Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: October 2014


  • Vincent Sherry, Washington University, St Louis
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • pp 289-318
Pound, Ezra writes the editorial as “Ferrex on Petulance,” The Egoist, 1 January 1914, 9
Symons, Arthur, “The Decadent Movement in Literature,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, November 1893, 858–67
Symons, Arthur, The Symbolist Movement in Literature (1899; rpt. London: Archibald Constable & Co., Ltd., 1908), 6
Yeats, makes in Autobiographies (London: Macmillan, 1961), 193
Quennell, Peter’s Baudelaire and the Symbolists in the Criterion (January 1930)
Symons, as one of his “gods”: “Two Early Letters of Ezra Pound,”American Literature, 34.1 (1962), 114–19, 118
de Gourmont, Remy, “Souvenirs du Symbolisme: Jean Moréas,” Le Temps, 27 December 1910
de Gourmont, Remy, “Souvenirs du Symbolisme: De Baju à René Ghil,” Le Temps, 24 January 1911
McGuinness, Patrick, “Introduction,” Symbolism, Decadence, and the Fin de Siècle: French and European Perspectives, ed. McGuinness, Patrick (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2000), 1–3
One Hundred and One Poems by Paul Verlaine: A Bilingual Edition, trans. Shapiro, Norman R. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 126–27
Symons, , The Symbolist Movement (1899; 1908), 3
Symons, emphasizes this aspect in Baudelaire in The Symbolist Movement in Literature, rev. ed. (London: Dutton, 1919), 140–42
Benjamin, Walter, The Writer of Modern Life: Essays on Charles Baudelaire, ed. Jennings, Michael W. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006)
Symons, , The Symbolist Movement (1899; 1908), 139
Against Nature, trans. Mauldon, Margaret, ed. White, Nicholas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)
Wilde, Oscar, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890, 1891), Norton Critical Edition, 2d ed., ed. Gillespie, Michael Patrick (New York: Norton, 2007)
PDG, which, besides including both the 1890
Hughes, Glenn, Imagism and the Imagists (London: Oxford University Press, 1931), 6
Kermode, Frank, Romantic Image (1957: rpt. New York: Routledge, 2002), 130
Kenner, Hugh, The Pound Era (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971), 179
Pound, Ezra, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, in Personae: The Shorter Poems, ed. Baechler, Lea and Litz, A. Walton (New York: New Directions, 1990), 188
Eliot, T. S., “Gerontion,” in Collected Poems 1909–1962 (1963; rpt. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1991), 29
North, Michael, Novelty: A History of the New (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013), 162–71
Dabney, Lewis M., Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005), 123
Wilson, , “Symbolism,” Axel’s Castle: A Study in the Imaginative Literature of 1870–1930 (1931; rpt. New York: Scribner’s, 1971), 1–25
de L’Isle-Adam, Auguste Villiers, 24 September 1866 (or 1867), in Selected Letters of Mallarmé, ed. and trans. Lloyd, Rosemary (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988), 50
Spiller, Robert, “The Influence of Edmund Wilson: The Dual Tradition,” The Nation, 22 February 1958, 164
Tate, Allen, “Three Types of Poetry,” The New Republic, 28 March 1934, 181, 182
Matthiessen, F. O., “A Critic of Importance,” Yale Review, June 1931, 856
Leavis, F. R., “Criticism of the Year,” The Bookman, December 1931, 180
Empson, William’s Seven Types of Ambiguity as 1931
Adams, Robert M., “Masks and Delays: Edmund Wilson as Critic,” Sewanee Review, Spring 1948, 273
Lewis, Pericles, “Churchgoing in the Modern Novel,” Modernism/modernity, 11.4 (2004), 669–94
Religious Experience and the Modernist Novel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), esp. 36
Scholes, Robert, “The Epoch of the Small Reviews,” Modernism/modernity, 17.2 (2010), 421–29
Shiach, Morag, “‘To Purify the Dialect of the Tribe’: Modernism and Language Reform,” Modernism/modernity, 14.1 (2007), 21–34
Miller, Andrew John, “‘Compassing Material Ends’: T. S. Eliot, Christian Pluralism, and the Nation State,” ELH, 67.1 (2000), 229–55
Ingelbien, Raphael, “Symbolism at the Periphery: Yeats, Maeterlinck, and Cultural Nationalism,” Comparative Literature Studies, 42.3 (2005), 183–204, 183
Hamilton, Scott’s Ezra Pound and the Symbolist Inheritance (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994)
Pondrom, Cyrena assembles in The Road from Paris: French Influence on English Poetry 1900–1920 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974)
Modernism/modernity, 15.3 (2008)
de Man, Paul, “The Rhetoric of Temporality,” in Blindness and Insight: Essays in the Rhetoric of Contemporary Criticism, 2d ed. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983), 187–228
Benjamin, Walter, Origin of German Tragic Drama, intro. Steiner, George, trans. Osborne, John (London: Verso, 1998), 159–60
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky, Epistemology of the Closet (1990), 2d ed. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008), 165–66
Felski, Rita, The Gender of Modernity (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995), 103
Butterfield, Herbert in The Whig Interpretation of History (1931; rpt. New York: Norton, 1965)
Ardis, Ann, Modernism and Cultural Conflict, 1880–1922 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002)
MacLeod, Kirsten, Fictions of British Decadence: High Art, Popular Writing, and Fin de Siècle (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2006)
Laity, Cassandra, H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle: Gender, Modernism, Decadence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996)
Potolsky, Matthew, The Decadent Republic of Letters: Taste, Politics, and Cosmopolitan Community from Baudelaire to Beardsley (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013)
Lee Edelman, , No Future: Queer Theory and the Death Drive (Durham: Duke University Press, 2004), 1–66
Muñoz, José Esteban, Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity (New York: New York University Press, 2009)
Queer Universes: Sexualities in Science Fiction, ed. Pearson, Wendy Gay, Hollinger, Veronica, Gordon, Joan, (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2008)
Trans/Forming Utopia: The Small Thin Story, vol. 2, ed. Russell, Elizabeth (Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2009)
Love, Heather, Feeling Backward: Loss and the Politics of Queer History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007), 4
Benjamin, Walter, “Theses on the Philosophy of History,” in Illuminations, ed. Arendt, Hannah, trans. Zohn, Harry (New York: Schocken, 1969), 253–64
Love, Backward, 147. Adorno, Theodor, Minima Moralia: Reflections from Damaged Life, trans. Jephcott, E. F. N. (1951; rpt. London: Verso, 1974), 235
Gilman, Richard, Decadence: The Strange Life of an Epithet (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979), 5
Pick, Daniel, Faces of Degeneration: A European Disorder, c.1848–c.1918 (1989; rpt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996)
Bate, Walter Jackson, The Burden of the Past and the English Poet (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970)
Bohrer, Karl Heinz, Suddenness: On the Moment of Aesthetic Appearance, trans. Crowley, Ruth (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994)
Jameson, Fredric, A Singular Modernity (2002; rpt. London: Verso, 2012), 189–93
Williams, Raymond, The Politics of Modernism: Against the New Conformists (London: Verso, 1989), 32
Weir, David’s Decadence and the Making of Modernism (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1995)
Wordsworth, William, Poetical Works, ed. Hutchinson, Thomas, rev. ed. de Selincourt, Ernest (1936; rpt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967), 577
Chandler, James K., Wordsworth’s Second Nature: A Study of the Poetry and Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984), 184–215
De Quincey, Thomas, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater and Other Writings, ed. Lindop, Grevel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 23
Russett, Margaret, De Quincey’s Romanticism: Canonical Minority and the Forms of Transmission (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), 14–91
Shelley, Percy Bysshe, The Major Works, ed. Leader, Zachary and O’Neill, Michael (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 617, ll. 429–31
de Grainville, Jean-Baptiste Cousin’s The Last Man, or Omegarus and Syderia, A Romance in Futurity. (Trans., London, 1806. 2 vols. Facs., New York: Arno Press, 1978)
The Keepsake for MDCCCXXX, ed. Reynolds, Frederic Mansel (London: Hurst, Chance, & Co., 1829)
Shelley, Mary, The Last Man (1826), ed. Paley, Morton (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)
Byron, , Poetical Works, ed. Page, Frederick, rev. ed. Jump, John (1904; 2d ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1970), 237–42
McGann, Jerome, in “Rome and Its Romantic Significance,” in The Beauty of Inflections: Literary Investigations in Historical Method and Theory (Oxford: Clarendon, 1988), 313–33
Barbauld, Anna Laetitia, Eighteen Hundred and Eleven, A Poem (Boston: Bradford and Read, 1812), 26
Nordau, Max, Degeneration, n. trans. (1895; rpt. New York: Appleton, 1905)
Lukács, Georg, The Historical Novel, trans. Hannah, and Mitchell, Stanley (London: Merlin Press, 1962)
Marx, Karl, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, in Karl Marx: Later Political Writings, ed. and trans. Carver, Terrell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 32
Baudelaire, Charles, “The Poem of Hashish,” in Artificial Paradises, trans. Diamond, Stacy (New York: Citadel, 1996), 33
Baudelaire, Charles, “The Artist, Man of the World, Man of the Crowd, and Child,” in The Painter of Modern Life and Other Essays, trans. Mayne, Jonathan (1964; rpt. London: Phaidon Press, 1995), 9
Poe, Edgar Allan, “The Man of the Crowd,” in The Complete Poems and Stories of Edgar Allan Poe, with Selections from His Critical Writings, 2 vols., ed. Quinn, Arthur Hobson and O’Neill, Edward H. (New York: Knopf, 1946)
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, “Kubla Khan,” in The Complete Poetical Works, ed. Coleridge, Ernest Hartley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1912), 297–98
Pater, Walter, “Conclusion,” in Studies in the History of the Renaissance (1873), ed. Beaumont, Matthew (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010)
Bloom, Harold, “Walter Pater: The Intoxication of Belatedness,” Yale French Studies, 50.1 (1974), 163–89
Kracauer, Siegfried, “Photography,” trans. Levin, Thomas Y.. Critical Inquiry, 19.3 (1993), 421–36
“Die Photographie” in the Frankfurter Zeitung, 28 October 1927
The Nineteenth Century (May 1895)
Swinburne, Algernon Charles, “The Triumph of Time,” in Major Poems and Selected Prose, ed. McGann, Jerome and Sligh, Charles L. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), 82
Prins, Yopie, “Swinburne’s Sapphic Sublime” and “P.S. Sappho,” in Victorian Sappho (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998), 112–245
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, “Jenny,” in Collected Poetry and Prose, ed. McGann, Jerome (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003), 67
Mazzeo, Tilar J., Plagiarism and Literary Property in the Romantic Period (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007)
The Poetical Works of Lionel Johnson, ed. Pound, Ezra (London: Elkin Matthews, 1915), xvii
Dowson, , “Villanelle of Sunset,” in Poems of Ernest Dowson, ed. Longaker, Mark (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1962), 44
The Poems of Arthur Symons, vol. I (New York: John Lane, 1909), 28
Symons, , “The Decadent Movement,” Harper’s, November 1893, 862
Symons, , The Symbolist Movement (1899; 1908), 3
Yeats, W. B., “Into the Twilight,” from The Wind Among the Reeds (1899), in Collected Poems of W. B. Yeats, 2d ed. (1950; rpt. London: Macmillan, 1971), 65–66
“The Irish Dramatic Movement” in The Collected Works of W. B. Yeats, vol. III, ed. O’Donnell, William H. and Archibald, Douglas N. (New York: Scribner’s, 1999), 410
Foster, R. F., W. B. Yeats: A Life, vol. I: The Apprentice Mage 1865–1914 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), 138–39
Yeats, , “The Tables of the Law,” in The Secret Rose, Stories by W. B. Yeats: A Variorum Edition, ed. Marcus, Phillip L., Gould, Warwick, and Sidnell, Michael J. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981), 151
Dowling, Linda, Language and Decadence in the Victorian Fin de Siècle (1986; rpt. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989), 46–103
Wilde, Oscar, The Decay of Lying: An Observation (1889), in The Artist as Critic: Critical Writings of Oscar Wilde, ed. Ellmann, Richard (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), 290–320
Yeats, plays with “glamour” most extensively in the prose tale “Kidnappers,” in The Celtic Twilight (1893; rpt. Gerrards Cross, Bucks: Colin Smythe, 1987), 91–96
Yeats, W. B., “The Symbolism of Poetry,” in Yeats, , Essays and Introductions (New York: Macmillan, 1961), 162
Nietzsche, Friedrich, Ecce Homo, in On the Genealogy of Morals and Ecce Homo, trans. Kaufmann, Walter (New York, Vintage, 1967), 223
Nietzsche, ’s position in relation to the condition he labels “decadence” is two-sided. He sees himself at once as its full-time critic and its wholly representative product. As he admits and emphasizes in Twilight of the Idols (1889)
Twilight of the Idols and The Anti-Christ, trans. Hollingdale, R. J. (1968; rpt. London: Penguin, 1990), 44
Nietzsche, Friedrich, The Birth of Tragedy, in The Birth of Tragedy and The Case of Wagner, trans. Kaufmann, Walter (New York: Vintage, 1967), 84
Nietzsche, Friedrich, The Case of Wagner, in The Birth of Tragedy and The Case of Wagner, trans. Kaufmann, Walter (New York: Vintage, 1967), 186
Freud, Sigmund, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, trans. Strachey, James, The International Psychoanalytic Library (New York: Liveright, 1950), 49–50
Derrida, Jacques, The Post Card: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond, trans. Bass, Alan (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987)
Pippin, Robert, Modernism as a Philosophical Problem (1991), 2d ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999)
Arata, Stephen, Fictions of Loss in the Victorian Fin de Siècle (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996)
Hardy, Thomas, Tess of the D’Urbervilles (1891), ed. Gatrell, Simon and Grindle, Juliet (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 140
Hardy, Thomas, Jude the Obscure (1895), ed. Inham, Patricia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 27
Beer, Gillian, “Hardy and Decadence,” in Celebrating Thomas Hardy, ed. Pettit, Charles P. C. (London: Macmillan, 1996), 90
Wells, H. G., The Time Machine, Norton Critical Edition, ed. Arata, Stephen (New York: Norton, 2009), 18
Stoker, Bram, Dracula, Norton Critical Edition, ed. Auerbach, Nina and Skal, David J. (New York: Norton, 1997), 164–65
Picker, John, Victorian Soundscapes (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), 134–37
James, Henry, The Awkward Age (1899, 1909; rpt. New York: Knopf, 1993), 148
Hardy, Thomas, The Pursuit of the Well-Beloved and The Well-Beloved (1892; 1897; London: Penguin, 1997)
Benjamin, Walter, “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” in Illuminations, ed. Arendt, Hannah, trans. Zohn, Harry (New York: Schocken, 1969), 217–51
Schoolfield, George indexes in his helpful Baedeker of Decadence: Charting a Literary Fashion 1884–1927 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003)
James, Henry, The Wings of the Dove (1902; 1909; rpt. New York: Knopf, 1997), 305–306
Nematollahy, Ali, “Anarchist Dandies, Dilettantes, and Aesthetes of the Fin de Siècle,” Nottingham French Studies, 48.1 (2009), 14–30
Forth, Christopher E., “Nietzsche, Decadence, and Regeneration in France, 1891–95,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 54.1 (1993), 97–117
Parkes, Adam, A Sense of Shock: The Impact of Impressionism on Modern British and Irish Writing (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 45
Conrad, Joseph, The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale (1907), ed. Harkness, Bruce, Reid, S. W., and Birk, Nancy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), 11–12
Cooper, Anthony Ashley, “An Essay on the Freedom of Wit and Humour,” Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times (London: John Darby, 1732), 72
Barrows, Adam, The Cosmic Time of Empire: Modern Britain and World Literature (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011)
English, James F., “Anarchy of the Flesh: Conrad’s ‘Counterrevolutionary’ Modernism and the Witz of the Political Unconscious,” Modern Fiction Studies, 38.3 (1992), 615–30
Chesterton, G. K., The Man Who Was Thursday: A Nightmare (1908; rpt. New York: Random House, 2001), 3–5
Jameson, Fredric, “Modernism and Imperialism” (1990), in Jameson, , The Modernist Papers (London: Verso, 2007), 152–69
Balfour, Arthur, Decadence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1908), 6–7
Lucas, John’s essay, “The True Decadence,” Macmillan’s Magazine (June 1902)
Masterman, C. F. G., The Condition of England (London: Methuen, 1909), 79
The Letters of D. H. Lawrence, vol. II (June 1913–October 1916), ed. Zytaruk, George J. and Boulton, James T. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981), 441
Bradshaw, David, ed., Women in Love (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), xxxix–xli
Gilbert, Sandra M. and Gubar, Susan, “Soldier’s Heart: Literary Men, Literary Women, and the Great War,” in No Man’s Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century, vol. 2, Sexchanges (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989), 258–323
Trotter, David, The English Novel in History 1895–1920 (London: Routledge, 1993), 126
The Norton Shakespeare, vol. 2, The Later Plays, ed. Greenblatt, Stephen, et al. (New York: Norton, 2008), 113
“The Novel and the First World War,” in The Oxford History of the English Novel, vol. 4, The Reinvention of the British and Irish Novel 1880–1940, ed. Parrinder, Patrick and Gasiorek, Andrzej (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), 402–16
The Middle Parts of Fortune by “Private 19022” in 1929
Manning, Frederic, Her Privates We, ed. Boyd, William (London: Serpent’s Tail, 1999), 205
Rivers, W. H. R., Instinct and the Unconscious: A Contribution to a Biological Theory of the Psycho-Neuroses (1924) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Archives, 2001)
West, Rebecca, The Return of the Soldier, intro. Hynes, Samuel (1918; rpt. London: Penguin, 1998), 4
Rollyson, Carl, Rebecca West: A Life (New York: Scribner’s, 1996), 50–71
Pound, Ezra, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, in Personae: The Shorter Poems of Ezra Pound, ed. Baechler, Lea and Litz, A. Walton (New York: New Directions, 1990), 186
Healey, Claire recreates this occasion from various sources in “Amy Lowell Visits London,” The New England Quarterly, 46.3 (1973), 442–46
Carr, Helen’s The Verse Revolutionaries: Ezra Pound, H.D., and the Imagists (London: Jonathan Cape, 2009)
Imagisme,” Poetry, March 1913, 199
Middleton, Christopher, “Documents on Imagism from the Papers of F. S. Flint,” The Review, 15 (April 1965), 36–37
Poetry, March 1913, 200–207
Coffman, Jr. Stanley K., “Imagism and Symbolism,” in his Imagism: A Chapter for the History of Modern Poetry (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951), 74–103
Flint, F. S., “Contemporary French Poetry,” Poetry Review, August 1912, 355–414
Jameson, Margaret Storm, “England’s Nest of Singing Birds,” The Egoist, 1 November 1915, 175–76
Hulme, T. E., “A Lecture on Modern Poetry,” in Further Speculations: T. E. Hulme, ed. Hynes, Samuel (1955; rpt. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1961), xvii
Personae: The Shorter Poems of Ezra Pound, ed. Baechler, Lea and Litz, A. Walton (New York: New Directions, 1990), 267–68
Beerbohm, Max, The Works of Max Beerbohm (London: John Lane, The Bodley Head, 1896)
Selected Letters of Ezra Pound, 1907–1941, ed. Paige, D. D. (New York: New Directions, 1950), 11
Poetry, March 1913, 198
Des Imagistes: An Anthology (London: The Poetry Bookshop, 1914; New York: Albert and Charles Boni, 1914), 2
Cadences (London: The Poetry Bookshop, 1915)
Some Imagist Poets, 1916: An Annual Anthology (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916), viii–ix
Imagist Poetry, ed. Jones, Peter (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972), 148
Some Imagist Poets: An Anthology (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1915), 16
Laity, Cassandra, H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle: Gender, Modernism, Decadence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996)
Michaels, Walter Benn, Our America: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism, (Durham: Duke University Press, 1995), esp. 6–13
Lears, T. J. Jackson, No Place of Grace: Antimodernism and the Transformation of American Culture, 1880–1920 (1983), 2d ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), esp. 4–7, 26
Scott-James, R. A., “Modern Poetry,” in The Daily News, 9 July 1909, 3
Scott-James, R. A., Modernism and Romance (London: John Lane, The Bodley Head, 1908)
Thomas, Edward, “Two Poets,” English Review (1909), 627
Pound, Ezra, “M. Antonius Flamininus and John Keats, a Kinship in Genius,” Book News Monthly, February 1908, 446
The Collected Early Poems of Ezra Pound, ed. King, Michael (New York: New Directions, 1976), 205
Canzoni (1911)
Lindberg, Kathryn V., Reading Pound Reading: Modernism after Nietzsche (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987)
Pound, Ezra, Personae: The Shorter Poems of Ezra Pound, ed. Baechler, Lea and Litz, A. Walton (New York: New Directions, 1990), 41
Froula, Christine, “War, Empire, and Modernist Poetry, 1914–1922,” Cambridge Companion to the Poetry of the First World War, ed. Das, Santanu (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 210–26, 216, 226n.46
Pound, Ezra, “Through Alien Eyes III,” New Age, 30 January 1913, 300
Huysmans, J. K., Against Nature [À Rebours] (1884), ed. White, Nicholas, trans. Mauldon, Margaret (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 29–31
Pound, , “Patria mia VI,” New Age, 10 October 1912, 564
Pound, , “Affirmations VI. Analysis of This Decade,” New Age, 11 February 1915, 409
Pound, , “Affirmations II. Vorticism,” New Age, 14 January 1915, 277
Pound, , “The Renaissance III,” Poetry, May 1915, 90
Epstein, Jacobhas had ‘form-understanding’; he has not fallen into the abyss, into the decadence of all sculpture that is ‘the admiration of self’”; in Pound, , “Affirmations III. Jacob Epstein,” New Age, 21 January 1915, 312
Pound, , “This Super-Neutrality,” New Age, 21 October 1915, 595
Pound, , “Affirmations V. Gaudier-Brzeska,” New Age, 4 February 1915, 381
Pound, , “What America Has to Live Down V,” New Age, 12 September 1918, 314
little review, August 1917, 6
Egoist, March/April 1919, 24
New Age, 17 October 1918, 400
Drama, February 1916, 131
Pound, , “James Joyce: at Last the Novel Appears,” Egoist, February 1917, 22
Pound, , “The Revolt of Intelligence IX,” New Age, 11 March 1920, 301
Pound/Lewis: The Letters of Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis, ed. Materer, Timothy (New York: New Directions, 1985), 35
Blast: War Number, ed. Lewis, Wyndham (1915; rpt. Santa Rosa: Black Sparrow Press, 1993), 34
The Selected Letters of Ezra Pound to John Quinn, 1915–1924, ed. Materer, Timothy (Durham: Duke University Press, 1991), 64
Longenbach, James, “War Poets by the Waste Moor,” Stone Cottage: Pound, Yeats, and Modernism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990), 105–34
little review, February/March 1919, 26–27
Pound, , “Art Notes, by B. H. Dias, On the Russian Ballet,” New Age, 23 October 1919, 427
Pound, , “On the Russian Ballet,” 428. Cf. Woolf, Virginia, Jacob’s Room (1922; rpt. New York: Harcourt, 1991), 155–56
English Journal dated 24 January 1931
Beerbohm, Max, “Hilary Maltby and Stephen Braxton,” Seven Men and Two Others (New York: Vintage, 1959), 38
Jackson, Holbrook, The Eighteen Nineties: A Review of Art and Ideas at the Close of the Nineteenth Century (1913; rpt. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1976)
Athenaeum, 26 March 1920, 424
Umbra [Shadows] – combines with the descriptive indicator of its subtitle: The Early Poems of Ezra Pound (London: Elkin Matthews, 1920)
Pound, Ezra, “Arthur Symons,” Athenaeum, 21 May 1920, 663
Gautier, , in his introduction to an early collection of Baudelaire’s poetry; in The Complete Works of Théophile Gautier. XII, trans. DeSumichrast, F. C. (New York: Bigelow, Smith & Co., 1910), 39–40
Puchner, Martin, Poetry of the Revolution: Marx, Manifestos, and the Avant-Gardes (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006)
Lukács, Georg, “The Ideology of Modernism,” The Meaning of Contemporary Realism, trans. John, and Mander, Necke (London: Merlin Press, 1963), 17–46
Lunn, Eugene, “Part III: Benjamin and Adorno,” Marxism and Modernism: An Historical Study of Lukács, Brecht, Benjamin, and Adorno (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982), 149–279
Adorno, Theodor W., Aesthetic Theory, trans. Hullot-Kentor, Robert (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1979), 227
Anderson, Perry, “Marshall Berman: Modernity and Revolution,” A Zone of Engagement (London: Verso, 1992), 25–55
Perloff, Marjorie in “The Politics of Modern Poetry,” a review of Cairns Craig’s Yeats, Eliot, Pound, and the Politics of Poetry, in Contemporary Literature, 25.1 (1984), 88
The Sense of an Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction (1967; rpt. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), 110–11
Kermode, Frank dissolves the evident discrepancy of aesthetic experimentation and reactionary politics by asserting “that the radical thinking of the early modernists about the arts implied, in other spheres, opinions of a sort not normally associated with the word radical. It appears, in fact, that modernist radicalism in art – the breaking down of pseudo-traditions, the making new on a true understanding of the nature of the elements of art – this radicalism involves the creation of fictions which may be dangerous in the dispositions they breed towards the world”; those ultimate political solutions, in other words, were instinct already and first of all in the early radicalization of art. The difficulties inherent in the critical task of reconciling experimental aesthetics and reactionary politics push commentators to assert opposite but absolute partisan values for the same literary figures and institutions in early modernism. So, in “Seafarer Socialism: Pound, The New Age, and Anglo-Medieval Radicalism,” Journal of Modern Literature, 29.4 (2006), 1–21
Garver, Lee maintains that the poetic experimentation undertaken in the radical project of Pound’s Anglo-Saxon translation accords wholly with the concurrent (1911) work of labor unrest and social emancipation in England, for which The New Age was the appropriate partisan venue, whereas, in “The New Age and the Emergence of Reactionary Modernism Before the Great War,” Modern Fiction Studies, 38.3 (1992), 653–65
Ferrall, Charles maintains, as his title suggests, a totally opposite political character and value in this journal. A good overview of the critical problem comes in “The Politics of Modernist Form,” New Literary History, 23.3 (1992), 675–90
Auden, W. H., “In Memory of W. B. Yeats” (1939), in Collected Shorter Poems 1927–1957 (London: Faber, 1961), 142
Richards, I. A., Science and Poetry (New York: Norton, 1926), esp. 21–22
Lewis, Wyndham, “T. S. Eliot, The Pseudo-Believer,” in Men Without Art (1934), ed. Cooney, Seamus (Santa Rosa: Black Sparrow Press, 1987), 55–82
Eliot, T. S., After Strange Gods: A Primer of Modern Heresy (New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co., 1934), 12
Eliot, T. S., “Swinburne as Poet,” in The Sacred Wood (1920)
The Sacred Wood and Major Early Essays (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1998), 86–87
Pound, Ezra, “Swinburne versus Biographers,” Poetry, March 1918, 329
Eliot, T. S., “Introduction,” in The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism: Studies in the Relation of Criticism to Poetry in England (1933; rpt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1964), 16–17
Pound, , as “Ferrex on Petulance,” in The Egoist, 1 January 1914, 9
Pound, Ezra, “Canto XLVI,” The Cantos of Ezra Pound (1973; rpt. New York: New Directions, 1986), 231–35
Joyce, James, Ulysses (1922), in The Corrected Text, ed. Gabler, Hans Walter et al. (New York: Vintage, 1986), 118, 7.875–76
Schuchard, Ronald, Eliot’s Dark Angel: Intersections of Life and Art (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), esp. 8–24, 76–86
Bush, Ronald’s well-documented account, “In Pursuit of Wilde Possum: Reflections on Eliot, Modernism, and the Nineties,” Modernism/modernity, 11.3 (2004), 469–85
Eliot, T. S., Inventions of the March Hare: Poems 1909–1917, ed. Ricks, Christopher (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1996), 11
Perloff, Marjorie, “Avant-Garde Eliot,” 21st-Century Modernism: The “New” Poetics (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002), 7–43
“A Retrospect” (1918), in The Literary Essays of Ezra Pound, ed. Eliot, T. S. (London: Faber, 1954), 9
Lamos, Colleen’s Deviant Modernism: Sexual and Textual Errancy in T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, and Marcel Proust (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998)
Churchill, Suzanne W.’s “Outing T. S. Eliot,” Criticism, 47.1 (2005), 7–30
McIntire, Gabrielle’s “An Unexpected Beginning: Sex, Race, and History in T. S. Eliot’s Columbo and Bolo Poems,” Modernism/modernity, 9.2 (2002), 283–301
Riquelme, John Paul’s “T. S. Eliot’s Ambiviolences: Oscar Wilde as Masked Precursor,” The Hopkins Review, 5.3 (2012), 353–79
“Homoeroticisms,” in Gender, Desire, and Sexuality in T. S. Eliot, ed. Laity, Cassandra and Gish, Nancy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004)
The Letters of T. S. Eliot, vol. I (1898–1922), ed. Eliot, Valerie (London: Faber, 1988), 40–41
Laity, Cassandra, “T. S. Eliot and A. C. Swinburne: Decadent Bodies, Modern Visualities and Changing Modes of Perception,” Modernism/modernity, 11.3 (2004), 425–48
Kaye, Richard, “‘A Splendid Readiness for Death’: T. S. Eliot, the Homosexual Cult of St. Sebastian, and World War I,” Modernism/modernity, 6.2 (1999), 107–34
Eliot, , “Virgil and the Christian World” (1951), rpt. Eliot, , On Poetry and Poets (London: Faber, 1957), 124, 126, 127. Emphasis added
The Sacred Wood (1920)
Ackroyd, Peter, T. S. Eliot: A Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984), 79
Eliot, , “Rudyard Kipling” (1941), rpt. Eliot, , On Poetry and Poets, 245
“Gerontion,” in Poems (New York: Knopf, Alfred A., 1920), 13–16, 13
Alderman, Nigel, “‘Where are the Eagles and the Trumpets’: The Strange Case of Eliot’s Missing Quatrains,” Twentieth Century Literature, 39.2 (1993), 129–51, esp. 136, 138 ff
Burstein, Jessica, “Waspish Segments,” Cold Modernism: Literature, Fashion, Art (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012), 65–86
Hall, Donald, “T. S. Eliot, The Art of Poetry No. 1,” which is collected in Hall, ’s Their Ancient Glittering Eyes: Remembering Poets and More Poets (New York: Ticknor and Fields, 1992), 265
New York Times, 7 May 1916
The Waste Land: A Facsimile and Transcript of the Original Drafts Including the Annotations of Ezra Pound, ed. Eliot, Valerie (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971), 140
Southam, B. C., A Guide to the Selected Poems of T. S. Eliot, 6th ed. (Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace Mifflin, 1996), 168–69
The Egoist, January-February 1919, 6–9
Boyd, Ernest A., “Broadbent’s Baedeker,” New Ireland, 19 May 1917, 24–25
Goldring, Douglas (signed “Broadbent”), “On the Importance of Being Ernest,” New Ireland, 26 May 1917, 49–50
Boyd, , “A Boy of the Bulldog Breed,” New Ireland, 2 June 1917, 62–63
The Stones of Venice (1851; rpt., 3 vols., Boston: Estes, 1899), I, 15
Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849; rpt. Boston: Estes, 1900)
Julius, Anthony, T. S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism and Literary Form (1995; rpt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997)
Modernism/modernity, 10.1 (2003)
Bromwich, David discusses the lower case spelling of “jew” in his response to Schuchard’s article in Modernism/modernity, 10.1 (2003), 29
Eliot, T. S., The Waste Land: A Facsimile, 113. This volume includes the text of the first published edition of the poem (New York: Boni and Liveright, 1922)
Conrad, Joseph, Heart of Darkness (1899), ed. Murfin, Ross C. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989), 85
Eliot, T. S., Poems Written in Early Youth (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1967), 28–30
Gordon, Lyndall, T. S. Eliot, An Imperfect Life (New York: Norton, 2000), 33
Wilson, Jr. Edmund, “The Poetry of Drouth,” The Dial, December 1922, 613, 614
Rainey, Lawrence, ed. The Annotated Waste Land, with Eliot’s Contemporary Prose, 2d ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 23–24
Lucas, F. L., “The Waste Land,” New Statesman, 3 November 1923, 116
Barnes, Djuna, Nightwood, intro. Eliot, T. S. (1937; rpt. New York: New Directions, 1961), xiv
Jameson, Fredric, Fables of Identity: Wyndham Lewis, The Modernist as Fascist (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979), 37
Beckett, Samuel, The Unnamable, in Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnamable (New York: Grove Press, 1959), 409