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  • Cited by 3
  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: January 2010

2 - Mood and memory

from Part I


Mood disordered individuals who present at the clinic invariably complain of day-to-day problems with basic cognitive processes, particularly memory and concentration. This chapter focuses on memory and depression and the effects of other mood states such as anxiety, and of positive emotions, such as happiness. In the memory and depression literature two clear research themes can be identified. The first is concerned with the effects of depressed mood on general memory performance. The second focuses on the effects of depressed mood on memory for emotional material which is either positive or negative in its hedonic tone. There are clear general memory deficits associated with depression. The association is stronger for self-reports of memory difficulties but remains substantial even on objective memory tests with stronger effects being found in younger depressed subjects and in inpatients relative to outpatients.