2002.
Etker, Şeref. “Paul-Louis Simond ve Bakteriyolojihane-i Osmani'nin Çemberlitaş’ta açılışı (21 Eylül 1911).Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmaları 10, no. 2 (2009): 1333.
Evered, Emine Ö., and Evered, Kyle T. “Sex and the Capital City: The Political Framing of Syphilis and Prostitution in Early Republican Ankara.” JHMAS 68, no. 2 (2013): 266–99.
Evered, Kyle T., and Evered, Emine Ö. “Governing Population, Public Health, and Malaria in the Early Turkish Republic.” Journal of Historical Geography 37, no. 4 (2011): 470–82.
Evered, Kyle T., and Evered, Emine Ö. “State, Peasant, Mosquito: The Biopolitics of Public Health Education and Malaria in Early Republican Turkey.” Political Geography 31, no. 5 (2012): 311–23.
Evered, Kyle T., and Evered, Emine Ö. “Syphilis and Prostitution in the Socio-Medical Geographies of Turkey's Early Republican Provinces.” Health and Place 18, no. 3 (2012): 528–35.
Fahmy, Khaled. “An Olfactory Tale of Two Cities: Cairo in the Nineteenth Century.” In Historians in Cairo: Essays in Honor of George Scanlon, edited by Edwards, J., 155–87. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2002.
Fahmy, Ziad. “Coming to Our Senses: Historicizing Sound and Noise in the Middle East.” History Compass 11, no. 4 (2013): 305–15.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. Animals and People in the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul: Eren, 2010.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. Pilgrims and Sultans: The Hajj under the Ottomans, 1517–1683. London: Tauris, 1994.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. “Sixteenth-Century Periodic Markets in Various Anatolian Sancaks, İçel, Hamid, Karahisar-ı Sahib, Kütahya, Aydın, and Menteşe.” JESHO 22, no. 1 (1979): 3280.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. “Textile Production in Rumeli and the Arab Provinces: Geographical Distribution and the Internal Trade (1560–1650).” Osmanlı Araştırmaları 1 (1980): 61–83.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. Towns and Townsmen of Ottoman Anatolia: Trade, Crafts and Food Production in an Urban Setting, 1520–1650. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Fazlıoğlu, İhsan. “İlk dönem Osmanlı ilim ve kültür hayatında İhvânu's-safâ ve Abdurrahmân Bistâmî.” Dîvân: İlmî Araştırmalar 2 (1996): 229–40.
Fedorov, V. N.Plague in Camels and Its Prevention in the USSR.” Bulletin of the WHO 23, nos. 2–3 (1960): 275–81.
Finkel, Caroline. Osman's Dream: the History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300–1923. New York: Basic Books, 2006.
Fleet, Kate. European and Islamic Trade in the Early Ottoman State: The Merchants of Genoa and Turkey.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Fleet, Kate. “Ottoman Grain Exports from Western Anatolia at the End of the Fourteenth Century.” JESHO 40, no. 3 (1997): 283–93.
Fleet, Kate. “The Turkish Economy, 1071–1453.” In The Cambridge History of Turkey: Vol. 1. Byzantium to Turkey, 1071–1453, edited by Fleet, Kate, 227–65. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Fleischer, Cornell H. Bureaucrat and Intellectual in the Ottoman Empire: The Historian Mustafa Âli (1541–1600). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.
Fleischer, Cornell H.The Lawgiver as Messiah: The Making of the Imperial Image in the Reign of Süleymân.” In Soliman le magnifique et son temps, edited by Veinstein, Gilles, 159–77. Paris: La Documentation française, 1992.
Fleischer, Cornell H.Preliminaries to the Study of the Ottoman Bureaucracy.” Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (1986): 135–41.
Foucault, Michel
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. London: Penguin, 1998.
Frandsen, Karl-Erik. The Last Plague in the Baltic Region, 1709–1713. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2010.
Gage, Kenneth L., and Kosoy, Michael Y. “Natural History of Plague: Perspectives from More Than a Century of Research.” Annual Review of Entomology 50, no. 1 (2005): 505–28.
Galanté, Abraham. Histoire des juifs de Turquie. Istanbul: Isis, 1985.
Galanté, Abraham. Histoire des juifs d'Istanbul. Istanbul: Imprimerie Hüsnütabiat, 1941.
Gallagher, Nancy. Egypt's Other Wars: Epidemics and the Politics of Public Health. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990.
Gallagher, Nancy. Medicine and Power in Tunisia, 1780–1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Geltner, Guy. “Healthscaping a Medieval City: Lucca's Curia Viarum and the Future of Public Health History.” Urban History 40, no. 3 (2013): 395415.
Geltner, Guy. “Public Health and the Pre-Modern City: A Research Agenda.” History Compass 10, no. 3 (2012): 231–45.
Gibbons, Herbert Adams. The Foundation of the Ottoman Empire: A History of the Osmanlis up to the Death of Bayezid I, 1300–1403. New York: Century, 1916.
Ginio, Eyal. “Neither Muslims nor Zimmis: The Gypsies (Roma) in the Ottoman State.” Romani Studies 14, no. 2 (2004): 117–44.
Gökbilgin, Tayyip. “Edirne.” EI2.
Golem, Bilal, and Özsan, Kemal. “Türk Veba Suşlarında Biyoşimik Karakter Farkları.” Türk İjiyen ve Tecrübi Biyoloji Dergisi 12, no. 1 (1952): 2951.
Goodwin, Godfrey. “Gardens of the Dead in Ottoman Times.” Muqarnas 5 (January 1, 1988): 6169.
Gordon, Daniel. “Confrontations with the Plague in Eighteenth-Century France.” In Dreadful Visitations: Confronting Natural Catastrophe in the Age of Enlightenment, edited by Johns, Alessa, 329. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Goubert, Jean-Pierre, ed. La Médicalisation de la société française, 1770–1830. Waterloo, ON: Historical Reflections Press, 1982.
Green, Monica H.Editor's Introduction to Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death.” The Medieval Globe 1 (2014): 926.
Griffin, J. P.Venetian Treacle and the Foundation of Medicines Regulation.” British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 58, no. 3 (2004): 317–25.
Grosrichard, Alain. The Sultan's Court: European Fantasies of the East. London: Verso, 1998.
Günalan, Rıfat. “XVI. Yüzyılda Bab-ı Defteri Teşkilatı ve Maliye Ahkam Defterleri.” PhD diss., Marmara University, Istanbul, 2005.
Haensch, Stephanie, Bianucci, Raffaella, Signoli, Michel, Rajerison, Minoarisoa, Schultz, Michael, Kacki, Sacha, Vermunt, Marco et al.Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death.” PLoS Pathogens 6, no. 10 (2010): e1001134.
Halevi, Leor. Muhammad's Grave: Death Rites and the Making of Islamic Society. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.
Harbeck, Michaela, Seifert, Lisa, Hänsch, Stephanie, Wagner, David M, Birdsell, Dawn, Parise, Katy L, Wiechmann, Ingrid et al.Yersinia pestis DNA from Skeletal Remains from the 6th Century AD Reveals Insights into Justinianic Plague.” PLoS Pathogens 9, no. 5 (2013): e1003349.
Hasluck, F. W. Christianity and Islam under the Sultans. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1929.
Hatt, Robert T. The Mammals of Iraq. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1959.
Hecker, J. F. C. The Epidemics of the Middle Ages. Translated by Babington, B. G. London: Trübner, 1859.
Heier, Lise, Storvik, Geir O, Davis, Stephen A, Viljugrein, Hildegunn, Ageyev, Vladimir S, Klassovskaya, Evgeniya, and Chr. Stenseth, Nils. “Emergence, Spread, Persistence and Fade-out of Sylvatic Plague in Kazakhstan.” Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B: 278, no. 1720 (2011): 2915–23.
H-Environment Discussion Network. Roundtable Reviews 3, no. 8 (2013): 126. http://www.h-net.org/∼environ/roundtables/env-roundtable-3-8.pdf.
Hess, Andrew C. “The Ottoman Conquest of Egypt (1517) and the Beginning of the Sixteenth-Century World War.” IJMES 4, no. 1 (1973): 5576.
Heyd, Uriel. “The Jewish Community of Istanbul in the Seventeenth Century.” Oriens 6 (1953): 311–13.
Heyd, W. Histoire du commerce du Levant au moyen-âge. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1983.
Heywood, Colin. “Filling the Black Hole: The Emergence of the Bithynian Atamanates.” In The Great Ottoman Turkish Civilisation, edited by Çiçek, Kemal, Kuran, Ercüment, Göyünç, Nejat, and Ortaylı, İlber, 4 vols, 1: 107–15. Ankara: Yeni Türkiye Yayınevi, 2000.
Heywood, Colin. “Sickness and Death in an Ill Climate: The Detention of the Blackham Galley at Izmir 1697–8.” In Ottoman Izmir: Studies in Honour of Alexander H. de Groot, edited by van den Boogert, Maurits H., 5374. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2007.
Hinnebusch, B. J.The Evolution of Flea-Borne Transmission in Yersinia pestis.” Current Issues in Molecular Biology 7 (2005): 197212.
Houhamdi, Linda, Lepidi, Hubert, Drancourt, Michel, and Raoult, Didier. “Experimental Model to Evaluate the Human Body Louse as a Vector of Plague.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 194, no. 11 (2006): 1589–96.
Hrabak, Bogumil. “Kuga u balkanskim zemljama pod Turcima od 1450 do 1600 godine.” Istoriski glasnik 1–2 (Belgrade, 1957): 1937.
Hubálek, Zdenek. “An Annotated Checklist of Pathogenic Microorganisms Associated with Migratory Birds.” Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40, no. 4 (2004): 639–59.
Hymes, Robert. “Epilogue: A Hypothesis on the East Asian Beginnings of the Yersinia pestis Polytomy.” The Medieval Globe 1 (2014): 285308.
İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin. “Endülüs Menşeli Bazı Bilim Adamlarının Osmanlı Bilimine Katkıları.” Belleten 58 (1994): 565605.
İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin, ed. Osmanlı Tıbbi Bilimler Literatürü Tarihi [History of the literature of medical sciences during the Ottoman period]. 4 vols. Istanbul: IRCICA, 2008.
Imber, Colin. “The Legend of Osman Gazi.” In The Ottoman Emirate (1300–1389): Halcyon Days in Crete 1: A Symposium Held in Rethymnon 11–13 January 1991, edited by Zachariadou, Elizabeth A, 6773. Rethymnon: Crete University Press, 1993.
Imber, Colin. The Ottoman Empire, 1300–1650: The Structure of Power. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave, 2002.
İnal, Onur. “Environmental History as an Emerging Field in Ottoman Studies: An Historiographical Overview.” Osmanlı Araştırmaları 38 (2011): 125.
İnalcık, Halil. An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire. Vol. I: 1300–1600. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
İnalcık, Halil. “Bursa.” EI2.
İnalcık, Halil. “Bursa and the Commerce of the Levant.” JESHO 3, no. 2 (1960): 131–47.
İnalcık, Halil. “Edirne'nin Fethi (1361).” In Edirne: Edirne'nin 600. Fetih Yıldönümü Armağan Kitabı, 137–59. Ankara: TTK, 1993.
İnalcık, Halil. “Istanbul.” EI2.
İnalcık, Halil. “Mehemmed II.” EI2.
İnalcık, Halil. “Ottoman Galata, 1453–1553.” In Essays in Ottoman History, edited by İnalcık, Halil, 275376. Istanbul: Eren, 1998.
İnalcık, Halil. “Ottoman Methods of Conquest.” Studia Islamica 2 (January 1, 1954): 103–29.
İnalcık, Halil. “Selim I.” EI2.
İnalcık, Halil. The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age 1300–1600. Translated by Itzkowitz, Norman and Imber, Colin. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973.
Jennings, Ronald C. Christians and Muslims in Ottoman Cyprus and the Mediterranean World, 1571–1640. New York: New York University Press, 1993.
Jennings, Ronald C. “Plague in Trabzon and Reactions to It According to Local Judicial Registers.” In Humanist and Scholar: Essays in Honor of Andreas Tietze, edited by Lowry, Heath W and Quataert, Donald, 2736. Istanbul: Isis Press, 1993.
Jennings, Ronald C. “Urban Population in Anatolia in the Sixteenth Century: A Study of Kayseri, Karaman, Amasya, Trabzon, and Erzurum.” IJMES 7, no. 1 (1976): 2157.
Johns, Alessa, ed. Dreadful Visitations: Confronting Natural Catastrophe in the Age of Enlightenment. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Jones, Colin. “Montpellier Medical Students and the Medicalisation of 18th-Century France.” In Problems and Methods in the History of Medicine, edited by Porter, R. and Wear, A, 5780. London: Croom, Helm, 1987.
Jones, Colin. “Plague and Its Metaphors in Early Modern France.” Representations 53 (1996): 97127.
Jones, Colin, and Porter, Roy, eds. Reassessing Foucault: Power, Medicine, and the Body. London: Routledge, 1994.
Kacki, Sacha, and Castex, Dominique. “Réflexions sur la variété des modalités funéraires en temps d’épidémie. L'exemple de la peste noire en contextes urbain et rural.” Archéologie Médiévale 42 (2012): 121.
Kafadar, Cemal. Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Kafesçioğlu, Çiğdem. Constantinopolis/Istanbul: Cultural Encounter, Imperial Vision, and the Construction of the Ottoman Capital. University Park: Penn State University Press, 2009.
Karlsson, Gunnar. “Plague without Rats: The Case of Fifteenth-Century Iceland.” Journal of Medieval History 22, no. 3 (1996): 263–84.
Kasaba, Reşat. A Moveable Empire: Ottoman Nomads, Migrants, and Refugees. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2009.
Kastritsis, Dimitris J. The Sons of Bayezid: Empire Building and Representation in the Ottoman Civil War of 1402–1413. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Keeling, M. J., and Gilligan, C. A.. “Bubonic Plague: A Metapopulation Model of a Zoonosis.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 267, no. 1458 (2000): 2219–30.
Keeling, M. J.. “Metapopulation Dynamics of Bubonic Plague.” Nature 407, no. 6806 (2000): 903–6.
Kermeli, Eugenia, and Özel, Oktay, eds. The Ottoman Empire: Myths, Realities and “Black Holes”: Contributions in Honour of Colin Imber. Istanbul: Isis Press, 2006.
Kiel, Machiel. “Ottoman Building Activity along the Via Egnatia, the Cases of Pazargah, Kavalla and Ferecik.” In The Via Egnatia under Ottoman Rule (1380–1699), edited by Zachariadou, Elizabeth A., 145–58 (Rethymnon: Crete University Press, 1996).
Kılıç, Orhan. Eskiçağdan Yakınçağa Genel Hatlarıyla Dünyada ve Osmanlı Devletinde Salgın Hastalıklar. Elazığ: Fırat Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü, 2004.
Kinzelbach, Annemarie. “Infection, Contagion, and Public Health in Late Medieval and Early Modern German Imperial Towns.” JHMAS 61, no. 3 (2006): 369–89.
Konkola, Kari. “More Than a Coincidence? The Arrival of Arsenic and the Disappearance of Plague in Early Modern Europe.” JHMAS 47, no. 2 (1992): 186209.
Konyalı, İbrahim Hakkı. Konya tarihi. Konya: Enes Kitap Sarayı, 1997.
Kōstēs, Kōstas. Ston kairo tēs panōlēs: eikones apo tis koinōnies tēs Hellēnikēs chersonēsou, 14os-19os aiōnas. Hērakleio: Panepistēmiakes Ekdoseis Krētēs, 1995.
Krekic, B.Europe centrale et balkanique.” Annales: Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations 18, no. 3 (1963): 594–95.
Kuhnke, LaVerne. Lives at Risk: Public Health in Nineteenth-Century Egypt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
Kumrular, Özlem. The Ottoman World, Europe and the Mediterranean. Istanbul: Isis Press, 2012.
Kunt, Metin I. “State and Sultan up to the Age of Süleyman: Frontier Principality to World Empire.” In Süleyman the Magnificent and His Age: The Ottoman Empire in the Early Modern World, edited by Kunt, Metin and Woodhead, Christine, 329. London: Longman, 1995.
Kunt, Metin I. The Sultan's Servants: The Transformation of Ottoman Provincial Government, 1550–1650. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.
Kuran, Abdullah. “A Spatial Study of Three Ottoman Capitals: Bursa, Edirne, and Istanbul.” Muqarnas 13 (1996): 114–31.
Laayouni, Hafid, Oosting, Marije, Luisi, Pierre, Ioana, Mihai, Alonso, Santos, Ricaño-Ponce, Isis, Trynka, Gosia et al., “Convergent Evolution in European and Rroma Populations Reveals Pressure Exerted by Plague on Toll-like Receptors,” PNAS 111, no. 7 (2014): 2668–73.
Langer, Lawrence N. “The Black Death in Russia: Its Effects upon Urban Labor.” Russian History 2, no. 1 (1975): 5367.
Laqueur, Hans-Peter. Hüve'l-Baki: İstanbul'da Osmanlı Mezarlıkları ve Mezar Taşları. Translated by Dilidüzgün, Selahattin. Istanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1997.
Lefort, Jacques. “Population and Landscape in Eastern Macedonia during the Middle Ages: The Example of Radolibos.” In Continuity and Change in Late Byzantine and Early Ottoman Society, edited by Bryer, Anthony and Lowry, Heath W, 1121. Birmingham: The University of Birmingham, Centre for Byzantine Studies, 1986.
Lefort, Jacques. “Rural Economy and Social Relations in the Countryside.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 47 (1993): 101–13.
Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel. “Un concept: l'unification microbienne du monde (XIVe-XVIIe siècles).” Revue Suisse d'Histoire 23, no. 4 (1973): 627–96.
Li, Yanjun, Cui, Yujun, Hauck, Yolande, Platonov, Mikhail E, Dai, Erhei, Song, Yajun, Guo, Zhaobiao et al.Genotyping and Phylogenetic Analysis of Yersinia pestis by MLVA: Insights into the Worldwide Expansion of Central Asia Plague Foci.” PLoS ONE 4, no. 6 (2009): e6000.
Lien-Teh, Wu.The Original Home of Plague.” In Far Eastern Association of Tropical Medicine, Transactions of the Fifth Biennial Congress Held at Singapore, 1923, edited by Hoops, A. L. and Scharff, J. W, 286304. London: John Bale/Danielsson, 1924.
Lindner, Rudi Paul. Nomads and Ottomans in Medieval Anatolia. Bloomington: Research for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University, 1983.
Little, Lester K. “Plague Historians in Lab Coats.” Past and Present 213, no. 1 (2011): 267–90.
Lopez, Pasquale. Napoli e la peste 1464–1530: politica, istituzioni, problemi sanitari. Naples: Jovene, 1989.
Low, Michael Christopher. “Empire and the Hajj: Pilgrims, Plagues, and Pan-Islam under British Surveillance, 1865–1908.” IJMES 40, no. 2 (2008): 269–90.
Lowry, Heath W. Fifteenth Century Ottoman Realities: Christian Peasant Life on the Aegean Island of Limnos. Istanbul: Eren, 2002.
Lowry, Heath W. Ottoman Bursa in Travel Accounts. Bloomington: Indiana University Ottoman and Modern Turkish Studies Publications, 2003.
Lowry, Heath W. “Pushing the Stone Uphill: The Impact of Bubonic Plague on Ottoman Urban Society in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries.” Osmanlı Araştırmaları 23 (2003): 93132.
Lybyer, A. H.The Ottoman Turks and the Routes of Oriental Trade.” The English Historical Review 30, no. 120 (1915): 577–88.
Mackenzie, Mordach. “Extracts of Several Letters of Mordach Mackenzie, M.D. Concerning the Plague at Constantinople.” Philosophical Transactions (1683–1775) 47 (1751–52): 38495.
MacLean, Gerald M. The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the Ottoman Empire, 1580–1720. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Magdalino, Paul. “The History of the Future and Its Uses: Prophecy, Policy and Propaganda.” In The Making of Byzantine History: Studies Dedicated to Donald M. Nicol on His Seventieth Birthday, edited by Beaton, Roderick and Roueché, Charlotte, 334. Aldershot, UK: Variorum, 1993.
Magdalino, Paul. “The Maritime Neighborhoods of Constantinople: Commercial and Residential Functions, Sixth to Twelfth Centuries.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54 (2000): 209–26.
Malkinson, Mertyn, Banet, Caroline, Weisman, Yoram, Pokamunski, Shimon, King, Roni, Marie-Thérèse Drouet, and Vincent Deubel. “Introduction of West Nile Virus in the Middle East by Migrating White Storks.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 8, no. 4 (2002): 392–97.
Malkinson, Mertyn, Banet, C., Weisman, Y, Pokamonski, S, King, R, and Deubel, V. “Intercontinental Transmission of West Nile Virus by Migrating White Storks.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 7, no. 3(Suppl.) (2001): 540.
Manolova-Nikolova, Nadja I. Čumavite vremena: (1700–1850). Sofia: IF-94, 2004.
Mantran, Robert. Istanbul au siècle de Soliman le Magnifique. Paris: Hachette, 1994.
Marien, Gisele. “The Black Death in Early Ottoman Territories: 1347–1550.” MA thesis, Bilkent University, 2009.
Marshall, John. John Locke, Toleration and Early Enlightenment Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Marushiakova, Elena, and Popov, Vesselin. Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire: A Contribution to the History of the Balkans. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press, 2001.
Masters, Bruce. “Hajj.” In Ágoston and Masters, ed., Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, 246–48.
Matar, Nabil. Turks, Moors, and Englishmen in the Age of Discovery. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
Matschke, Klaus-Peter. “Research Problems Concerning the Transition to Tourkokratia: The Byzantinist Standpoint.” In The Ottomans and the Balkans: A Discussion of Historiography, edited by Adanır, Fikret and Faroqhi, Suraiya, 79113. Leiden: Brill, 2002.
May, Jacques M. “Map of the World Distribution of Plague.” Geographical Review 42, no. 4 (1952): 628–30.
Mazak, Mehmet. Orijinal Belge ve Fotoğraflar Işığında Osmanlı’da Sokak ve Çevre Temizliği. Istanbul: İSTAÇ, 2001.
McCormick, Michael. “Rats, Communications, and Plague: Toward an Ecological History.” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 34, no. 1 (2003): 125.
McNeill, J. R.The Eccentricity of the Middle East and North Africa's Environmental History.” In Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa, edited by Mikhail, Alan, 2750. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
McNeill, William. Plagues and Peoples. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1976.
Yazıcıoğlu, Mehmed. Muhammediye. Edited by Çelebioğlu, Amil. Istanbul: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı, 1996.
Mengel, David C.A Plague on Bohemia? Mapping the Black Death.” Past and Present 211, no. 1 (2011): 334.
Meriç, Rıfkı Melûl. “Şeyyad Hamza'nın Kızına Ait Mezartaşı.” Taşpınar Mecmuası 28 (1935): 6063.
Meserve, Ruth I. “Striped Hyenas and ‘Were-Hyenas’ in Central Eurasia.” In Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, edited by Allsen, T. T., Golden, P. B., Kovalev, R. K., and Martinez, A. P., 199220. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2012.
Mikhail, Alan. “An Irrigated Empire: The View from Ottoman Fayyum.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 569–90.
Mikhail, Alan. Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Mikhail, Alan. “The Nature of Plague in Late Eighteenth-Century Egypt.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 82, no. 2 (2008): 249–75.
Mikhail, Alan, ed. Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Miller, T. S.The Plague in John VI Cantacuzenus and Thucydides.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 17, no. 4 (1976): 385–95.
Miller, William. “The Historians Doukas and Phrantzes.” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 46, no. 1 (1926): 6371.
Miller, William. Trebizond, the Last Greek Empire. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1968.
Millingen, Alexander van, Traquair, Ramsay, George, Walter S., Henderson, Arthur E.. Byzantine Churches in Constantinople: Their History and Architecture. London: Macmillan, 1912.
Milwright, Marcus. “The Balsam of Matariyya: An Exploration of a Medieval Panacea.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 66, no. 2 (2003): 193209.
Misonne, Xavier. “Mammifères de la Turquie sud-orientale et du nord de la Syrie.” Mammalia 21, no. 1 (1957): 5368.
Mitler, Louis. “The Genoese in Galata: 1453–1682.” IJMES 10, no. 1 (1979): 7191.
Mordtmann, J. H. “Isfendiyār Oghlu.” EI2.
Morelli, Giovanna, Song, Yajun, Mazzoni, Camila J, Eppinger, Mark, Roumagnac, Philippe, Wagner, David M., Feldkamp, Mirjam et al.Yersinia pestis Genome Sequencing Identifies Patterns of Global Phylogenetic Diversity.” Nature Genetics 42, no. 12 (2010): 1140–43.
Morris, Christopher. “The Plague in Britain.” The Historical Journal 14, no. 1 (1971): 205–15.
Necipoglu, Gülru. Architecture, Ceremonial, and Power: The Topkapi Palace in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries. New York: Architectural History Foundation, 1991.
Necipoglu, Gülru. “A Kânûn for the State, a Canon for the Arts: Conceptualizing the Classical Synthesis of Ottoman Art and Architecture.” In Soliman le magnifique et son temps, edited by Veinstein, Gilles, 195216. Paris: La Documentation française, 1992.
Necipoglu, Gülru. “Süleyman the Magnificent and the Representation of Power in the Context of Ottoman-Hapsburg-Papal Rivalry.” The Art Bulletin 71, no. 3 (1989): 401–27.
Necipoğlu, Nevra. Byzantium between the Ottomans and the Latins: Politics and Society in the Late Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Necipoğlu, Nevra. “Circulation of People between the Byzantine and Ottoman Courts.” In The Byzantine Court: Source of Power and Culture; Papers from the Second International Sevgi Gönül Byzantine Studies Symposium, Istanbul 21–23 June 2010, edited by Ödekan, Ayla, Akyürek, Engin, and Necipoğlu, Nevra, 105108. Istanbul: Koç University Press, 2013.
Nehama, Joseph. Histoire des Israélites de Salonique. Thessaloniki: Librairie Molho, 1935.
Nehama, Joseph. Salonique: La ville convoitée. Tarascon, France: Cousins de Salonique, 2004.
Neuhäuser, Gabriele. Die Muriden von Kleinasien. Lucka (Bez. Leipzig): Druck von Reinhold Berger, 1936.
Neustadt [Ayalon], David. “The Plague and Its Effects upon the Mamluk Army.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 66 (1946): 67–73.
Nguyen-Hieu, Tung, Aboudharam, Gérard, Signoli, Michel, Rigeade, Catherine, Drancourt, Michel, and Raoult, Didier. “Evidence of a Louse-Borne Outbreak Involving Typhus in Douai, 1710–1712 during the War of Spanish Succession.” PLoS ONE 5, no. 10 (2010): e15405.
Norris, J.East or West? The Geographic Origin of the Black Death.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 51, no. 1 (1977): 1–24.
Norris, J.. “Response.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 52, no. 1 (1978): 114–20.
Nutku, Özdemir. “Nahil,” TDVİA.
Nutton, Vivian, ed. Pestilential Complexities: Understanding Medieval Plague. Medical History 27. London: Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL, 2008.
Nutton, Vivian. “The Reception of Fracastoro's Theory of Contagion: The Seed That Fell among Thorns?Osiris 6 (1990): 196234.
Nutton, Vivian. “The Seeds of Disease: An Explanation of Contagion and Infection from the Greeks to the Renaissance.” Medical History 27, no. 1 (1983): 134.
Ocak, Ahmet Yaşar. Kültür Tarihi Kaynağı Olarak Menâkıbnâmeler: Metodolojik Bir Yaklaşım. Ankara: TTK Basımevi, 1992.
Oral, Zeki M. “Durağan ve Bafra'da İki Türbe.” Belleten 20, no. 79 (1956): 385–410.
Orhonlu, Cengiz. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nda Aşiretlerin İskânı. Istanbul: Eren, 1987.
Özaydın, Zuhal, and Hâtemî, H. Hüsrev. Türk Tıp Tarihi Araştırmalarının Son 30 Yılda (1970–2002) Yönelişleri ve Bir Bibliografya Denemesi. Istanbul: Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi Vakfı, 2002.
Öztürk, Said, ed. Afetlerin Gölgesinde İstanbul: Tarih Boyunca İstanbul ve Çevresini Etkileyen Afetler. Istanbul: İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi, 2009.
Panagiotakopulu, Eva. “Pharaonic Egypt and the Origins of Plague.” Journal of Biogeography 31, no. 2 (2004): 269–75.
Panzac, Daniel. “Alexandrie: peste et croissance urbaine (XVIIe-XIXe siècles).” Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 46, no. 1 (1987): 8190.
Panzac, Daniel. La peste dans l'empire ottoman, 1700–1850. Leuven: Éditions Peeters, 1985.
Panzac, Daniel. “La peste à Smyrne au XVIIIe siècle.” Annales: Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations 28, no. 4 (1973): 1071–93.
Panzac, Daniel. “La population de l'empire ottoman et de ses marges du XVe au XIXe siècle: Bibliographie (1941–1980) et bilan provisoire.Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 31, no. 1 (1981): 119–37.
Panzac, Daniel. “Mourir à Alep au XVIIIe siècle.” Revue du monde musulman et de la Méditerranée 62, no. 1 (1991): 111–22.
Panzac, Daniel. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nda Veba: 1700–1850. Translated by Yılmaz, Serap. Istanbul: Türkiye Ekonomik Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, 1997.
Panzac, Daniel. “Plague.” In Ágoston and Masters, ed., Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, 462–63.
Panzac, Daniel. “Population.” In Ágoston and Masters, ed., Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, 467–69.
Panzac, Daniel. Quarantaines et lazarets: l'Europe et la peste d'Orient, XVIIe – XXe siècles. Aix-en-Provence: Édisud, 1986.
Panzac, Daniel. “Wabāʾ.” EI2.
Parkhill, J., Wren, B. W., Thomson, N. R., Titball, R. W., Holden, M. T. G., Prentice, M. B., Sebaihia, M. et al.Genome Sequence of Yersinia pestis, the Causative Agent of Plague.” Nature 413, no. 6855 (2001): 523–27.
Parmenter, R. R., Yadav, E. P., Parmenter, C. A., Ettestad, P., and Gage, K. L.. “Incidence of Plague Associated with Increased Winter-Spring Precipitation in New Mexico.” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 61, no. 5 (1999): 814–21.
Pawlowski, David R., Metzger, Daniel J, Raslawsky, Amy, Howlett, Amy, Siebert, Gretchen, Karalus, Richard J, Garrett, Stephanie, and Whitehouse, Chris A. “Entry of Yersinia pestis into the Viable but Nonculturable State in a Low-Temperature Tap Water Microcosm.” PLoS ONE 6, no. 3 (2011): e17585.
Perho, Irmeli. The Prophet's Medicine: A Creation of the Muslim Traditionalist Scholars. Helsinki: Finnish Oriental Society, 1995.
Piarroux, Renaud, Abedi, Aaron Aruna, Shako, Jean-Christophe, Kebela, Benoit, Karhemere, Stomy, Diatta, Georges, Davoust, Bernard, Raoult, Didier, and Drancourt, Michel. “Plague Epidemics and Lice, Democratic Republic of the Congo.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 19, no. 3 (2013): 505–6.
Pitcher, Donald Edgar. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nun Tarihsel Coğrafyası. Translated by Tırnakcı, Bahar. Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2001.
de Planhol, Xavier. “Le boeuf porteur dans le Proche-Orient et l'Afrique du Nord.” JESHO 12, no. 3 (1969): 298321.
Pobst, Phyllis. “Should We Teach That the Cause of the Black Death Was Bubonic Plague?History Compass 11, no. 10 (2013): 808–20.
Porter, Roy. The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present. London: HarperCollins, 1997.
Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992.
Prinzing, Friedrich. Epidemics Resulting from Wars. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916.
Rahimi, Babak. “Nahils, Circumcision Rituals and the Theatre State.” In Ottoman Tulips, Ottoman Coffee: Leisure and Lifestyle in the Eighteenth Century, edited by Sajdi, Dana, 90116. London: Tauris Academic Studies, 2007.
Raoult, Didier, Dutour, Olivier, Houhamdi, Linda, Jankauskas, Rimantas, Fournier, Pierre-Edouard, Ardagna, Yann, Drancourt, Michel et al.Evidence for Louse-Transmitted Diseases in Soldiers of Napoleon's Grand Army in Vilnius.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 193, no. 1 (2006): 112–20.
Raoult, Didier, Mouffok, Nadjet, Bitam, Idir, Piarroux, Renaud, and Drancourt, Michel. “Plague: History and Contemporary Analysis.” Journal of Infection 66, no. 1 (2013): 1826.
Redhouse, Sir James W. A Turkish and English Lexicon. Beirut: Librarie du Liban, 1880.
Robarts, Andrew. “A Plague on Both Houses? Population Movements and the Spread of Disease across the Ottoman-Russian Black Sea Frontier, 1768–1830s.” PhD diss., Georgetown University, 2010.
Rosen, William. Justinian's Flea: Plague, Empire, and the Birth of Europe. New York: Viking, 2007.
Royer, Katherine. “The Blind Men and the Elephant: Imperial Medicine, Medieval Historians, and the Role of Rats in the Historiography of Plague.” In Medicine and Colonialism: Historical Perspectives in India and South Africa, edited by Bala, Poonam, 99110. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2014.
Rozen, Minna. A History of the Jewish Community in Istanbul: The Formative Years, 1453–1566. Leiden: Brill, 2002.
Ruffino, Lise, and Vidal, Eric. “Early Colonization of Mediterranean Islands by Rattus rattus: A Review of Zooarcheological Data.” Biological Invasions 12, no. 8 (2010): 2389–94.
Saeed, Abdulaziz A. Bin, Al-Hamdan, Nasser A, and Fontaine, Robert E. “Plague from Eating Raw Camel Liver.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 11, no. 9 (2005): 1456–57.
Şahin, Kaya. “Constantinople and the End Time: The Ottoman Conquest as a Portent of the Last Hour.” Journal of Early Modern History 14, no. 4 (2010): 317–54.
Şahin, Kaya. Empire and Power in the Reign of Süleyman: Narrating the Sixteenth-Century Ottoman World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Sajdi, Dana. “Decline, Its Discontents and Ottoman Cultural History: By Way of Introduction.” In Ottoman Tulips, Ottoman Coffee: Leisure and Lifestyle in the Eighteenth Century, edited by Sajdi, Dana, 140. London: Tauris Academic Studies, 2007.
Sakaoğlu, Necdet. “Osmanlı’da Salgınlar.” Toplumsal Tarih 22 (1995): 2325.
Sallares, Robert. “Ecology, Evolution, and Epidemiology of Plague.” In Plague and the End of Antiquity: The Pandemic of 541–750, edited by Little, Lester K, 231–89. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Sarı, Nil. “Osmanlı Hekimliğinde Tıp Ahlâkı.” In Osmanlılarda Sağlık, edited by Yılmaz, Coşkun and Yılmaz, Necdet, 207–35. Istanbul: Biofarma, 2006.
Sarı, Nil (Akdeniz). Osmanlılarda Hekimlik ve Hekimlik Ahlakı. Istanbul, 1977.
Sarıyıldız, Gülden. Hicaz Karantina Teşkilatı (1865–1914). Ankara: TTK, 1996.
Sarıyıldız, Gülden. “Karantina Meclisi'nin Kuruluşu ve Faaliyetleri.” Belleten 58, no. 222 (1994): 329–76.
Sarıyıldız, Gülden. “Karantina Teşkilatının Kuruluşu ve Faaliyetleri (1838–1876).” MA thesis, Istanbul University, 1986.
Savinetsky, A. B., and Krylovich, O. A.. “On the History of the Spread of the Black Rat (Rattus rattus L., 1758) in Northwestern Russia.” Biology Bulletin 38, no. 2 (2011): 203–7.
Schamiloglu, Uli. “Preliminary Remarks on the Role of Disease in the History of the Golden Horde.” Central Asian Survey 12, no. 4 (1993): 447–57.
Schamiloglu, Uli. “The Rise of the Ottoman Empire: The Black Death in Medieval Anatolia and Its Impact on Turkish Civilization.” In Views from the Edge: Essays in Honor of Richard W. Bulliet, edited by Yavari, Neguin, Potter, Lawrence G, and Oppenheim, Jean-Marc Ran, 255–79. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
Schmidt, Jan. Pure Water for Thirsty Muslims: A Study of Mustafā Âli of Gallipoli's Künhü’l-ahbar. Leiden: Het Oosters Instituut, 1991.
Schreiber, Werner. Infectio: Infectious Diseases in the History of Medicine. Basel: Roche, 1987.
Scott, James C. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.
Scott, Susan, and Duncan, Christopher J. Biology of Plagues: Evidence from Historical Populations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Scott, Susan, and Duncan, Christopher J. Return of the Black Death: The World's Greatest Serial Killer. Chichester, UK: John Wiley, 2004.
Sebbane, Florent, Jarrett, Clayton O, Gardner, Donald, Long, Daniel, and Hinnebusch, B. Joseph. “Role of the Yersinia pestis Plasminogen Activator in the Incidence of Distinct Septicemic and Bubonic Forms of Flea-Borne Plague.” PNAS 103, no. 14 (2006): 5526–30.
Şehsuvaroğlu, Bedi. “Karantina Tarihi.” PhD diss., Istanbul University, 1956.
Seng, Yvonne J. “The Üsküdar Estates (Tereke) as Records of Everyday Life in an Ottoman Town, 1521–1524.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1991.
Shakow, Aaron. “Marks of Contagion: The Plague, the Bourse, the Word and the Law in the Early Modern Mediterranean, 1720–1762.” PhD diss., Harvard University, 2009.
Shakow, Aaron. “‘Oriental Plague’ in the Middle Eastern Landscape: A Cautionary Tale.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 660–62.
Shay, M. L. The Ottoman Empire from 1720 to 1734 as Revealed in Despatches of the Venetian Baili. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1944.
Shefer-Mossensohn, Miri. “Communicable Disease in Ottoman Palestine: Local Thoughts and Actions.” Korot 21 (2012): 1949.
Shefer-Mossensohn, Miri. “Health as a Social Agent in Ottoman Patronage and Authority.” New Perspectives on Turkey 37 (2007): 147–75.
Shefer-Mossensohn, Miri. Ottoman Medicine: Healing and Medical Institutions, 1500–1700. Albany: State Univeristy of New York Press, 2009.
Shefer-Mossensohn, Miri. “A Tale of Two Discourses: The Historiography of Ottoman-Muslim Medicine.” Social History of Medicine 21, no. 1 (2008): 112.
Shrewsbury, John Findlay Drew. A History of Bubonic Plague in the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
Simond, Paul-Louis. “La propagation de la peste.” Annales de l'Institut Pasteur 12, no. 10 (1898): 625–87.
Simond, M., Godley, M. L., and Mouriquand, P. D.. “Paul-Louis Simond and His Discovery of Plague Transmission by Rat Fleas: A Centenary.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 91, no. 2 (1998): 101–4.
Singer, Amy. “Ottoman Palestine (1516–1800): Health, Disease, and Historical Sources.” In Health and Disease in the Holy Land: Studies in the History and Sociology of Medicine from Ancient Times to the Present, edited by Waserman, Manfred J and Kottek, Samuel S, 189206. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1996.
Skinner, Bruce. “Plague and the Geographical Distribution of Rats.” The British Medical Journal 1, no. 2314 (May 6, 1905): 994–95.
Slack, Paul. The Impact of Plague in Tudor and Stuart England. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985.
Slack, Paul. Introduction to Epidemics and Ideas: Essays on the Historical Perception of Pestilence, edited by Slack, Paul and Ranger, Terence, 120. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Slack, Paul. Plague: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Solak, İbrabim. “Anadolu'da Nüfus Hareketleri ve Osmanlı Devleti'nin İskan Politikası.” Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları 127 (2000): 157–92.
Soliman, S., Main, A. J., Marzouk, A. S., and Montasser, A. A.. “Seasonal Studies on Commensal Rats and Their Ectoparasites in a Rural Area of Egypt: The Relationship of Ectoparasites to the Species, Locality, and Relative Abundance of the Host.” Journal of Parasitology 87, no. 3 (2001): 545–53.
Soucek, Svat. “Rodos.” EI2.
Stathakopoulos, Dionysios C. “Crime and Punishment: The Plague in the Byzantine Empire, 541–749.” In Plague and the End of Antiquity: The Pandemic of 541–750, edited by Little, Lester K., 99118. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Stathakopoulos, Dionysios C. Famine and Pestilence in the Late Roman and Early Byzantine Empire: A Systematic Survey of Subsistence Crises and Epidemics. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004.
Stearns, Justin K. Infectious Ideas: Contagion in Premodern Islamic and Christian Thought in the Western Mediterranean. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.
Stearns, Justin K. “New Directions in the Study of Religious Responses to the Black Death.” History Compass 7, no. 5 (2009): 1363–75.
Stenseth, Nils Chr, Atshabar, Bakyt B, Begon, Mike, Belmain, Steven R, Bertherat, Eric, Carniel, Elisabeth, Gage, Kenneth L, Leirs, Herwig, and Rahalison, Lila. “Plague: Past, Present, and Future.” PLoS Medicine 5, no. 1 (2008): e3.
Sticker, Georg. Abhandlungen aus der Seuchengeschichte und Seuchenlehre. 2 vols. Giessen: Töpelmann, 1908–12.
Stoianovich, Traian. “Pour un modèle du commerce du Levant: economie concurrentielle et economie de bazar 1500–1800.” In Istanbul à la jonction des cultures balkaniques, méditerranéennes, slaves et orientales, aux XVIe-XIXe siècles. Bucharest: Association internationale d’études du Sud-Est européen, 1977.
Sublet, Jacqueline. “La peste prise aux rêts de la jurisprudence: le traité d'Ibn Ḥaǧar al-ʿAsqalānī sur la peste.” Studia Islamica, no. 33 (1971): 141–49.
“Su,” Dünden Bugüne İstanbul Ansiklopedisi, 7:4749.
Sussman, George D. “Was the Black Death in India and China?Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85, no. 3 (2011): 319–55.
Tabak, Faruk. The Waning of the Mediterranean, 1550–1870: A Geohistorical Approach. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
Tavukçu, Orhan. “Şeyyâd Hamza'nın Bilinmeyen Bir Şiiri Münasebetiyle.” International Journal of Central Asian Studies 10, no. 1 (2005): 181–95.
Tenenti, Alberto. Piracy and the Decline of Venice, 1580–1615. Translated by Janet and Brian Pullan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.
Theilmann, John, and Cate, Frances. “A Plague of Plagues: The Problem of Plague Diagnosis in Medieval England.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 37, no. 3 (2007): 371–93.
Thorndike, Lynn. “The Blight of Pestilence on Early Modern Civilization.” The American Historical Review 32, no. 3 (1927): 455–74.
Tran, Thi-Nguyen-Ny, Forestier, Cyrille Le, Drancourt, Michel, Raoult, Didier, and Aboudharam, Gérard. “Brief Communication: Co-Detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an 11th–15th Burial Site in Bondy, France.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 145, no. 3 (2011): 489–94.
Traub, Robert. “The Fleas of Egypt: Two New Fleas of the Genus Nosopsyllus Jordan, 1933.Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 65, no. 2 (1963): 8197.
Traweger, Doris, Travnitzky, Rita, Moser, Cornelia, Walzer, Christian, and Bernatzky, Guenther. “Habitat Preferences and Distribution of the Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus Berk.) in the City of Salzburg (Austria): Implications for an Urban Rat Management.” Journal of Pest Science 79, no. 3 (2006): 113–25.
Tsiamis, Costas, Poulakou-Rebelakou, Effie, and Marketos, Spyros. “Earthquakes and Plague during Byzantine Times: Can Lessons from the Past Improve Epidemic Preparedness?Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica 11, no. 1 (2013): 5564.
Tsiamis, Costas, Poulakou-Rebelakou, Effie, Tsakris, Athanassios, and Petridou, Eleni. “Epidemic Waves of the Black Death in the Byzantine Empire (1347–1453 ad).Le Infezioni in Medicina: Rivista Periodica Di Eziologia, Epidemiologia, Diagnostica, Clinica E Terapia Delle Patologie Infettive 19, no. 3 (2011): 194201.
Turan, Ebru. “The Marriage of İbrahim Pasha (ca. 1495–1536).” Turcica 41 (2009): 336.
Turna, Nalan. “İstanbul'un Veba ile İmtihanı: 1811–1812 Veba Salgını Bağlamında Toplum ve Ekonomi.” Studies of the Ottoman Domain 1, no. 1 (2011): 2358.
Twigg, Graham. The Black Death: A Biological Reappraisal. London: Batsford Academic and Educational, 1984.
Üçel-Aybet, Gülgün. Avrupalı Seyyahların Gözünden: Osmanlı Dünyası ve İnsanları 1530–1699. Istanbul: İletişim, 2003.
Uluçay, Çağatay. “Yavuz Sultan Selim Nasıl Padişah Oldu?Tarih Dergisi 7, no. 10 (1954): 117–42.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Buğdan Voyvodası Oğlunun Vebadan Ölümü.” Türk Tıp Tarihi Arkivi 12 (1939): 147–50.
Ünver, Süheyl. “İstanbul Halkının Ölüm Karşısındaki Duyguları.” Yeni Türk 68 (1938): 312–21.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Les épidemies de choléra dans les terres balkaniques aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles.” Études Balkaniques (Sofia) 4 (1973): 8997.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Mezar Taşlarında Veba ve Tauna Ait Kayıtlar.” Dirim 11–12 (1965): 268–72.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Romanya Tıb Tarihine Ait Bir Vesika.” Türk Tıp Tarihi Arkivi 9 (1938): 2527.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Taun Nedir? Veba Nedir?Dirim 3–4 (1978): 363–66.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Türkiyede Veba (Taun) Tarihçesi Üzerine.” Tedavi Kliniği ve Laboratuvarı Mecmuası 5 (1935): 7088.
Ünver, Süheyl. “Türk Tıb Tarihinde Veba Hastalığına Karşı Kına Tatbiki.” Türk Tıp Tarihi Arkivi 7 (1938): 8285.
Uzunçarşılı, İsmail Hakkı. Osmanlı Devletinin Saray Teşkilâtı. Ankara: TTK, 1988.
van den Bossche, Willem, Berthold, Peter, Kaatz, Michael, Nowak, Eugeniusz, and Querner, Ulrich. Eastern European White Stork Populations: Migration Studies and Elaboration of Conservation Measures. Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN)/German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, 2002.
van Ess, Josef Der Fehltritt des Gelehrten: Die ‘‘Pest von Emmaus’’ und ihre theologischen Nachspiele. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter, 2001.
Varlık, Nükhet. “Attitudes toward Plague Epidemics in Ottoman Society of the Nineteenth Century.” Proceedings of the 37th International Congress on the History of Medicine, edited by Burns, Chester R et al., 359–64. Galveston: University of Texas Medical Branch, Institute for the Medical Humanities, 2002.
Varlık, Nükhet. “Conquest, Urbanization, and Plague Networks in the Ottoman Empire, 1453–1600.” In The Ottoman World, edited by Woodhead, Christine, 251–63. London: Routledge, 2012.
Varlık, Nükhet. “Disease and Empire: A History of Plague Epidemics in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (1453–1600).” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008.
Varlık, Nükhet. “From ‘Bête Noire’ to ‘le Mal de Constantinople’: Plagues, Medicine, and the Early Modern Ottoman State.” Journal of World History 24, no. 4 (2013): 741–70.
Varlık, Nükhet. “New Science and Old Sources: Why the Ottoman Experience of Plague Matters.” The Medieval Globe 1 (2014): 193227.
Varlık, Nükhet. “Plague, Conflict, and Negotiation: The Jewish Broadcloth Weavers of Salonica and the Ottoman Central Administration in the Late Sixteenth Century.” Jewish History 28, nos. 3–4 (2014): 261–88.
Varlık, Nükhet. “The Study of a Plague Treatise: Tevfikatü’l-Hamidiyye fi Defʿi'l-Emrazi'l-Vebaʾiyye.” MA thesis, Boğaziçi University, 2000.
Varlık, Nükhet. “Tâun.” In TDVİA.
Vatin, Nicolas. “La conquête de Rhodes.” In Soliman le magnifique et son temps, edited by Veinstein, Gilles, 435–54. Paris: La Documentation française, 1992.
Vatin, Nicolas, and Yerasimos, Stefanos. Les cimetières dans la ville: statut, choix et organisation des lieux d'inhumation dans Istanbul intra muros. Istanbul: Institut français d’études anatoliennes Georges Dumézil, 2001.
Veinstein, Gilles. “Süleyman.” EI2.
Vernin, Colette Establet. “Daniel Panzac (1933–2012).” Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, no. 134 (2013): 307–14.
Villard, Pierre. “Constantinople et la peste (1467). (Critoboulos, V, 17).” In Histoire et société/La mémoire, l’écriture et l'histoire, edited by Duby, Georges, 143–50. Aix-en-Provence: Université de Provence, 1992.
von Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph. Histoire de l'empire ottoman depuis son origine jusqu’à nos jours. Paris: Bellizard, Barthès, Dufour, et Lowell, 1835–43.
Vogler, Amy J., Chan, Fabien, Wagner, David M, Roumagnac, Philippe, Lee, Judy, Nera, Roxanne, Eppinger, Mark et al.Phylogeography and Molecular Epidemiology of Yersinia pestis in Madagascar.” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 5, no. 9 (2011): e1319.
Watts, Sheldon J. Epidemics and History: Disease, Power, and Imperialism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997.
Webb, Nigel, and Webb, Caroline. The Earl and His Butler in Constantinople: The Secret Diary of an English Servant among the Ottomans. London: I. B. Tauris, 2009.
White, Hayden. “The Value of Narrativity in the Representation of Reality.” Critical Inquiry 7, no. 1 (1980): 527.
White, Sam. The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
White, Sam. “The Little Ice Age Crisis of the Ottoman Empire: A Conjuncture in Middle East Environmental History.” In Water on Sand, ed. Alan Mikhail, 7190.
White, Sam. “Rethinking Disease in Ottoman History.” IJMES 42, no. 4 (2010): 549–67.
Wing, Patrick. “The Jalayirids and Dynastic State Formation in the Mongol Ilkhanate.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2007.
Wing, Patrick. “‘Rich in Goods and Abounding in Wealth:’ The Ilkhanid and post-Ilkhanid Ruling Elite and the Politics of Commercial Life at Tabriz, 1250–1400.” In Politics, Patronage and the Transmission of Knowledge in 13th–15th Century Tabriz, edited by Pfeiffer, Judith, 301–20. Leiden: Brill, 2014.
World Health Organization (WHO). Plague Manual: Epidemiology, Distribution, Surveillance and Control. WHO/CDS/CSR/EDC/99.2. Geneva: WHO, 1999.
Wunder, Amanda. “Western Travelers, Eastern Atiquities, and the Image of the Turk in Early Modern Europe.” Journal of Early Modern History 7, nos. 1–2 (2003): 89119.
Xoplaki, Eleni, Maheras, Panagiotis, and Luterbacher, Juerg. “Variability of Climate in Meridional Balkans during the Periods 1675–1715 and 1780–1830 and Its Impact on Human Life.” Climatic Change 48, no. 4 (2001): 581615.
Yerasimos, Stefanos. “Alberti, Tommaso.” Dünden Bugüne İstanbul Ansiklopedisi, 1:181.
Yerasimos, Stefanos. Kostantiniye ve Ayasofya Efsaneleri. Translated by Tekeli, Şirin. Istanbul: İletişim, 1993.
Yerasimos, Stefanos. “La Communauté juive d'Istanbul à la fin du XVIe siècle.” Turcica 27 (1995): 327–28.
Yerasimos, Stefanos. La fondation de Constantinople et de Sainte-Sophie dans les traditions turques: légendes d'empire. Istanbul: Institut français d’études anatoliennes; Librairie d'Amérique et d'Orient J. Maisonneuve, 1990.
Yerasimos, Stefanos. Les voyageurs dans l'empire ottoman, XIVe-XVIe siècles: bibliographie, itinéraires et inventaire des lieux habités. Ankara: TTK, 1991.
Yersin, Alexandre. “La peste bubonique à Hong-Kong.” Annales de l'Institut Pasteur 8 (1894): 662–67.
Yi, Eunjeong. Guild Dynamics in Seventeenth-Century Istanbul: Fluidity and Leverage. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
Yiğit, N., and Çolak, E. “Contribution to the Geographic Distribution of Rodent Species and Ecological Analyses of Their Habitats in Asiatic Turkey.” Turkish Journal of Biology 22 (1998): 435–46.
Yiğit, N., Çolak, E., Sözen, M., and Özkurt, Ş. “A Study on the Geographic Distribution along with Habitat Aspects of Rodent Species in Turkey.” Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 50, no. 4 (2003): 355–68.
Yıldırım, Nuran. A History of Healthcare in Istanbul: Health Organizations, Epidemics, Infections and Disease Control, Preventive Health Institutions, Hospitals, Medical Education. Istanbul: Istanbul University, 2010.
Yıldırım, Nuran. “Salgınlar.” Dünden Bugüne İstanbul Ansiklopedisi, 6:423–25.
Yıldız, Netice. “Ottoman Decorative Arts in Cyprus.” In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of Turkish Art, Utrecht, the Netherlands, August 23–28, 1999, edited by Kiel, Machiel, Landman, Nico, and Theunissen, Hans, 125. Utrecht: Universiteit Utrect, 2001.
Yılmaz, Coşkun, and Yılmaz, Necdet, eds. Osmanlılarda Sağlık. 2 vols. Istanbul: Biofarma, 2006.
Yücel, Yaşar. Çoban-oğulları Candar-oğulları Beylikleri: XIII–XV. Yüzyıllar Kuzey-Batı Anadolu Tarihi. Ankara: TTK, 1980.
Yüksel, Emrullah. “Birgivî.” TDVİA.
Zachariadou, Elizabeth A. “The Emirate of Karasi and That of the Ottomans: Two Rival States.” In The Ottoman Emirate (1300–1389): Halcyon Days in Crete 1: A Symposium Held in Rethymnon 11–13 January 1991, edited by Zachariadou, Elizabeth A., 225–36. Rethymnon: Crete University Press, 1993.
Zachariadou, Elizabeth A. “Manuel II Palaeologos on the Strife between Bāyezīd I and Ḳāḍī Burhān Al-Dīn Aḥmad.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 43, no. 3 (1980): 471–81.
Zachariadou, Elizabeth A. “Notes sur la population de l'Asie mineure turque au XIVe siècle.” Byzantinische Forschungen: Internationale Zeitschrift für Byzantinistik 12 (1987): 221–31.
Zachariadou, Elizabeth A, ed. The Via Egnatia under Ottoman Rule (1380–1699). Rethymnon: Crete University Press, 1996.
Zarinebaf, Fariba. Crime and Punishment in Istanbul: 1700–1800. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.
Ze'evi, Dror. Producing Desire: Changing Sexual Discourse in the Ottoman Middle East, 1500–1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
Zinsser, Hans. Rats, Lice, and History. Boston: Little, Brown, 1935.
Zlatar, Zdenko. Dubrovnik's Merchants and Capital in the Ottoman Empire (1520–1620): A Quantitative Study. Istanbul: Isis Press, 2011.